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  • authoritarian
  • In that sense, the protest movements in democracies are not altogether unlike those that have rocked authoritarian governments this year, toppling longtime leaders in Tunisia , Egypt and Libya . (nytimes.com)
  • Arch Puddington and Tyler Roylance wrote "In 2016, populist and nationalist political forces made astonishing gains in democratic states, while authoritarian powers engaged in brazen acts of aggression, and grave atrocities went unanswered in war zones across two continents. (globalsecurity.org)
  • 1929
  • 6. In the aftermath of the 1929 collapse on Wall Street, the government and the press repeated endlessly the refrain: "Prosperity is just around the corner. (socialequality.com)
  • These two groups alternated in party leadership until 1929, when the Comintern ordered that Foster's group gain control to carry out the Comintern policy line established at its Sixth World Congress (1928). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The adoption of the new party line coincided with the beginning of the depression of 1929, and as the economic crisis grew, Communist membership increased. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Yet later, when assessing the position of the Nazi party in 1929, 'still very much on the fringes of politics', he says: 'The republic seemed to have weathered the storms of the early 1920s - the inflation, the French occupation, the armed conflicts, the social dislocation - and to have entered calmer waters. (lrb.co.uk)
  • 1929 caricature in Folkets Dagblad Politiken , illustrating the Kilbom-led party as a mighty cruise ship and the Sillén-led party as a small rowboat lost at sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1929, a major split, the largest in the history of the party, took place. (wikipedia.org)
  • favor
  • In contrast, most of those who have shaped American foreign policy have been professional politicians, accustomed to thinking of individual recognition, career progress, and personal income in connection with party favor and victory at the polls. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Liberal Democ
  • After Labour won a landslide victory in the general elections of May 1997-in which the SNP took six seats in Parliament, its best performance in nearly 25 years-the SNP joined Labour and the Liberal Democratic Party to campaign vigorously for a second referendum proposing the creation of a Scottish Parliament (a previous referendum in 1979 was unsuccessful). (britannica.com)
  • Tony Travers says the Liberal Democratic Party had "a particularly disastrous party conference. (baltimoresun.com)
  • capitalism
  • In 2005, Franz Müntefering, at the time chairman of the German Social Democratic Party, articulated a 'critique of capitalism' according to which the blame for the increased economic instability and precarisation of twenty-first-century capitalism lies with 'greedy speculators', whom he described as locusts. (krisis.org)
  • This essay, written during the early stages of development of the current financial crisis in May 2008, is a contribution to the analysis of the nature of the relationship between the current over-inflation of the financial markets and the dynamics of globalised capitalism, and of its consequences for trade unions and social movements. (krisis.org)
  • 2 I shall instead concentrate on evidence for the claim that these one-sided attacks on finance capital also turn the cause-effect relationships of the functional logic of capitalism on their head, which blocks the way not only for an analysis of the ongoing crisis, but also for an adequate opposition to the unreasonable social and political demands that are bound up with it. (krisis.org)
  • He argues that trade unionism did not develop a 'class consciousness' in the full and proper sense of the term, which could grasp the total reality of capitalism. (wordpress.com)
  • electoral
  • Beyond electoral transparency, they should reach an accord, in advance of the vote, on minimum guarantees against the next government adopting a "winner-takes-all" approach and agree beforehand to its main objectives, notably with regard to economic and security policy. (crisisgroup.org)
  • From the beginning, disagreements arose within the SNP over whether to focus on electoral politics or wider cultural aims. (britannica.com)
  • This was not always the case: the party was born out of the efforts of political currents that united because the social movement was defeated in the 1998 abortion referendum (and with that, they understood the limits of their fragmented and non-electoral extension action) and in the context of the anti-globalization movement and solidarity with the Timor independence struggles. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • 2. Institutional and electoral representation is the normal form of political action in the eyes of the majority of the population. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • 5. A popular party must seek electoral representation. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • opposition
  • These are the values which have ruled our major campaigns and our political activity whether in opposition or in Government. (wordpress.com)
  • Even as it carries out mass arrests, the Democratic Party and its adjuncts-from the trade unions to a variety of middle-class "left" organizations and academic celebrities-are continuing their attempts to channel opposition behind the Democrats and Obama's reelection campaign. (wsws.org)
  • workers
  • The Progressive movement accommodated a diverse array of reformers-insurgent Republican officeholders, disaffected Democrats , journalists, academics, social workers, and other activists-who formed new organizations and institutions with the common objective of strengthening the national government and making it more responsive to popular economic, social, and political demands. (britannica.com)
  • Lane raised interesting questions for today in terms of the difference between a Labour Party mark II or an actual new workers' party which would be something very different. (wordpress.com)
  • Much depended upon the general level of employment, the scarcity of the skills of the workers in question, the legal status of the unions (restrictions on the use of the strike, on the use of funds, on the actions of officials etc.), the efficiency and responsiveness of the union organisation with respect to rank and file demands. (wordpress.com)
  • These young people were not around during the 1964-1985 dictatorship, nor are they members of the poor masses, 40 million of whom were lifted out of poverty during a decade of government by the leftwing Workers' Party (PT), first led by former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2011) and now by President Dilma Rousseff, lightening the historic burden of inequality. (ipsnews.net)
  • She is the international secretary of FIOM, the left-wing metal workers union, which is in a special (and quite isolated) position in the Italian trade union movement. (redpepper.org.uk)
  • Accordingly, in Dec., 1921, the Communists organized the Workers party of America, as a legal, acknowledged organization, and by 1923 the underground party had ceased to function. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Unsuccessful Communist-led strikes among textile workers in Passaic, N.J. (1926), in New Bedford, Mass. (1928), and among New York City garment workers (1926) also lessened Communist influence in trade unions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Where struggles erupted-as in the demonstrations of hundreds of thousands in Wisconsin against budget cuts and attacks on workers' rights earlier this year-the unions worked to direct them back behind the Democratic Party in order to betray and defeat them. (wsws.org)
  • In seeking the LSSP's support, Prime Minister Madame Bandaranaike had made clear that for the crisis-ridden Sri Lankan bourgeoisie, the only alternative to bringing "the workers' leaders" into government was, to use her words, "dictatorship" and making the workers "work at the point of gun and bayonet. (wsws.org)
  • The RCL was founded by a group of youth, radicalized by the Vietnam war and the manifest failure of decolonization to resolve any of the problems of the masses, who-under the ICFI's influence and guidance-drew far-reaching conclusions as to the roots and significance of the LSSP's betrayal and its lessons for the building of revolutionary workers' parties in Asia and around the world. (wsws.org)
  • On 23-24 January 1926, SKP organized a trade union conference with delegates representing 80,000 organized workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • labour movement
  • By considering the history of the labour movement Lane looked at the political consciousness of the rank and file, and the ways in which union leaders at all levels tend to become isolated from the worker on the shop floor. (wordpress.com)
  • Republican Party
  • The ambassador was not claiming that McKinley had chosen war to help the Republican Party, although it was widely believed that the president would have suffered politically if he had not requested a declaration of hostilities against Spain. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 2. The Movement shall be organised and known as Fianna Fáil, The Republican Party, in accordance with the Rules annexed hereto. (wordpress.com)
  • despite
  • He made few efforts to renew peace negotiations - claiming that they were not a priority for his government, despite his previous involvement. (c-r.org)
  • Despite some promising movements for something more, the governments after independence remained no less committed than before to maintaining an idea of rights rooted first and foremost on ownership. (solidarity-us.org)
  • Despite the BJP being the junior ally of the party in the state, the JD(U) has been assertive and would not like to yield space to the BJP in any manner. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Domestically, difficult reforms cost the center-right ruling party in both regional and EU polls, despite an economy that gathered strength over the course of the year. (freedomhouse.org)
  • However, its policies isolated the Communists both in politics and in the unions, so that despite increased membership and some success in organizing the unemployed, the party's influence remained small. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Despite the Labour Party 's continued popularity in Scotland, the SNP managed to remain a significant presence. (britannica.com)
  • Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule , the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election. (wikipedia.org)
  • politicians
  • Could these individuals, being practical party politicians, be expected to forget domestic politics when they weigh foreign policy alternatives? (encyclopedia.com)
  • As the Hay example illustrates, politicians often have had particular and deeply felt ideas about international matters, ideas that their party (or a large segment of their party) have shared or endorsed. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But from South Asia to the heartland of Europe and now even to Wall Street , these protesters share something else: wariness, even contempt, toward traditional politicians and the democratic political process they preside over. (nytimes.com)
  • organisation
  • After the strike movement in the winter of 1995-96 precipitated a severe crisis for the conservative government of Alain Juppé, the ruling class appointed a prime minister who had spent 20 years of his political life-from the mid-sixties to the mid-eighties-in the Organisation Communiste Internationaliste (OCI) of Pierre Lambert. (wsws.org)
  • The civil service unions and the TUC failed to beat off a government edict banning union organisation at GCHQ in Cheltenham. (marxists.org)
  • This increased level of working class organisation formed the background to the social legislation enacted by Lloyd George's liberal government in the period from 1906 onwards. (worldsocialism.org)
  • bourgeois
  • They also extended this concept to include other political tendencies such as petty bourgeois nationalists like Fidel Castro and the Sandinistas, as well as applying it to social democracy and the trade unions. (wsws.org)
  • In 1964, after years of opportunist backsliding, the LSSP had betrayed an insurgent mass working class movement of which it was in the leadership and entered into a bourgeois government led by the Sinhala-populist Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP). (wsws.org)
  • In becoming the first-ever party claiming to be Trotskyist to enter a bourgeois government, the LSSP repudiated any and all connection with permanent revolution. (wsws.org)
  • mobilization
  • Before this important event, there had been a political mobilization of Danish women for more than 40 years. (db-decision.de)
  • What is posed above all is the necessity for the independent social and political mobilization of the working class, the vast majority of the population in the United States and internationally. (wsws.org)
  • ruling class
  • Every factory, workplace and neighborhood must become a center of resistance to the policies of the ruling class and its political representatives. (wsws.org)
  • Whigs
  • Their predispositions created distinct caucuses in the Parliament, and these "caucus parties" - the Whigs and Tories - represented the most important model for what became the U.S. party system. (solidarity-us.org)
  • It arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Liberal Party grew out of the Whigs , who had their origins in an aristocratic faction in the reign of Charles II and the early 19th century Radicals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Women's
  • The Women's Action Forum radicalised the politics of dissent at a time when General Ziaul Haq ruled the country with an iron fist. (wluml.org)
  • The society was joined three years later by the Women's Christian Temperance Union, which supplied significant assistance to the movement in all colonies. (aec.gov.au)
  • Mary Lee formed the Women's Working Trade Union in South Australia in 1890. (aec.gov.au)
  • Together with the Women's Christian Temperance Union and the Women's Suffrage League, Mary Lee organised pamphlet distribution and many rallies and petitions seeking the vote for women. (aec.gov.au)
  • The League of Women Voters (later the Federation of Women Voters) was formed in Adelaide in 1909 by a group of women who were interested in improving women's participation in political decision making. (aec.gov.au)
  • Often therefore women's political activity was undervalued, mainly because their work was voluntary and usually concerned with welfare and cultural issues. (aec.gov.au)
  • Women's equal participation and representation in local decision-making processes is critical for prioritizing women's practical needs and issues in local governments' agendas and for localizing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). (iknowpolitics.org)
  • This will generate strong statistical evidence that will help to raise awareness and accelerate progress on a range of aspects of women's political participation. (iknowpolitics.org)
  • What are the challenges that hinder women's political participation and representation at the local governance and decision-making level? (iknowpolitics.org)
  • What are the good practices that help advance women's political participation and representation at the local level? (iknowpolitics.org)
  • What is the role of political parties in supporting women's engagement in local politics? (iknowpolitics.org)
  • The factors that hamper or facilitate women's political participation vary with level of socio-economic development, geography, culture, and the type of political system. (iknowpolitics.org)
  • Not very long ago, in fact about ten years ago, the question of women's equality, and the question of whether women could take part in government alongside men was being hotly debated. (marxists.org)
  • Congress
  • Another target was Congress, in Brasilia, where alliances are being forged that would have been inconceivable in the past, between progressive parties like the PT and old-style rightwing parties or those representing fundamentalist evangelical groups, that are opposed to laws demanded by the young. (ipsnews.net)
  • When Atal Bihari Vajpayee and LK Advani refused to oblige the socialists, who were in the forefront of the demand, Fernandes became key to toppling the first non-Congress government at the Centre. (hindustantimes.com)
  • they reentered the mainstream of the trade union movement and played an important part in organizing new unions for the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), for the first time gaining important positions of power in the union movement. (encyclopedia.com)
  • social
  • But that dynamic growth also generated profound economic and social ills that challenged the decentralized form of republican government that characterized the United States . (britannica.com)
  • STARTING WITH THE foundations, the American political system, like its social order and economic structure, began as a New World variation of that in Britain. (solidarity-us.org)
  • My first stop was back in Florence to meet Paul Ginsborg, whose books on contemporary Italian history present, in an exceptionally lucid manner, the roots of the institutions, social forces and individual biographies now shaping Italian politics. (redpepper.org.uk)
  • The Labour Party sees equality not only in economic terms but also in terms of social political and economic rights. (wordpress.com)
  • In the community or the workplace, the trade union or the social club there is a common sense of belonging and of purpose. (wordpress.com)
  • Apart from notable by-election victories, the party's fortunes did not improve significantly until it formed the SDP-Liberal Alliance with the newly formed Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 1981. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the 1987 general election , its share of the vote fell below 23% and the Liberal and Social Democratic parties merged in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats . (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1998 to 2006, the Left Party was in a confidence and supply arrangement with the ruling Social Democrats and the Green Party . (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 2014, it has supported the minority government of Social Democrats and Greens in the Swedish parliament , as well as in many of Sweden's counties and municipalities . (wikipedia.org)
  • Zeth Höglund , the main leader of the party during the split from the Social Democrats, left the party in 1924. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some social sectors participate in another form by joining associations or unions and popular sectors are part of both, the political left and trade unions and social organizations. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • demands
  • In the interior there are numerous reports of children fainting in school for lack of food, and over 60% of newborns in Misiones suffer from anemia-a direct result of government cutbacks to meet G-7 and IMF demands. (thirdworldtraveler.com)
  • country's
  • But even in India and Israel, where growth remains robust, protesters say they so distrust their country's political class and its pandering to established interest groups that they feel only an assault on the system itself can bring about real change. (nytimes.com)
  • Young Israeli organizers repeatedly turned out gigantic crowds insisting that their political leaders, regardless of party, had been so thoroughly captured by security concerns, ultra-Orthodox groups and other special interests that they could no longer respond to the country's middle class. (nytimes.com)
  • proportional
  • 135 elected by party list vote from 17 multi-seat counties, 40 awared to parties to ensure proportional representation, 2 reserved each for Greenland and Faeroe Islands. (db-decision.de)
  • equality
  • That is also true for the political system, which has a duty to implement the equality acts and other de jure and de facto measures influencing the work for equality. (db-decision.de)
  • What can local government do to achieve gender equality and empower rural women and girls? (iknowpolitics.org)
  • left
  • In France, the Pabloite Ligue Communiste Revolutionaire (LCR) is preparing to enter a "left" government. (wsws.org)
  • The fall of Romano Prodi's Unione government, of which Rifondazione was the third largest partner, and the prospect of a return of Silvio Berlusconi, gives a sense of urgency to listening as our new European companions draw lessons from the experience of the radical left in government and debate future strategy. (redpepper.org.uk)
  • We met as he was organising 250 'banchetti' ( stalls) to build up support for the rainbow left in the hostile political environment of the Veneto region which, apart from Venice, is a base of support for Berlusconi and the Lega Nord. (redpepper.org.uk)
  • She adds, with her editorial hat on (she was a founder of the Italian left wing daily Il Manifesto): 'Please do not present a wonderful Italian society, ready for revolution, prevented by [Walter] Veltroni [the former mayor of Rome and Democratic Party leader],' she says. (redpepper.org.uk)
  • Posted by WorldbyStorm in Culture , Economy , Irish Politics , The Left . (wordpress.com)
  • Mr. Blair will need teeth at the Labor conference to balance his baby-boomer liberal strategies and the left-wing, working-class, trade-union tradition in his party. (baltimoresun.com)
  • In 1967, the party was renamed Left Party - Communists , and in 1990, it adopted its current name. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Left Party is a member of the Nordic Green Left Alliance , and its MEP sits in the European United Left-Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) group. (wikipedia.org)
  • economy
  • The conservative-led government of the last four years has been focused on stabilizing the economy, imposing cuts and frugality to right the deficit. (medium.com)
  • With the economy fairly weak after the 2002 polls, the government, led by Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin, had begun a bold series of reforms aimed at trimming pensions, loosening labor-market restrictions, and shaking up health care. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Often influencing policies in housing, security, transport, and the economy, local government makes important decisions that affect the lives of women and men. (iknowpolitics.org)
  • His views on political economy reflected the writings of John Ruskin, who argued that the just distribution of wealth to maximise the happiness of the majority of a population was the most important principle in economics. (teara.govt.nz)
  • But in the last years before the war the rise in prices forced even the most peaceful housewife to take an interest in questions of politics and to protest loudly against the bourgeoisie's economy of plunder. (marxists.org)
  • years
  • However, during the last years, the parties have put more women at the top positions on the lists - and some parties have given priority alternately to either a woman or a man. (db-decision.de)
  • In the ensuing years, the Janata parivar split many times and the malleable Fernandes, along with Nitish Kumar, floated the Samata Party. (hindustantimes.com)
  • He developed an early interest in political and international affairs, and his years at the First Provincial Normal School in Changsha, where he studied to be a teacher, brought him into contact with young men and women from all over the province. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In later years the party was supported consistently in opinion polls by 20 to 25 percent of Scottish voters, making it the second most popular party in Scotland after Labour. (britannica.com)
  • The pair fought for years over control of the party, badly weakening it in the process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The admission of the middle classes to the franchise and to the House of Commons led eventually to the development of a systematic middle class liberalism and the end of Whiggery, although for many years reforming aristocrats held senior positions in the party. (wikipedia.org)
  • The parties are jockeying for position for a general election that won't come for at least nine months and might not be held until nearly two years from now. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Over the years, retaliatory trade barriers eroded its benefits. (interdependence.org)
  • organisations
  • Yet when pressured by political and private sector elites and the military, he gradually excluded popular organisations from talks on constitutional issues and toned down his initially radical proposals. (c-r.org)
  • Alongside these demonstrations and outside them, the trade unions have been stronger in organising demonstrations than in trade union practice and grass-roots organisations. (internationalviewpoint.org)
  • European Union
  • Along with Belgium and Luxembourg it comprises the "Low Countries" (not an official name) or "Benelux" (an acronym for an economic liaison, now largely superseded by the European Union ). (citizendium.org)
  • In 2004, France pushed for the creation of a strongly "federalist" - or centralized - constitution for the European Union (EU), in which it has long been a key member. (freedomhouse.org)
  • vii) To maintain the status of Ireland as a sovereign State, as a full member of the European Union and the United Nations, contributing to peace, disarmament and development on the basis of Ireland's independent foreign policy tradition. (wordpress.com)
  • The European Union (EU) faces dismemberment - Brexit seems to be a beginning, not an end. (interdependence.org)
  • Moreover, the party was against accession to the European Union , and supports a Swedish exit. (wikipedia.org)
  • reforms
  • Under Prime Ministers Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1905-08) and H. H. Asquith (1908-16), the Liberal Party passed the welfare reforms that created a basic British welfare state . (wikipedia.org)
  • decades
  • Ironically, at that point in time when WAF was commemorating the two and a half decades of its existence, the government of another general in uniform was busy hobnobbing with the religious parties to decide the fate of the same ordinances that have been responsible for serious miscarriage of justice for thousands of innocent women who have suffered protracted incarceration. (wluml.org)
  • So also with secretaries of state and defense, at least until the last few decades, when these offices have usually been held by nonpoliticians (who, of course, are bound to the president's political positions). (encyclopedia.com)
  • demonstrations
  • On the 28th of February, 1909, the women socialists of the U.S.A. organized huge demonstrations and meetings all over the country demanding political rights for working women. (marxists.org)
  • Attempts
  • In addition, the SNP made explicit attempts to modernize its party structure and its public relations strategies. (britannica.com)
  • Attempts to channel political discontent back within the political system have been combined with a growing wave of arrests and stepped-up police violence. (wsws.org)
  • crossroads
  • George Fernandes is at the crossroads of his political career. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The Occupy Wall Street protests against inequality, which began in New York City over a month ago and have since expanded to hundreds of cities and towns throughout the United States and internationally, have arrived at a political crossroads. (wsws.org)
  • collapse
  • When the disaster finally struck in 2008, the US government intervened with a desperate infusion of hundreds of billions of dollars to save the banking system from collapse. (socialequality.com)
  • Scotland
  • Meanwhile, Kinnock does not even attempt to conceal the key role played in his front bench by hard right wingers such as Hattersley, Healey, Denzil Davies and so on, local parties are given carte blanche for expelling alleged Militant supporters, and there are even moves to use administrative action to break Militant 's hold on parts of the Labour Party Young Socialists (especially in Scotland). (marxists.org)
  • time
  • Thus did the pro-minent men of organised labour speak across a century to each other in a political language not much eroded by time and great events. (wordpress.com)
  • At the same time, Russia, in stunning displays of hubris and hostility, interfered in the political processes of the United States and other democracies, escalated its military support for the Assad dictatorship in Syria, and solidified its illegal occupation of Ukrainian territory. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Seeking a wider stage after graduation, Mao set out for Beijing in 1918, where he studied and worked part-time in the library at Peking University, the nation ' s premier institution of higher education, and, at the time, a hotbed of radical political thinking among many of the faculty and students. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Labor Party will be trying to do that this time around," he says. (baltimoresun.com)
  • And the Labor Party will be led for the first time by a male model, Tony Blair. (baltimoresun.com)
  • To the dismay of their leader, Paddy Ashdown, Young Liberal Democrats raised a debate on marijuana and on the monarchy for the first time at any British party conference. (baltimoresun.com)
  • This happens at a time when "Trade Openness" is almost half (47.2%) of the GDP of 17 largest countries. (interdependence.org)
  • leader
  • In early May 1993, the leader of the government negotiating team broke off peace talks. (c-r.org)
  • Asquith was overwhelmed by the wartime role of coalition Prime Minister and Lloyd George replaced him as Prime Minister in late 1916, but Asquith remained as Liberal Party leader. (wikipedia.org)
  • democratic
  • Under the direction of Democratic Party Mayor Jean Quan, the police used tear gas, bean bag guns and a sonic cannon to attack and arrest about one hundred peaceful demonstrators and lay waste to the occupation site. (wsws.org)
  • The political perspective of these organizations, of pressure on the Democratic Party, has been thoroughly exposed by the experience of the Obama administration, which in all of its policies and in its very composition is a government of, by and for Wall Street. (wsws.org)
  • 1990
  • The Oslo consultations in 1990 created momentum for direct peace negotiations between the government and Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (URNG). (c-r.org)
  • 1983
  • Although the Prior law came into effect in 1980, it was not until the NGA case - in November 1983 - that any union was actually fined under it! (marxists.org)
  • leaders
  • Party leaders-both Democrats and Republicans-were seen as irresponsible "bosses" who did the bidding of special interests. (britannica.com)