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  • 2017
  • This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 10-16 September 2017 and includes updates on cholera, measles, rubella, Legionnaires' disease, West Nile virus, malaria, chikungunya, and typhoid fever. (europa.eu)
  • stool
  • Most people get paratyphoid fever by eating or drinking food or water that has been contaminated with feces (stool) or urine of people with the disease or by direct contact with a person who has the disease. (virginia.gov)
  • Laboratory testing of feces (stool) or blood is the most common way to diagnose paratyphoid fever. (virginia.gov)
  • carriers
  • Second, although the intensity of excretion by carriers may vary widely, figures as high as 450x106 organisms per gram of faeces in a paratyphoid carrier have been quoted, and between 1x106 and 10000x106 for typhoid carriers3. (bmj.com)
  • treatment
  • What is the treatment for paratyphoid fever? (virginia.gov)
  • Residents in areas with a high risk for typhoid fever had lower literacy rates and economic status, bigger household size, and resided closer to waterbodies and study treatment centers than residents in low risk areas. (biomedcentral.com)
  • They query whether this may be because ciprofloxacin dose is too low, the duration of treatment is too short, or because ciprofloxacin is used indiscriminately in all patients with fever. (bmj.com)