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  • vaccines
  • HPV vaccines can prevent the most common types of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current research has focused on the determinants of infection with oncogenic HPV types, the assessment of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines and the development of screening strategies incorporating HPV testing and other methods as adjunct to cytology. (cmaj.ca)
  • With the recent impetus to include HPV testing in cervical cancer screening programs and the prospect that efficacious HPV vaccines will become available in the near future, it becomes imperative to understand the role played by multiple HPV infections. (aacrjournals.org)
  • cutaneous
  • Skin infection (" cutaneous " infection) with HPV is very widespread. (wikipedia.org)
  • HPV infection has a variable presentation that may be divided into two main classifications-cutaneous and mucosal. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Specifically, we discuss viral pathogenesis in cutaneous and mucosal tissues as well as in different mouse strains, immune responses to the virus, and local host-restricted factors that may be involved in MmuPV1 infections and associated disease progression. (mdpi.com)
  • type-specific HPV infections
  • The disparity in results may originate from the fact that many studies have relied on cross-sectional detection of type-specific HPV infections and thereby may have underestimated the cumulative lifetime diversity of exposure to HPV. (aacrjournals.org)
  • This study presents the descriptive epidemiological results on the dynamics of acquisition, loss, and persistence of type-specific HPV infections. (aacrjournals.org)
  • cohort
  • The goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence and assess risk factors of oral HPV infection among young men participating in the HPV Infection and Transmission among Couples through Heterosexual Activity (HITCH) cohort study. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Evidence from cohort studies also indicates that risk of cervical neoplasia is greatest among women who develop persistent HR-HPV infections ( 5 - 7 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • The goal of this study was to use a cohort study with repeated measurements of viral infection and lesion outcomes to investigate the role of multiple HPV types in the development of cervical neoplasia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The women included in this study were enrolled into the Ludwig-McGill cohort, an ongoing longitudinal investigation of the natural history of HPV infection and precursor lesions of cervical cancer. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In 1996, we began a prospective cohort study of the natural history of HPV infection and cervical neoplasia in a population of young university students in Montreal, Canada to study the rate of acquisition and clearance of specific HPV types in this population and to investigate risk factors for persistent HPV infections. (aacrjournals.org)
  • innate
  • The apolipoprotein B messenger RNA-editing, enzyme-catalytic, polypeptide-like 3 (APOBEC3) family of cytidine deaminases plays an important role in the innate immune response to viral infections by editing viral genomes. (mdpi.com)
  • transmission
  • Improvement in the understanding of HPV sperm infection mechanisms and HPV transmission into the oocyte and developing blastocyst may help explain idiopathic causes of infertility and miscarriage. (hindawi.com)
  • On the basis of these detailed studies," Banerjee said, "we suggest that HDAC inhibitors are promising compounds for treating benign HPV infections, abrogating progeny production and hence interrupting infectious transmission. (eurekalert.org)
  • subclinical
  • Of the 15 women who practised anal intercourse, a total of 12 (80%) had either clinical or subclinical HPV infection. (bmj.com)
  • and further 5 women had evidence of subclinical HPV infection as determined by positive cytological and/or HPV DNA hybridisation results on their anal scrapes. (bmj.com)
  • lifetime
  • Some HPV types, such as HPV-5, may establish infections that persist for the lifetime of the individual without ever manifesting any clinical symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In multivariate model, HIV-positive, women over 30 years with higher HPV viral, burden and more lifetime sex partners were less likely to clear infections. (aacrjournals.org)
  • among
  • The prevalence of oral HPV among men was 7.2% and was higher among men who were ever smokers (12.2%), in nonmonogamous relationships (17.9%), or had a partner with oral (28.6%) and/or genital (11.5%) HPV infection. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Moreover, prevalence increased with frequency of oral sex among men whose partner who had a genital infection with the same HPV type. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Among women with normal cytology, HPV infections peaked first in women younger than 25 years, and they peaked again at age 55 years or older with predominantly non-cancer-associated types of HPV and uncharacterized HPV types. (uni-bonn.de)
  • anal
  • In several studies, perianal HPV-infections have been detected in up to 90% of HIV-positive men and a high incidence of anal dysplasia has been reported in these patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • CONCLUSION--The results obtained from these women do not indicate a close relationship between anal intercourse and the presence of detectable anal HPV infection. (bmj.com)
  • Furthermore
  • Furthermore, the paper critically evaluates the current evidence related to HPV infection and fertility alteration, as well as its impact on assisted reproductive pregnancy rates. (hindawi.com)