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  • Glycolysis
  • We present a design-build-test cycle composed of modeling efforts and experiments with a glucose-xylose co-utilizing recombinant S. cerevisiae and its HXK2 -deficient mutant that allowed us to uncover interdependencies between upper glycolysis and xylose uptake pathway. (biomedcentral.com)
  • genes
  • Comparative genomics with Arabidopsis revealed the presence of putative conserved orthologs and single copy genes in Citrus and also the occurrence of both gene duplication events and increased number of genes for specific pathways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • proline
  • Proline accumulation may reduce stress-induced cellular acidification or prime oxidative respiration to provide energy needed for recovery. (springer.com)
  • electron transport
  • Oxygenic phototrophic bacteria, known as cyanobacteria, share similar electron transport pathways with other oxygenic phototrophs (e.g., plants and algae). (frontiersin.org)
  • Photosynthetic electron transport pathways are different in anoxygenic (non-oxygen evolving) phototrophs, all of which contain either a type II (quinone type) or a type I (Fe-S type) reaction center (RC). (frontiersin.org)
  • proteins
  • Although transketolase and transaldolase may be absent from the cytosol of some species, the activity is maintained by phosphate translocator proteins on the plastid inner-envelope membrane that have the capacity to translocate sugar phosphates. (edu.au)
  • addition
  • In a cell that required a great deal of energy and fatty acid synthesis, which of the pathways, i-v, would be active in addition to fatty acid synthesis? (coursehero.com)