• Dhori virus (DHOV) is a species of the genus Thogotovirus and a member of the family Orthomyxoviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Murine models of Dhori virus infection, which belongs to the Thogotovirus genus, demonstrate an exaggerated cytokine response, including tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1, interleukin-6, interleukin-10, macrophage inflammatory protein 1, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, and interferon (IFN). (medscape.com)
  • Of these viruses, only two have been identified in the United States: Aransas Bay virus (on the southern gulf coast of Texas), from soft ticks found in the nests of seabirds, and Bourbon virus, as a cause of human infection in Kansas and, more recently, in Missouri (although the pathogenesis remains undefined). (medscape.com)
  • Hantavirus Infection Hantaviridae are a family of enveloped single-stranded RNA viruses, which consists of at least 4 serotypes with 9 viruses causing 2 major, sometimes overlapping, clinical syndromes: Hemorrhagic. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Our recent studies identified a scavenger receptor, LDL receptor related protein 1 (Lrp1), as a potential pro-viral host factor for RVFV and related viruses, including Oropouche virus (OROV) infection. (bvsalud.org)
  • They can be further broken down into subtypes depending on the combination of the proteins on their surface (e.g. influenza A) or different lineages (e.g. influenza B). Infection with influenza viruses causes influenza disease. (who.int)
  • The epitope spreading is another main mechanism responsible for the viruses-induced immune reaction in which viral infection results in more discharge of self-antigens and novel autoreactive cells that subsequently target spared self-antigens [ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Given the increasing evidence suggesting the association between viral infection and autoimmune disorders, and controversial data on the role of viruses in dysregulation of the immune response, herein, we aim to review the current data on the immunopathogenesis of the common viruses in developing nervous system autoimmune disorders. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is caused by influenza viruses, which belong to the Orthomyxoviridae family. (onlinehealthmedia.com)
  • Human pathogens in the Orthomyxoviridae and Coronaviridae families, especially pandemic H1N1 and avian H5N1 influenza A viruses and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), were investigated. (utmb.edu)
  • Recent reports of infections in horses with Old World alphaviruses such as Middelburg virus (MIDV) and Sindbis virus (SINV) in South Africa and Ross River virus (RRV) in Australia have renewed interest in the potential of these viruses as animal pathogens. (anipedia.org)
  • Occasionally highly pathogenic viruses or human infections are detected, such as with Asian-origin highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) viruses. (geneticpcr.com)
  • As a mammalian animal model we used Hartley strain guinea pigs, which we have recently shown to be highly susceptible to infection with human influenza viruses [11]. (scienceopen.com)
  • This paper describes a novel mouse model that recreates the transition of pneumococci from asymptomatic carriage to disease upon viral infection. (lu.se)
  • It normally starts as a viral infection in the nose, trachea or lungs. (med-health.net)
  • In case that the viral infection causes asecondary infection, your doctor will run rests to figure out what sort of antibiotic should be prescribed. (med-health.net)
  • In the recent COVID-19 pandemic, many COVID-19-associated autoimmune disorder cases have drawn particular attention to the neuropathogenesis of viral infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a highly contagious viral infection that primarily affects the respiratory system. (onlinehealthmedia.com)
  • By comparing data from mutant versus wild-type virus and host strains, RNA versus protein differential expression, and infection with genetically similar strains, these data can be used to further investigate genetic and physiological determinants of host responses to viral infection. (utmb.edu)
  • The immune system can identify and remove invading pathogens and prevent infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Pneumonia is the infection of the lung parenchyma, resulting from the spread of pathogens and accompanied by the host inflammatory response. (lecturio.com)
  • DHOV is lethal to mice, causing systemic pathologic changes similar to those reported in humans with virulent influenza A (H5N1) virus infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this model, mice are first intranasally inoculated with biofilm-grown pneumococci to establish asymptomatic carriage, followed by IAV infection of both the nasopharynx and lungs. (lu.se)
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is an asymptomatic colonizer of the nasopharynx in most individuals but can progress to a pulmonary and systemic pathogen upon influenza A virus (IAV) infection. (lu.se)
  • Generally speaking, upper respiratory infections are not very severe, however, it can prompt pneumonia, which may become a huge challenge to patients who are with poor respiratory function. (med-health.net)
  • Acute respiratory infection is a genuine infection that forestalls ordinary breathing capacity. (med-health.net)
  • If the infection is not treated, it can spread to the whole respiratory framework. (med-health.net)
  • Acute respiratory infection keeps the body from getting oxygen which is very dangerous to your life. (med-health.net)
  • Additionally, acute respiratory infections are irresistible, which implies they can spread from one to another. (med-health.net)
  • The early symptoms of acute respiratory infection generally show up in nose and upper lungs. (med-health.net)
  • A mellow popular infection, including the nose and respiratory sections yet not the lungs. (med-health.net)
  • Guaifenesin, an expectorant medication, is typically taken orally to help raise mucus from the aviation routes in acute respiratory tract infections. (med-health.net)
  • If you are at risk for acute infection, you should consider taking a rest to get the confirmation, which is more important for those who have had compromised respiratory function before. (med-health.net)
  • Also, you need to drink a lot of water and eat enough nutritious foods to help recover from acute respiratory infection or prevent it. (med-health.net)
  • We present the first proteomic analysis on the cellular responses to avian influenza virus (H9N2) infection in a human cell line in different time courses in order to search for target proteins for viral pathogenesis/adaptation studies. (edu.hk)
  • For example, both seasonal and pandemic influenza can cause infections in all age groups, and most cases will result in self-limited illness in which the person recovers fully without treatment. (who.int)
  • The obtained data suggested a possible role of the cytoskeleton during avian influenza virus infection of mammalian cells, which might help for better understanding of the dynamics of avian influenza virus and host interaction in mammalian cell setting. (edu.hk)
  • These flu statistics are here to remind us that this infection is highly contagious, spreads mostly from person to person, and can lead to severe complications, including death. (healthcareers.co)
  • The syndrome shows striking similarities with human AIDS and is characterized by lymphadenopathy, profound immunosuppression, enhanced susceptibility to opportunistic infections, and B-cell lymphomas. (umassmed.edu)
  • Vacant capsids containing no viral genome therein, i.e., empty capsids, have viral early infection activities such as specific recognition of target cells, adsorption, penetration, and uncoating, but lack a viral growth activity because of having no virus-derived gene. (justia.com)
  • Definition: A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). (doctorinternet.com)
  • These data help explain pneumococcal virulence after IAV infection and have important implications for studies of S. pneumoniae pathogenesis. (lu.se)
  • By separating carriage and disease into distinct steps and providing the opportunity to analyze the genetic variants of both the pathogen and the host, this S. pneumoniae/IAV co-infection model permits the detailed examination of the interactions of an important pathobiont with the host at different phases of disease progression. (lu.se)
  • In this review, we describe the emergence, virology, geographic range and ecology, and human disease caused by BRBV and discuss potential treatments for active BRBV infections. (cdc.gov)
  • However, influenza A virus (IAV) infection releases virulent pneumococci from biofilms in vitro and in vivo. (lu.se)
  • Virus-specific CD8+ T cells express gzmB within the first 2 days of a primary response to infection with influenza, without impairment of continued primary clonal expansion. (ox.ac.uk)
  • On secondary infection, virus-specific CD8+ T cells that became EYFP+ during a primary infection clonally expand as well as all virus-specific CD8+ T cells. (ox.ac.uk)
  • RNA Virus Infections" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (musc.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "RNA Virus Infections" by people in this website by year, and whether "RNA Virus Infections" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (musc.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "RNA Virus Infections" by people in Profiles. (musc.edu)
  • Despite extensive documentation of the seasonal cycles of influenza and curiosity as to their causes, little concrete data is available to indicate why influenza virus infections peak in the wintertime. (scienceopen.com)
  • Virus contained in nasal wash samples collected on alternating days post-inoculation (p.i.) was titrated by plaque assay to determine the infection status of each animal. (scienceopen.com)
  • This program generated 47 transcriptomic and proteomic datasets from 30 studies that investigate in vivo and in vitro host responses to viral infections. (utmb.edu)
  • Organ dysfunction resulting from a dysregulated systemic host response to infection separates sepsis from uncomplicated infection. (lecturio.com)
  • Additionally, PLpro can cleave both ubiquitin and the ubiquitin-like protein ISG15 from host cell substrates as a mechanism to evade innate immune responses during infection. (bvsalud.org)
  • Since its initial discovery, several cases of BRBV infection in humans have been identified in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri. (cdc.gov)
  • In contrast, RVFV infection levels in other tissues showed no difference between the two genotypes. (bvsalud.org)
  • It usually affects the foot, hand, and legs with tissues becoming necrosed and swollen after infection. (doctorinternet.com)
  • Models of the differentiation of memory CD8+ T cells that replicate during secondary infections differ over whether such cells had acquired effector function during primary infections. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Given the significant roles of viral and host factors during infection, characterization of these interactions is critical for therapeutic targeting with neutralizing antibodies and vaccines. (bvsalud.org)
  • The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (Lrp1) is a recently identified host factor for cellular entry and infection by RVFV. (bvsalud.org)
  • The enforcement of a control strategy that is based only on the application of sanitary restrictions on farms and that involves the culling of animals that are infected, suspected of being infected or suspected of being contaminated, may not be sufficient to avoid the spread of infection, particularly in areas that have high animal densities, and thus results in mass depopulation. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • Serum samples were collected from each animal prior to infection and on day 17 p.i., and seroconversion was assessed by hemagglutination inhibition assay (results in Table S1). (scienceopen.com)
  • Definition: Any of a group of infections of fowl caused by protozoa of the genera PLASMODIUM, Leucocytozoon, and Haemoproteus. (doctorinternet.com)
  • This paper reviews possible strategies for the control of AI infections bearing in mind the new definition of AI proposed by the OIE. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • On the off chance that the infection propels, there may be high fever and chills. (med-health.net)
  • An object of the present invention is to develop and provide a method for conveniently introducing a nucleic acid, a peptide, and/or a low-molecular-weight compound into an empty capsid with viral early infection activities kept. (justia.com)
  • Upon action of a denaturant such as urea, however, the capsid disadvantageously loses its early infection activities and is thus no longer able to function as a delivery carrier. (justia.com)
  • After all, the technique of introducing drugs as substances to be delivered into empty capsids with the early infection activities of the capsids kept has not yet been established even though 7 or more years have already passed from the proposal. (justia.com)