• 10. Where a gene therapy trial involves the use of a genetically modified micro-organisms (GMM) as the therapeutic substance, and the activity constitutes contained use, the trial will be regulated under the Contained Use Regulations. (hse.gov.uk)
  • The recent developments in gene technology have led to a situation where it is possible to produce genetically modified micro-organisms (GMMs). (europa.eu)
  • The deliberate release of genetically modified micro-organisms (GMMs) (e.g. biofertilisers and biopesticides) is regulated to ensure that the risk of hazardous consequences is kept to a minimum. (europa.eu)
  • [6] [7] In 2016, a set of 355 genes from the last universal common ancestor (LUCA) of all organisms was identified. (wikipedia.org)
  • While viruses sustain no independent metabolism and thus are usually not classified as organisms, they do have their own genes , and they do evolve by mechanisms similar to the evolutionary mechanisms of organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • This DNA is then transferred into an organism, giving it modified or novel genes. (princeton.edu)
  • It is a process of taking "genes from one species and inserting them into another in an attempt to obtain a desired trait or characteristic, and this is why they are also called transgenic organism" (About GMO). (bartleby.com)
  • A GMO is an organism whose genetic make-up has been deliberately altered in a specific manner, usually by inserting a single, or a few, known genes into its genome from another organism. (irishtimes.com)
  • M. genitalium has the smallest genome of any living organism--a mere 525 genes--but even for an organism of its size, it takes that much information to account for every interaction it will undergo in its lifespan. (popsci.com)
  • But the pathogen also has the distinction of containing the smallest genome of any free-living organism - only 525 genes, as opposed to the 4,288 of E. coli , a more traditional laboratory bacterium. (stanford.edu)
  • The scientists called it a "first draft" but added that the effort was the first time an entire organism had been modeled in such detail - in this case, all of its 525 genes. (nytimes.com)
  • An elegant solution to the problems associated with the development of stable vector systems was developed using chromosomally integrated thymidilate synthase genes taken from a food grade micro-organism. (europa.eu)
  • The report from the third workshop, on monitoring methods focused on the methodology used in applying marker and reporter genes to assess the impact of environmental conditions on specific microbes and microbial communities, the presence and abundance of organisms and the metabolic activity of these organisms. (europa.eu)
  • There is a risk that it can mess up the functioning of the genes in that organism. (opednews.com)
  • This enables brilliant visualization of fine structures within your entire organism of interest. (zeiss.com)
  • STANFORD, Calif. - Scientists at Stanford University and the J. Craig Venter Institute have developed the first software simulation of an entire organism, a humble single-cell bacterium that lives in the human genital and respiratory tracts. (nytimes.com)
  • The Organism.dplyr creates an on disk sqlite database to hold data of an organism combined from an 'org' package (e.g., org.Hs.eg.db ) and a genome coordinate functionality of the 'TxDb' package (e.g. (bioconductor.org)
  • Organism name, genome and id could be specified to create sqlite database. (bioconductor.org)
  • Organism name (either Organism or common name) must be provided to create the database, if genome and/or id are not provided, most recent 'TxDb' package is used. (bioconductor.org)
  • By that criterion, they considered it one of the eukaryotes - organisms (including multicelled organisms) whose cells contain a well defined nucleus. (csmonitor.com)
  • Although prokaryotic organisms lack the organelles of eukaryotes, they can have membrane systems within their semi-rigid cell walls. (reference.com)
  • Using a photosynthetic organism of your choice, choose only ONE of the three variables (temperature, wavelength of light, or light intensity) and for this variable. (bartleby.com)
  • The toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium fundyense , is a photosynthetic plankton--a microscopic organism floating in the ocean, unable to swim against a current. (eurekalert.org)
  • Hormones from biosolids applied to fields may be present in rainfall runoff at concentrations that are high enough to impact the health of aquatic organisms if the runoff reaches streams, report scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Colorado State University in Environmental Science and Technology . (usgs.gov)
  • The occurrence of natural and synthetic hormones in streams is a growing concern because low part-per-trillion concentrations of these chemicals have caused endocrine disruption in aquatic organisms. (usgs.gov)
  • The study results could help wastewater-treatment-plant, water-resource, and wildlife managers design management practices that limit the impacts of biosolids application on streams and aquatic organisms. (usgs.gov)
  • 1991) The influence of water chemistry on trace metal bioavailability and toxicity to aquatic organisms, in Metal Ecotoxicology Concepts and Applications , (eds M.C Newman and A.W. Mcintosh), Lewis, Boca Raton, pp. 1-31. (springer.com)
  • Dagan T, Martin W (2009) Getting a better picture of microbial evolution en route to a network of genomes. (springer.com)
  • FOSS selected organisms that were non-exotic, commonly available from local and regional suppliers, and, in some cases, found in the natural environments in many regions of the country. (fossweb.com)
  • Global climate change is affecting all environments on Earth, benefiting some organisms while hurting others. (eurekalert.org)
  • Outside factors (environments) produce internal changes in organisms. (behavior.net)
  • Large colonial organisms with coordinated growth in oxygenated environments 2.1 Gyr ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria, chloroplasts, a golgi apparatus or an endoplasmic reticulum. (reference.com)
  • Single-celled organisms ocean-dwelling, called dinoflagellates, light up when disturbed. (livescience.com)
  • Most bioluminescent organisms, about 80 percent of species, live in the most vast habitat on the planet - the deep sea. (livescience.com)
  • Species were originally defined as organisms that cannot reproduce together. (behavior.net)
  • However, like all the extant species, the American cockroach has probably evolved in the last few millions to thousands of years (during the Quaternary) and is a fully modern organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] Colonial organisms are the result of many identical individuals joining together to form a colony . (wikipedia.org)
  • What Are Colonial Organisms? (reference.com)
  • Colonial organisms are actually groups of individual organisms with a close, dependent relationship with other organisms in the colony, often with each member having a very specific specialization that makes them incapable of surviving alone. (reference.com)
  • Colonial organisms benefit from their organization by having more protection or being able to catch larger prey than an individual member could. (reference.com)
  • While this description is usually applied to organisms that live attached to one another, insects, such as honey bees and ants, that live in mutually dependent colonies are also sometimes considered colonial organisms. (reference.com)
  • Some of the most complex examples of colonial organisms are siphonophores, such as the Portuguese man o' war. (reference.com)
  • These colonial organisms show a very high level of specialization in their individual members, which are known as zooids. (reference.com)
  • The Portuguese man o' war has four different types of zooids, each of which performs a particular function for the colonial organisms that the others cannot. (reference.com)
  • Information about individual organisms can also be found below. (fossweb.com)
  • They are most closely related to jellyfish and sea anemones, which are true individual organisms. (reference.com)
  • Following a discussion of the core components of evolutionary theory, we'll examine how evolutionary processes have shaped morphological, anatomical, physiological, and behavioral adaptations in organisms that solve many of life's problems, ranging from how to find or acquire food and avoid being eaten, to how to attract and locate mates, and how to optimize reproduction throughout a lifetime. (amherst.edu)
  • Arabidopsis has proven to be an ideal organism for studying plant development at the molecular, cellular, organismal and ecological levels. (els.net)
  • It exists a collection of more than 300 plasmids for C. reinhardtii and over 3000 strains what makes this organism so valuable and versatile for research all around the globe. (uni-kl.de)
  • Organisms main content. (amnh.org)
  • After a month, they examined the number and body size of various developmental stages of copepods as well as their content of fatty acids, which is crucial for the organisms' nutritional value. (eurekalert.org)
  • By encompassing the entirety of an organism in silico , the paper fulfills a longstanding goal for the field. (stanford.edu)
  • smallest free-living cells include the pleuropneumonia-like organism s (PPLOs). (britannica.com)
  • Examples of these include those organisms which vector human disease, such as rats and fleas which carry the plague disease, mosquitoes which vector malaria, and ticks which carry Lyme disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • What are the indications for organism-specific therapy for cellulitis? (medscape.com)
  • The most common offenders (beta-hemolytic streptococci, MSSA, MRSA) are discussed in Cellulitis Organism-Specific Therapy . (medscape.com)
  • These models are now in routine use around the world to study the metabolic properties of many organisms," said Bernhard O. Palsson, a professor of bioengineering at the University of California, San Diego, who added that they were used commercially to formulate commodity chemicals and biofuels . (nytimes.com)
  • If organisms evolve resistance to drugs faster than new drugs can be discovered, doctors' choices for treating infections by those organisms dwindle. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Communicable, or contagious, diseases are those transmitted from one organism to another. (britannica.com)
  • These organisms play an important role in the protection against invading pathogens and in the development of inflammatory-mediated diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • An introduction to the evolution, ecology, and behavior of organisms and how these relate to the diversity of life. (amherst.edu)
  • Cysteine protease classification will be re-examined in light of the diversity uncovered within parasitic organisms. (nih.gov)
  • With sharp, three-dimensional images you easily inspect your model organism, sort for breeding, select individuals for your experiments and accomplish micro-dissection. (zeiss.com)
  • To conduct experiments, researchers can change a variable in an organism and watch the results unfold. (popsci.com)
  • Paleontologists have reported that much of the Ediacara Biota was comprised of tubular organisms. (redorbit.com)