• In 1987, Plant Genetic Systems ( Ghent , Belgium ), founded by Marc Van Montagu and Jeff Schell , was the first company to genetically engineer insect-resistant ( tobacco ) plants by incorporating genes that produced insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). (wikipedia.org)
  • In just one region of Maharashtra province, factors linked to the cultivation of GM cotton are reported to have led to 7,992 farmer suicides between 2006 and 2011. (organicconsumers.org)
  • To qualify as organic and to be marketed as such, cotton must meet a comprehensive list of criteria governing the cultivation, processing, and segregation of the cotton. (oeko-tex.com)
  • In fact, they can be bedfellows: Her husband, Raoul Adamchak , is an organic farmer and co-author, with Ronald, of Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food . (nationalgeographic.com)
  • So, in an ideal situation, a seedless Mandarin farmer to-be would separate their intended seedless Mandarin trees from their neighbors by distance and with plants that aren't attractive to bees (maybe even plants that are repulsive to bees if any exist). (biofortified.org)
  • To certify a farm, the farmer is typically required to engage in a number of new activities, in addition to normal farming operations: Study the organic standards, which cover in specific detail what is and is not allowed for every aspect of farming, including storage, transport and sale. (wikipedia.org)
  • In most cases, the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report , launched at the Textile Exchange Sustainability Conference in Washington D.C., reveals how alternative, more sustainable cotton production is now successfully replacing GM. (organicconsumers.org)
  • One of the ministers responsible for introducing GM cotton to India was recently quoted as saying, "In the 1990s, I introduced GM cotton in India. (organicconsumers.org)
  • That is what GM cotton is doing in many countries, none more so than in India, the largest cotton producer in the world. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Today, about 70% of cotton globally is genetically altered. (oeko-tex.com)
  • While the industry can make strong arguments in favour of these cotton DNA modifications, the producers and consumers of organic cotton reject them. (oeko-tex.com)
  • They place greater value on the environmental, social, and product safety paybacks that they perceive organic cotton offers. (oeko-tex.com)
  • One major requirement is that the cotton plants cannot be genetically engineered. (oeko-tex.com)
  • With today's complex, global, multi-sourced supply chain, how can a manufacturer be confident that organic cotton products are not contaminated with non-organic cotton so that customer and consumer expectations as well as regulations are consistently met? (oeko-tex.com)
  • Organic cotton products seeking STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX┬« certification will be required to undergo GMO testing. (oeko-tex.com)
  • In order for a food to be labeled "organic" it must meet the USDA 's organic standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organic certification is a certification process for producers of organic food and other organic agricultural products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certified organic producers are also subject to the same agricultural, food safety and other government regulations that apply to non-certified producers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Organic certification addresses a growing worldwide demand for organic food. (wikipedia.org)
  • Green Buying directories for finding organic food, local food, natural and holistic products. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Nor is testing vegetables a solution, since it would make already expensive organic food astronomically expensive. (acam.org)
  • Following the passage of the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Act -that is, the phony GMO labeling bill that was approved by Congress in July-the USDA has to set a threshold for how much GM material can be in a food in order to qualify it for the GMO label. (acam.org)
  • This is all part of the Pandora's Box of GM food that has corrupted our government as well as our good supply. (acam.org)
  • Also urge the agency to protect consumers by keeping organic food truly organic. (acam.org)
  • Genetically modified food has always been a concern for many people. (bartleby.com)
  • What is genetically modified food, and is it dangerous? (bartleby.com)
  • From their experiences with organic food, they believe that the organic system can be economically practical. (bartleby.com)
  • Genetically modified (GM) plants are increasingly used for food production and industrial applications. (springer.com)
  • In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Mather's article, she explains, "Genetic modification refers to the manipulation of DNA by humans to change the essential makeup of plants and animals. (bartleby.com)
  • For organic producers, certification identifies suppliers of products approved for use in certified operations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Swiss Federal Council (government) has voted to extend the country's moratorium on genetically modified (GM) plants for a further three years beyond the current expiration date of November 2010, Dow Jones reports. (wordpress.com)
  • In 1921, Albert Howard and his wife Gabrielle Howard , accomplished botanists , founded an Institute of Plant Industry to improve traditional farming methods in India. (wikipedia.org)
  • The People's Republic of China was the first country to allow commercialized transgenic plants, introducing a virus-resistant tobacco in 1992, which was withdrawn in 1997. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ronald is a plant pathologist and geneticist-a professor at the University of California, Davis whose lab has isolated genes from rice that can resist diseases and tolerate floods. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • All this arguing about what's genetically modified is a big distraction from the really important goals," says Ronald. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Karl Haro von Mogel, a University of Wisconsin Ph.D. student who works with Pamela Ronald (the GM expert we quoted in our last post), responded with some other problems he has on this study. (agbioworld.org)
  • Plant tissue culture and deliberate mutations have enabled humans to alter the makeup of plant genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Near-term - some of your listeners may have heard about a trial of GM Camelina which is engineered to produce the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids that are present in fish oil and very good for vascular health. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • So, if we can make the plant resistant to disease by moving in genes wild relatives of potato into the cultivated potato then we could save a lot of environmental impact. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • For whatever reason, few people seem to have a problem with insulin or other lifesaving GM medicines. (nationalgeographic.com)