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  • Citric
  • Citric, lactic and succinic acid production exemplify three processes in different stages of industrial development. (nih.gov)
  • Longer chain organic acids such as citric or benzoic acids have progressively less acidifying power and require higher inclusion rates. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • Z. M. Yang, M. Sivaguru, W. J. Horst, and H. Matsumoto, "Aluminium tolerance is achieved by exudation of citric acid from roots of soybean ( Glycine max )," Physiologia Plantarum , vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 72-77, 2000. (hindawi.com)
  • J. F. Ma, S. J. Zheng, and H. Matsumoto, "Specific secretion of citric acid induced by Al stress in Cassia tora L.," Plant and Cell Physiology , vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1019-1025, 1997. (hindawi.com)
  • propionic acid
  • In this respect, propionic acid against moulds and sorbic acid against yeasts are known to be effective. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • The present study evaluated the effect of different thermal processes including pelleting (P), long-term conditioning at 85°C for 3 min (L), expanding at 110°C (E110), and 130°C for 3 to 5 s (E130) as well as organic acid (63.75% formic acid, 25.00% propionic acid, and 11.25% water) inclusion levels (0, 0.75, and 1.5%) on gastrointestinal microbiota in broilers. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • Sugars
  • As a result of this metabolic evolution, the microbial organism acquires the ability to use pentose sugars derived from cellulosic materials for its growth while retaining the original growth kinetics, the rate of organic acid production and the ability to use hexose sugars as a source of carbon. (osti.gov)
  • This invention also discloses the genetic change in the microorganism that confers the ability to use both the hexose and pentose sugars simultaneously in the production of commercially significant quantities of organic acids. (osti.gov)
  • amino
  • Following the widespread amino acid screening programs of the 1950s and early 1960s using paper and ion-exchange column chromatography, numerous amino acidemias were discovered. (springer.com)
  • However, the inborn errors detected by amino acid chromatography were limited to those with defective enzymes in the first two steps of amino acid metabolism. (springer.com)
  • In these cases, the parent amino acid or its keto analogue accumulates. (springer.com)
  • (1) After the two early steps, namely transamination and oxidative decarboxylation, most of the amino acids are metabolized to so-called "organic acids. (springer.com)
  • The parent amino acids could easily be identified by the ninhydrin reaction, and keto acids could be identified as dinitrophenylhydrozones. (springer.com)
  • Because of these technical limitations, enzymatic defects that occur at later stages of amino acid metabolism were not discovered until 1966. (springer.com)
  • J. Dancis and M. Levitz, Abnormalities of branched-chain amino acid metabolism, in "The Metabolic Basis of Inherited Disease" (J. B. Stanbury, J. B. Wyngaarden, and D. S. Fredrickson, eds. (springer.com)
  • Determination of An Unknown Amino Acid From Titration Abstract Experiment 11 used a titration curve to determine the identity of an unknown amino acid. (bartleby.com)
  • lactate
  • Whereas organic acids markedly modified bacterial composition and activity in the crop, expansion increased lactobacilli and lactate in the crop and ileum. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • Hydrochloric
  • The second part of the titration series involves titration of NaOH with Hydrochloric acid (HCL). (bartleby.com)
  • Published data on the buffering capacity of different nutrients determines that you would require 25 litres per tonne of 1 Molar Hydrochloric acid (stomach acid) to lower the pH of a typical animal feed to pH 3. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • Hydrochloric acid would be too corrosive to use in the feed mill so we would need to select the weaker and less corrosive organic acids such as formic and propionic. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • supplementation
  • Thermal treatments and organic acid supplementation to broiler diets influences the bacterial status in the crop of broilers. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • In conclusion, this study demonstrated that thermal treatments and organic acid supplementation to broiler diets more markedly influenced the bacterial status of the crop compared with the downstream segments and their effects decreased along the length of gastrointestinal tract. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • acidify
  • But sometimes they do work, so therefore these acids do not simply acidify the feed or the gut, but must have some other function. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • roles
  • Therefore, it is valuable to overview recent progress and concepts on the diverse role of organic acids in plants, even more considering the unexpected physiological roles that have been revealed in the last years for these `old known´ metabolites. (frontiersin.org)
  • Moreover
  • Moreover, shifting consumer preference towards high price, premium quality and eco-friendly cosmetic and food & beverage products is forecast to aid South America organic acid market during forecast period. (bharatbook.com)
  • metabolism
  • Organic acids play an integral role in plant primary metabolism, where they are involved in fundamental pathways such as, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, C3-, C4- and CAM-photosynthesis and the glyoxylate cycle. (frontiersin.org)
  • different
  • Figure 1 shows the most frequently used organic acids in those different groups. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • Abstract Identifying this organic acid was an extensive task that involved several different experiments. (bartleby.com)
  • Exudation of specific organic acids from different regions of the intact root system," Plant Physiology , vol. 141, no. 2, pp. 674-684, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • Researchers at the Freie Universität Berlin in Germany carried out a study to investigate the The effects of different thermal treatments and organic acid levels in feed on microbial composition and activity in gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of broilers. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • crop
  • In poultry the stomach or crop/proventriculus has a low pH, which is used as a natural defence mechanism, and this area is colonised by acid tolerant probiotics, but at a low density. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • L. V. Kochian, O. A. Hoekenga, and M. A. Piñeros, "How do crop plants tolerate acid soils? (hindawi.com)
  • chemical
  • According to South America Organic Acid Market By Type, By End Use, By Country, Competition Forecast and Opportunities, 2012 - 2026 , major players operating in South America organic acid market are Elekeiroz S.A., The Dow Chemical Company, Cargill Inc. etc. (bharatbook.com)
  • plant
  • We welcome all types of articles related to the role and involvement of organic acids in plant cellular functions, including original research papers, reviews, mini reviews, methods, commentaries, and opinions. (frontiersin.org)
  • H. R. von Uexküll E and Mutert, "Global extent, development and economic impact of acid soils," in Plant-Soil Interactions at Low PH: Principles and Management , R. A. Date, N. J. Grundon, and G. E. Raymet, Eds. (hindawi.com)