• The word meconium (derived from the Greek for "opium-like", but now used to refer to newborn stools) historically referred to related, weaker preparations made from other parts of the opium poppy or different species of poppies. (wikipedia.org)
  • A figure of the Minoan "goddess of the narcotics", wearing a crown of three opium poppies, c. 1300 BCE, was recovered from the Sanctuary of Gazi, Crete, together with a simple smoking apparatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Does Afghanistan grow more opium poppies than before 2001? (politifact.com)
  • Afghanistan has more hectares (of opium poppies) planted today than they had before we started this war. (politifact.com)
  • Opium poppies produce a key ingredient for heroin and other opioids. (politifact.com)
  • Approximately 12 percent of opium is made up of the analgesic alkaloid morphine, which is processed chemically to produce heroin and other synthetic opioids for medicinal use and for the illegal drug trade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meth boom adds to Afghanistan's opium and heroin woes. (asianage.com)
  • Afghanistan continues to account for 90 percent of the world's illicit opium and heroin production, and its neighbors for 60 percent of the global consumption. (rferl.org)
  • Leggett says being a country along the major transit routes for Afghan opium and heroin does not, in itself, imply higher drug-consumption levels. (rferl.org)
  • But in contrast to its high opium consumption levels, and despite its proximity to the world's largest heroin producer, the UNODC says official reports indicate that heroin consumption is relatively low in Iran -- which has an estimated 391,000 heroin users. (rferl.org)
  • A Kannapolis woman was charged Monday with two counts of obtaining property by false pretense and two counts of trafficking opium or heroin. (salisburypost.com)
  • By far Afghanistan's largest illicit economic activity, opium production and its processing into heroin brings many problems for the country, including adverse effects on governance and the rule of law, as well as a growing drug use problem among Afghans. (usip.org)
  • US envoy to Pakistan and Afghanistan Richard Holbrooke told members of the G-8 group of industrialized nations Saturday that attempting to quash the opium and heroin trade through eradication was counterproductive and bad policy. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • The Taliban insurgents are estimated to earn tens or even hundreds of millions of dollars a year from the opium and heroin trade, which generates multiple streams of income for them. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • Taliban commanders tax poppy farmers in areas under their control, provide security for drug convoys, and sell opium and heroin through smuggling networks that reach around the globe. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • The UN's new 'World Drug Report 2010' shows that while Afghanistan remains the world's largest opium producer, it is neighboring countries like Iran, Pakistan, and the former Soviet republics of Central Asia where a majority of the world's opium is consumed. (rferl.org)
  • Afghanistan remains the world's top opium poppy producer, despite the billions of dollars America has put into the country. (politifact.com)
  • According to the U.N., most of the opium comes from Afghanistan's southern provinces. (politifact.com)
  • This Peace Brief reflects both authors' concern that a search for simplistic, one-dimensional solutions to Afghanistan's opium problem would backfire. (usip.org)
  • But there are no silver bullets- simplistic, one-dimensional remedies-for Afghanistan's opium problem. (usip.org)
  • KABUL, Afghanistan, Dec. 31 (UPI) -- Roadside bombings and abductions in Afghanistan jumped in 2008 but the U.S. envoy there says opium poppy cultivation declined during the year. (upi.com)
  • In the fight against narcotics trade in Afghanistan which finances the militants, Wood said there has been a nearly 20 percent decline this year in the processing and cultivation of opium, the report said. (upi.com)
  • The Council proposes licensing poppy production in Afghanistan, within an integrated control system supported by the Afghan government and its international allies, in order to promote economic growth in the country, create vital drugs and combat poverty and the diversion of illegal opium to drug traffickers and terrorist elements. (bionity.com)
  • Opium production continues to increase in Afghanistan, but there are no easy, one-dimensional solutions to this problem. (usip.org)
  • Afghanistan unfortunately will not be able to join the small group of countries that produce licit opium for medicinal purposes. (usip.org)
  • The proposal that Afghanistan could shift to licensed production of opium for pain medications will not work. (usip.org)
  • Due to severe problems with governance, rule of law and security, opium licensing in Afghanistan would be subject to extremely high leakages. (usip.org)
  • Afghanistan is a high-cost producer of opium, and prices for licensed opium are much lower than on the illegal market, so profits might well be marginal or even negative. (usip.org)
  • David Mansfield is an independent researcher who has conducted in-depth field research in rural Afghanistan for seventeen consecutive years and has produced numerous publications on the opium economy and related topics. (usip.org)
  • Opium consumption causes cancers of the larynx, lung, and urinary bladder. (who.int)
  • However, even this was not good enough and Sassoon demanded the right to sell opium throughout the nation. (fourwinds10.com)
  • Experience YSL Black Opium, the rock couture fragrance for women by Yves Saint Laurent. (harveynichols.com)
  • Fast forward to 2014, and Opium's legacy continues to dazzle: Yves Saint Laurent Beauty unveils Black Opium, re-inventing desire in a new, contemporary light, reshaped for the modern woman. (harveynichols.com)
  • The Black Opium woman is embodied by YSL Beauty muse Zoë Kravitz. (harveynichols.com)
  • The original Black Opium Eau de Parfum. (harveynichols.com)
  • The Black Opium bottle is decorated with black glitter, as if dressed in sequins. (harveynichols.com)
  • Discover the YSL Black Opium fragrance wardrobe and indulge yourself or treat others to a YSL Black Opium gift. (harveynichols.com)
  • A zesty take on the Black Opium signature. (harveynichols.com)
  • The Black Opium signature taken to the next level. (harveynichols.com)
  • Black Opium Le Parfum. (harveynichols.com)
  • Black Opium, at its most luxurious. (harveynichols.com)
  • In 1977 Yves Saint Laurent introduces Opium: a boundary-pushing perfume. (harveynichols.com)
  • Widespread medical use of unprocessed opium continued through the American Civil War before giving way to morphine and its successors, which could be injected at a precisely controlled dosage. (wikipedia.org)
  • The opium poppy , Papaver somniferum , is the type of poppy from which opium and all refined opiates such as morphine , thebaine , codeine , papaverine , and noscapine are extracted. (bionity.com)
  • In both India and Turkey, opium production is used for medicinal purposes, making poppy-based drugs, such as morphine or codeine, for domestic use or exporting raw poppy materials to other countries. (bionity.com)
  • However, there is an acute global shortage of opium poppy-based medicines some of which (morphine) are on the World Health Organisation 's list of essential drugs as they are the most effective way of relieving severe pain. (bionity.com)
  • The United States army posts have been invaded, and thousands of the wearers of our country's uniform are users of opium, morphine, and cocaine. (druglibrary.net)
  • This company produced morphine, codeine, synthetic and semisynthetic narcotics from the raw materials gum opium and poppy straw concentrate. (cdc.gov)
  • Radical measures, such as massive eradication of opium poppy fields, either ground-based or through aerial chemical spraying, at one extreme or legalization of opium at the other, will not work, are likely to be counterproductive in the country's fragile economic and political environment and could lead to worse outcomes than the problem they are meant to address. (usip.org)
  • Britain and US are at odds over opium field eradication plans. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • The Toronto Sun is reporting that the oh-so-colourful councillor claims opium dens are operating out of city-licensed massage parlours. (torontolife.com)
  • I had taken scores of friends to opium dens on slumming parties, but had never touched a pipe nor been tempted to do so. (druglibrary.net)
  • The Egyptians cultivated opium thebaicum in famous poppy fields around 1300 BCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • World Drug Report 2010' says a large volume of opium is consumed by people in Iran -- about 40 percent of all global opium consumption. (rferl.org)
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is pleased to announce that the IARC Monographs volume on opium consumption is now available online. (who.int)
  • The Working Group evaluated opium consumption as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1) on the basis of sufficient evidence of cancer in humans. (who.int)
  • There is also limited evidence that opium consumption causes cancers of the oesophagus, pancreas, pharynx, and stomach. (who.int)
  • The Group 1 classification applies to all types of opium preparation and methods of consumption, but not to opium derivatives and opioids, which were not evaluated by the Working Group. (who.int)
  • The International Monetary Fund reported that in 2004, opium exports were equal to half of the country's non-opium GDP. (politifact.com)
  • Opium (or poppy tears, scientific name: Lachryma papaveris) is dried latex obtained from the seed capsules of the opium poppy Papaver somniferum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papaver somniferum Paeoniflorum Group (sometimes called Papaver paeoniflorum ) is a sub-type of opium poppy whose flowers are highly double, and are grown in many colors. (bionity.com)
  • Papaver somniferum Laciniatum Group (sometimes called Papaver laciniatum ) is a sub-type of opium poppy whose flowers are highly double and deeply lobed, to the point of looking like a ruffly pompon. (bionity.com)
  • Opium, an addictive narcotic drug, is produced from the poppy plant ( Papaver somniferum) and can be consumed as a variety of preparations, either by smoking or by ingestion. (who.int)
  • In India, Iran and Turkey opium poppy is known as Khaskhas or Haşhaş (pronounced: "Hashhash" or in Persian: "Khash Khaash") and is considered a highly nutritious food item, mostly added in dough while baking bread, highly recommended for pregnant women and new mothers. (bionity.com)
  • Background and objectives: We undertook this study to estimate the number of cancer cases that could be prevented through decreasing the prevalence of opium use by 2035 in Iran, where 40% of the world opium is consumed. (who.int)
  • Methods: The projection of the population attributable fraction (PAF) of cancers due to opium use was calculated using four data sources including (i) national cancer incidence, (ii) age- and gender-specific prevalence of opium use, (iii) relative risk of cancers associated with opium use, and (iv) annual percentage change in the incidence rates of cancers in Iran. (who.int)
  • Results: We estimated until 2035 a total of 3,001,421 new cancer cases will be diagnosed in Iran, with 905,207 (30.1%) of these being opium-related cancers. (who.int)
  • From the earliest finds, opium has appeared to have ritual significance, and anthropologists have speculated ancient priests may have used the drug as a proof of healing power. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the earliest known evidence of human opium use, according to a statement released on Tuesday by Tel Aviv University, the Weizmann Institute of Science and the Israel Antiquities Authority. (towleroad.com)
  • In a brief time the British government granted Sassoon 'monopoly rights' to all manufacture of cotton goods, silk and most important of all - Opium - then the most addictive drug in the world! (fourwinds10.com)
  • The Chinese Army, decimated by 10 years of rampant opium addiction, proved no match for the British Army. (fourwinds10.com)
  • Of course, a police inspector says the force is unaware of an opium den boom and that Mammoliti has not contacted them. (torontolife.com)
  • With large increases in Afghan opium cultivation and production in 2013 and 2014, there is a risk that resulting frustration may give rise to a search for extreme but unproductive solutions. (usip.org)
  • There is a risk that frustrated reactions in the international community to repeated increases in opium cultivation will give rise to a search for extreme solutions. (usip.org)
  • Few people in the United States realize the extent to which opium and kindred drugs are being used to-day in this country. (druglibrary.net)
  • Opium Garden becomes a sanctuary of music-TRPY is both Therapy and TRipPY. (visitdublin.com)
  • Opium was also mentioned after the Persian conquest of Assyria and Babylonian lands in the 6th century BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persian opium policy in the pre-war period. (archive.org)
  • Post-war efforts to control domestic opium--Persian opium and League control. (archive.org)
  • Annexes: Persian policy of opium restriction. (archive.org)
  • Tablets found at Nippur, a Sumerian spiritual center south of Baghdad, described the collection of poppy juice in the morning and its use in production of opium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Opium production continued under the Babylonians and Egyptians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Afghan opium cultivation and production has increased sharply since 2012, with further increases expected in coming years. (usip.org)
  • Opium is mentioned in the most important medical texts of the ancient and medieval world, including the Ebers Papyrus and the writings of Dioscorides, Galen, and Avicenna. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1100 BCE, opium was cultivated on Cyprus, where surgical-quality knives were used to score the poppy pods, and opium was cultivated, traded, and smoked. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vessels, some of which were made in Cyprus and some locally, resembled an opium poppy capsule in shape, according to the statement. (towleroad.com)
  • Israeli researchers have found traces of opium in ceramic vessels in an ancient burial site dating back some 3,500 years. (towleroad.com)
  • For five years I have been a smoker of opium. (druglibrary.net)
  • Evidence from ancient Greece indicates that opium was consumed in several ways, including inhalation of vapors, suppositories, medical poultices, and as a combination with hemlock for suicide. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, although there are an estimated 4 million opium users worldwide, the UNODC says most usage is concentrated in Asia where there has been a long tradition of use compared to the West. (rferl.org)
  • According to the committee reports, 9.8 kg of raw opium worth 14.7 million kyats (about $7,000) was seized from a passenger vehicle that was going from Mandalay to Katha in Sagaing region on Wednesday. (thestar.com.my)
  • Thus, China not only had to pay Sassoon the cost of his dumped opium but reimburse England an unheard sum of 21 million pounds for the cost of the war! (fourwinds10.com)
  • In the new 'Peace Treaty' of Oct.25, 1860, the British were assigned rights to vastly expanded opium trade covering seven-eights of China, which brought in over 20 million pounds in 1864 alone. (fourwinds10.com)
  • Opium is consumed in minimally processed form by approximately 5 million people worldwide. (who.int)
  • The United States buys 80 percent of its medicinal opium from these two countries. (bionity.com)
  • Between 1830 - 1831 they trafficked 18,956 chests of opium earning millions of dollars. (fourwinds10.com)
  • YANGON: Myanmar's authorities have seized 240,000 stimulant tablets and 9.8 kilograms of raw opium in the central regions of Myanmar, said a release by the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC) on Thursday (Feb 15). (thestar.com.my)
  • Опиум (Opium in English) is the third released single by Russian girl group Serebro. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although China reportedly consumed an extraordinary amount of opium a century ago, opium use in China now appears to be much more limited. (rferl.org)
  • The ceramic vessels containing opium were found during excavations at Tel Yehud, near Tel Aviv, where Canaanite tombs dating back to the 14th century BC are located. (towleroad.com)
  • By weight, users in those nearby countries consume more than twice as much opium per year as the as the rest of the world, at 600 tons to 340 tons. (rferl.org)
  • The opium it currently produces is both illegal and high-cost. (usip.org)
  • Thus, the Opium Wars began with the British Army fighting as mercenaries of the Sassoons. (fourwinds10.com)
  • A general view of a vessel found during excavations at Tel Yehud, where Israeli researchers discovered 3,500 year-old traces of opium inside ceramic vessels at an ancient burial site. (towleroad.com)
  • The number of potentially preventable cancer cases in each opium prevalence scenario was calculated by subtracting the numbers of attributable cancers in each year of the study period based on current prevalence of opium use from the number of attributable cancers in the alternative scenarios in that specific year. (who.int)
  • Rothschilds of The Far East,' and their monopoly over the opium trade. (fourwinds10.com)
  • The Jewish Encyclopedia of 1905, states that Sassoon expanded his opium trade into China and Japan. (fourwinds10.com)
  • In Ethi- novelty and reached the odd newspaper headline pri- opia, so far, a total of 492,848 cases were con- or to its identification as a global pandemic by the firmed with over 7,571 deaths [4]. (who.int)
  • The Western policies against the opium crop, the poppy crop, have been a failure. (stopthedrugwar.org)
  • Our results highlight the significant benefits that can be achieved through effective cancer prevention policies targeting opium use in the Iranian population. (who.int)
  • Opium was used with poison hemlock to put people quickly and painlessly to death. (wikipedia.org)
  • He named the Commissioner of Canton, Lin Tse-hsu, to lead a campaign against opium. (fourwinds10.com)
  • among women = 1.2%), using opium will lead to the development of 111,150 new cancer cases (3.9% of all cancers) by 2035. (who.int)
  • These problems more than offset the short-term financial benefits for rural households cultivating opium poppy and the stimulus opium provides to demand in a weak economy. (usip.org)
  • We must demand the admission of opium into interior China as an article of lawful commerce and increase the indemnity payments and British access to several additional Chinese ports. (fourwinds10.com)
  • But in a startling departure from decades of US anti-drug policy, eradicating Helmand's massive opium poppy crop will not be part of their larger mission. (stopthedrugwar.org)