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  • vaccines
  • More importantly, tumor antigens can be used in cancer therapy as tumor antigen vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, while vaccines have proven to be effective in combating pathogenic microorganisms, based on the immune recognition of these foreign antigens, vaccines aimed at inducing effective antitumor activity are still unsatisfactory. (asm.org)
  • This review aims to describe the vast spectrum of tumor antigens and strategies to develop cancer vaccines. (asm.org)
  • In this context, considering the disappointing results up to now, the quest for specific and selective tumor antigens for developing tumor-specific cancer vaccines, optimal delivery systems (i.e., dendritic cell [DC]-based vaccines), adjuvants, and strategies to overcome immune tolerance and regulatory T (Treg) cell responses is the main goal for several research groups and leading health care companies. (asm.org)
  • serum
  • Some oncofetal markers may cross the placenta and circulate in maternal serum in a concentration higher that in the non - pregnant female (i.e. (spotidoc.com)
  • immune system
  • In addition, many of acquired nonself surfaces e.g. carcinoembryonic/oncofetal type neoantigens carrying "internal danger source"/"self turned nonself" type pathogen pattern are also identified and destroyed (e.g. by complement fixation or other cytotoxic attacks) or sequestered (phagocytosed or ensheathed) by the immune system by virtue of the CLRs. (wikipedia.org)
  • erythrocytes
  • the antigens found on dog erythrocytes and used to distinguish different blood groups in the species. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • heterophil antigen occurring in various unrelated species, mainly in the organs but not in the erythrocytes (guinea pig, horse), but sometimes only in the erythrocytes (sheep), and occasionally in both (chicken). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • distinguish
  • CD antigen any of a number of cell-surface markers expressed by leukocytes and used to distinguish cell lineages, developmental stages, and functional subsets. (thefreedictionary.com)