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  • ziconotide
  • ω-Conotoxins Cadmium Caroverine Cilnidipine Gabapentin Levetiracetam Lamotrigine Nicardipine NP078585 Pregabalin TROX-1 Ziconotide The N-type calcium channel when mutated can lead to problems in its function, and can also lead to clinical problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • target
  • Many of these conotoxins have been used to gain further information about their target, either at the pharmacological, physiological or structural level. (mdpi.com)
  • variety
  • These polypeptides known as conopeptides or conotoxins act selectively at a wide variety of ion channels and receptors in their prey, as well as in mammals. (mdpi.com)
  • Toxins
  • Toxins such as alpha-bungarotoxin and omega-conotoxins, among others, have been successfully used to characterise neuronal nicotinic receptors and voltage-dependent calcium channels, respectively, in human small-cell lung carcinoma cells. (ox.ac.uk)
  • five
  • The number of conotoxins whose activities have been determined so far is five, and they are called the α(alpha)-, δ(delta)-, κ(kappa)-, μ(mu)-, and ω(omega)- types. (wikipedia.org)