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  • proteins
  • The BL1638 to BL1640 genes were annotated to encode component proteins of an ATP-binding-cassette-type sugar transporter. (asm.org)
  • In addition, analysis of the coordinate expression patterns indicated that transport proteins and hypothetical proteins may play a role in bacteria processing lignocellulose. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Several chromosomal loci reflect potential adaptation to the infant host including a 43 kbp cluster encoding catabolic genes, extracellular solute binding proteins and permeases predicted to be active on milk oligosaccharides. (pnas.org)
  • Also several other Tannerella proteins are modified with the S‑layer oligosaccharide, indicating the presence of a general O ‑glycosylation system. (mdpi.com)
  • maltose
  • of a variety of carbohydrates, e.g., milk and cane sugars, maltose, cellulose, or glycogen, but it is usually manufactured by hydrolysis of cornstarch cornstarch, material made by pulverizing the ground, dried residue of corn grains after preparatory soaking and the removal of the embryo and the outer covering. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • phosphate
  • The enzyme specifically phosphorolyzes galacto- N -biose (Galβ1→3GalNAc) (GNB) and lacto- N -biose I (Galβ1→3GlcNAc) (LNB) to yield α- d -galactose 1-phosphate (Gal1 P ) and the corresponding N -acetylhexosamine, suggesting that this enzyme might play a key role in metabolizing mucin sugars ( 8 ). (asm.org)
  • In the phosphorylative pathways, the sugar is first converted to a phosphate ester (phosphorylated) in a reaction with ATP. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A novel bifunctional enzyme, L-rhamnulose-phosphate aldolase (RhaE) fused to L-lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (RhaW), which is not homologous to previously characterized L-Rha catabolic enzymes, was identified in diverse bacteria including Chloroflexi, Bacilli, and Alphaproteobacteria. (frontiersin.org)
  • lignin
  • The prehydrolysate produced from wood also contained toxins, primarily lignin and sugar degradation products, which strongly inhibited the microbial and the enzymatic reactions. (ncsu.edu)
  • human milk
  • Interestingly, these human milk oligosaccharide (HMO) structures possess a vast combinatorial potential, as they incorporate 5 carbohydrate monomers via 13 possible glycosidic linkages to assemble molecules containing 3 to 32 units. (pnas.org)
  • Accordingly, we have previously demonstrated that select bifidobacterial phylotypes use specific oligosaccharides ubiquitous in human milk and secreted early in the lactation cycle ( supporting information (SI) Fig. S1 ) ( 9 , 10 ). (pnas.org)
  • substances
  • Eating substances rich with these probiotics is a sort of home remedy for diarrhea, vaginitis, and yeast infections because it promotes the growth of these as opposed to other bacteria. (kenyon.edu)
  • Chemically-different substances may also have a sweet taste, but are not classified as sugars. (worldebooklibrary.org)
  • transporters
  • ATP-binding cassette transporters in bacteria. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Sugar-specific transport roles are suggested, based on expression comparisons, for various transporters of the PTS, the ABC superfamily and members of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS), including the GntP symporter family and the glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide (GPH)-cation symporter family. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • consumption
  • Numerous studies have been undertaken to try to clarify the position, but with varying results, mainly because of the difficulty of finding populations for use as controls that do not consume, or are largely free of any sugar consumption. (worldebooklibrary.org)
  • Excessive consumption of sugar has been implicated in the onset of obesity , diabetes , cardiovascular disease , dementia , and tooth decay . (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • The mechanisms of transport of sugars across cell membranes and tissues are not yet understood, but they appear to be highly specific for different sugars and to depend on enzymelike components of the cells. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Sugars are found in the tissues of most plants, but are only present in sufficient concentrations for efficient extraction in sugarcane and sugar beet . (worldebooklibrary.org)
  • Sugars are found in the tissues of most plants, but are especially concentrated in sugarcane and sugar beet , making them ideal for efficient commercial extraction to make refined sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • novel
  • Characterization of novel marine oligotrophic bacteria isolated from the Pacific Ocean : description of Marinivirgula fluito gen. nov., sp. (oregonstate.edu)