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  • tract
  • We found CTB-labeled cell bodies in several forebrain sites including the bed nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract, the rostral portion of the medial amygdala (MeA) and the posteromedial cortical nucleus of the amygdala. (nih.gov)
  • neuropils
  • In most neopteran insects (those insects possessing wings that bend over the abdomen), parallel fibers provide systems of dendrites that form a distal cap- or cup-like domain called the calyx that receives afferents from olfactory neuropils and, in many species, from the optic lobes and gustatory centers as well. (elifesciences.org)
  • mice
  • Moreover, based on acoustic cues, olfactory signals have significant effects on mate choice in mice, suggesting mate choice involves multisensory integration. (frontiersin.org)
  • cortex
  • Lewy bodies are deposits of abnormal protein in the brain that interfere with brain cell communication and may occur in several areas of the brain such as the cerebral cortex, limbic cortex, hippocampus, midbrain, brainstem, and the olfactory pathways. (medicinenet.com)
  • physiology
  • It is a key structural component of a great number of proteins, and a co-factor of more than 300 enzymes that regulate a variety of cellular processes and cellular signaling pathways essential for both brain and systemic physiology ( Takeda, 2000 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • calyx
  • Additional characters conventionally attributed to mushroom bodies include the presence of inhibitory feedback pathways from proximal to more distal levels of the lobes and calyx ( Leitch and Laurent, 1996 ). (elifesciences.org)
  • We particularly asked how size-related division of labour in polymorphic workers is reflected in volume and total numbers of MG in olfactory calyx subregions. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Converge
  • In particular, it focuses on how different signalling pathways converge and are used repeatedly to impart distinct fates. (stembook.org)
  • regenerate
  • This means that unlike receptive cells associated with other special senses (vision and hearing for example), cells associated with receiving olfactory information can regenerate throughout life. (kenhub.com)
  • trigeminal
  • The olfactory (yellow), lens (blue), trigeminal (green), otic (purple) and epibranchial (orange) placodes locate to characteristic positions here shown in a side view of a 3-day-old chick embryo. (stembook.org)
  • targets
  • cAMP targets an olfactory-specific cyclic-nucleotide gated ion channel (CNG), allowing cations, particularly Na and Ca, to flow down their electrochemical gradients into the cell, depolarizing the ORN. (genome.jp)
  • brains
  • By visualizing cells and pathways within the brains of mantis shrimps, and also a number of closely related species, Wolff et al. (elifesciences.org)
  • signals
  • Main olfactory-MeA-AOB signaling may motivate approach behaviour to opposite-sex pheromonal signals that ensure successful reproduction. (nih.gov)