Loading...
  • mammalian
  • The mammalian olfactory system processes odorants presented orthonasally (inhalation through the nose) and also retronasally (exhalation), enabling identification of both external as well as internal objects during food consumption. (frontiersin.org)
  • rats
  • Recent work indicates that rats can also detect odors retronasally, that rats can associate retronasal odors with tastes, and that their olfactory bulbs (OBs) can respond to retronasal odorants but differently than to orthonasal odors. (frontiersin.org)
  • receptor
  • Vagally-induced bronchoconstriction Mediating olfactory behaviors (e.g. aggression, mating) A structural homolog of M1 receptor is expressed in unicellular eukaryotes, such as Acanthamoeba castellanii. (wikipedia.org)
  • Copper has been shown to be required by a specific mouse olfactory receptor, MOR244-3, which is highly responsive to MTMT as well as to various other thiols and related compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • nasal
  • Despite the relatively protected location of the olfactory bulb in the human brain (which is on the bottom of the brain), many common ailments can effect the olfactory bulb, such as upper-respiratory tract infections, head trauma, and nasal or sinus diseases. (wisegeek.com)
  • neuronal
  • In addition, we set up simple olfactory network models, discussing the influence of ring-like and grid-like neuronal networks of GCs on the synchronization of two MCs. (hindawi.com)
  • sense of sm
  • The olfactory bulb (bulbus olfactorius) is a neural structure of the vertebrate forebrain involved in olfaction, the sense of smell. (wikipedia.org)
  • In animals with a strong sense of smell, the olfactory bulb is relatively large. (wisegeek.com)
  • For example, someone who has lost his or her sense of smell due to injury or disease might have a smaller olfactory area than average. (wisegeek.com)
  • uniqturtl - from what I've read, about 2 million people have anosmia, or lack of smell but I don't know if that means that they have no sense of smell due to illness, disease or injury or if they were born without the function of the olfactory bulb in their brain or possibly, without an olfactory bulb at all. (wisegeek.com)
  • I understand that due to disease that the olfactory bulb can shrink, thus reducing the sense of smell. (wisegeek.com)
  • similar odorants
  • A second (not necessarily exclusive) hypothesis is the idea of decorrelation in the olfactory bulb network, where the olfactory bulb network acts as a dynamical system whose action over time increases some (abstract) measure of distance between representations of highly similar odorants. (wikipedia.org)
  • spikes
  • On the concept of many-are-equal (MAE), Brody and Hopfield [ 6 ] further checked that olfactory system can identify odour by the synchronization of spikes of MCs. (hindawi.com)