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  • ecosystems
  • Sea-ice ecosystems in the seawater and on the ocean floor will also be a focus of investigations. (enn.com)
  • We support the creation of an enabling policy environment for ocean restoration and protection through the development and delivery of ocean, coastal and linked watershed management strategic planning tools and methodologies at all scales, from Large Marine Ecosystems to SIDS. (undp.org)
  • acidification
  • If we can achieve the Paris climate agreement leading to sizeable reductions in CO 2 emissions, we will in turn make substantial progress on Target 14.2 - minimize and address ocean acidification. (undp.org)
  • The shells of tiny sea snails called pteropods, or "sea butterflies", are dissolving thanks to the acidification of sea water brought about to increasing levels of CO 2 in the ocean, according to researchers from the British Antarctic Survey BAS). (theregister.co.uk)
  • BAS says "as a result of the additional influence of ocean acidification, this corrosive water severely dissolved the shells of pteropods. (theregister.co.uk)
  • BAS science cruise leader and a co-author of the paper, Dr Geraint Tarling, says "upwelling sites are natural phenomena that occur throughout the Southern Ocean" but adds his belief that "instances where they bring the 'saturation horizon' above 200m will become more frequent as ocean acidification intensifies in the coming years. (theregister.co.uk)
  • water
  • In addition, oceanographers have found a particularly high concentration of melt-water in the ocean and a large number of melt-ponds. (enn.com)
  • an area of upwelling, where winds cause cold water to be pushed upwards from the deep to the surface of the ocean. (theregister.co.uk)
  • A "saturation horizon" of 1000 metres is usually the depth at which ocean water becomes sufficiently corrosive to damage pteropod shells, but the sample taken by researchers came from just 200 metres down reached the same level of acidity. (theregister.co.uk)
  • In turn, this will increase wind-driven upwelling and potentially make instances of deep water - which is under-saturated in aragonite - penetrating into the upper ocean more frequent. (theregister.co.uk)
  • Between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, a thin stretch of water known as the Red Sea has been joined with the Mediterranean by the Suez Canal. (reference.com)
  • winds
  • This led to suppression of sea level rise during the 1990s and early 2000s, but now we are seeing the winds amplify sea level rise by increasing the amount of ocean heat brought into the region. (phys.org)
  • Quite how he can make that prediction isn't made clear, but another co-author, The University of East Anglia's Dr Dorothee Bakker, says "Climate models project a continued intensification in Southern Ocean winds throughout the 21st century if atmospheric carbon dioxide continues to increase. (theregister.co.uk)
  • marine
  • These are the initial results from the latest Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association lead expedition to the North Polar Sea. (enn.com)
  • In September 2015, the international community adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals , including Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development . (undp.org)
  • previous
  • This represents a stark contrast to the previous decade, when the region experienced very little sea level rise at all. (phys.org)
  • Changes
  • This analysis underscores that achieving SDG14 is extremely ambitious and in several cases achieving its targets requires transformational changes in ocean management and governance, at all levels. (undp.org)
  • researchers
  • We are in the midst of phase of dramatic change in the Arctic, and the International Polar Year 2007/08 offers us a unique opportunity to study this dwindling ocean in collaboration with international researchers" said Schauer. (enn.com)
  • System
  • It is the only operational, large-scale ocean data assimilation system that uses the ensemble Kalman filter. (ocean-sci.net)
  • We find that the ensemble spread for temperature and sea-level remains fairly constant throughout the reanalysis demonstrating that the data assimilation system is robust to ensemble collapse. (ocean-sci.net)
  • found
  • Amongst other things, they have found out that not only the ocean currents are changing, but community structures in the Arctic are also altering. (enn.com)
  • lies
  • Answer to question 9: Antarctica -- Question 10: Which sea lies between the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • rise
  • This has a net cooling effect on the ocean, leading to the suppression of sea level rise. (phys.org)
  • How did small-scale societies in the past experience and respond to sea-level rise? (tradebit.com)
  • areas
  • Bremerhaven - Large areas of the Arctic sea-ice are only one metre thick this year, equating to an approximate 50 percent thinning as compared to the year 2001. (enn.com)
  • to carry out research on the sea-ice areas in the central Arctic. (enn.com)
  • additional
  • to achieve 10 percent, we need to place an additional 1.3 percent of the ocean area under MPA per year thru 2020. (undp.org)
  • main
  • Tectonic forces are pulling much of East Africa away from the main continent there, and have already separated India and sent it across the ocean to collide with Asia. (reference.com)