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  • 2016
  • Gudnadóttir TA, Bateman BT, Hernádez-Díaz S, Luque-Fernandez MA, Valdimarsdottir U, Zoega H (2016) Body Mass Index, Smoking and Hypertensive Disorders during Pregnancy: A Population Based Case-Control Study. (plos.org)
  • As of 31 December 2016, Turkish population is 79,814,871 of which %23.7 are between 0-14, %68 are between 15-64 and %8.3 are older than 65 years old. (wikipedia.org)
  • METHODS
  • Methods and analysis Children aged 6-17 years who are overweight or obese (based on the WHO growth criteria) will be randomly assigned to receive GNN or placebo (maltodextrin) (both at a dose of 3 g/day) for 3 months and will be followed-up for 3 months. (bmj.com)
  • Other methods used in estimating the ideal body weight are body mass index and the Hamwi method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrostatic weighing Considered one of the more accurate methods of measuring body fat, this technique involves complete submersion of a person in water, with special equipment to measure the person's weight while submerged. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • Note: The 1999-2002 NHANES estimates were age-standardized to the 2004 CCHS population. (gc.ca)
  • The effect estimates for hypertensive disorders with high body mass index appeared more pronounced among smokers than non-smokers, although the observed difference was not statistically significant. (plos.org)
  • It estimates that by the year 2015, 2.3 billion people will be overweight and 700 million will be obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies that employ strategies to reduce reverse causation such as excluding sick individuals at baseline and introducing time lag to exclude deaths at the beginning of follow-up have yielded estimates of increased risk for body mass indices above 25 kg/m2. (wikipedia.org)
  • one's
  • The letters informed the parents of the effects that being overweight have on one's health and requested that parents consult a family doctor or attend a free health session. (wikipedia.org)
  • Roughly
  • Roughly speaking, an adult male is considered overweight when his body weight exceeds the maximum desirable weight for his height, and obese when his body weight is 20% or more over this desirable weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • However, as the age at which people become obese continues to get younger, we wanted to know how living longer with obesity affects people. (purdue.edu)
  • As more young people become obese, we may anticipate accumulated health problems by the time they are 40. (purdue.edu)
  • Other research evaluating obesity and hospitalization has typically assessed short-term effects only, such as whether obese people are more likely to go to the hospital in the course of a year," said Schafer, who is in his third year of the dual-title doctoral program in sociology and gerontology. (purdue.edu)
  • This month's study shows that people who lived longer as obese stayed in the hospital from a half to one day more than people of average weight. (purdue.edu)
  • It has a population of 107,122 people, of whom 70% reside on the main island of Tongatapu. (wikipedia.org)
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2005, the World Health Organization measured that 1.6 billion people were overweight and 400 million were obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other factors beside energy balance that may contribute to gaining weight include: A study, involving more than 12,000 people tracked over 32 years, found that social networks play a surprisingly powerful role in determining an individual's chances of gaining weight, transmitting an increased risk of becoming obese from wives to husbands, from brothers to brothers and from friends to friends. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body volume index The body volume index (BVI) was devised in 2000 as a computer, rather than manual, measurement of the human body for obesity and an alternative to the BMI BVI uses 3D software to create an accurate image of a person so BVI can differentiate between people with the same BMI rating, but who have a different shape and different weight distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method can be reasonably accurate for many people, but it assumes particular fat distribution patterns over the body-which may not apply to all individuals, and does not account for fat deposits not directly under the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • It further postulates that normal to low body mass index or normal values of cholesterol may be detrimental and associated with higher mortality in asymptomatic people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The obesity paradox (excluding cholesterol paradox) was first described in 1999 in overweight and obese people undergoing hemodialysis, and has subsequently been found in those with heart failure, myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, older nursing home residents, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (wikipedia.org)
  • In people with heart failure, those with a body mass index between 30.0-34.9 had lower mortality than those with what would normally be considered an ideal weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • One study found that the improved survival could be explained by the more aggressive treatment obese people receive after a cardiac event. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Overweight and obese women had a higher risk of excessive GWG and delivery by c-section. (hindawi.com)
  • A cross-sectional population study also confirmed the relationship between obesity and CDH and suggested that obesity was a risk factor for transforming from EM to CM [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Overweight and Obesity pose the fifth leading risk for global deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanism responsible for this reversed association is unknown, but it has been suggested that, in chronic kidney disease patients, "The common occurrence of persistent inflammation and protein energy wasting in advanced CKD [chronic kidney disease] seems to a large extent to account for this paradoxical association between traditional risk factors and CV outcomes in this patient population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since smokers, who are subject to higher mortality rates, also tend to be leaner, inadequate adjustment for smoking would lead to underestimations of the risk ratios associated with the overweight and obese categories of BMI. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • If they are going to be obese for 30, 40 or 50 years, then the health-care costs associated with their adult medical needs will skyrocket. (purdue.edu)
  • In 2014 62% of adults in England were classified as overweight (a body mass index of 25 or above) or obese, compared to 53% 20 years earlier. (wikipedia.org)
  • 23.5% of the population were over 60 years old in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the improved simplicity of this process over the years, however, a number of factors can affect the results, including hydration and body temperature, so it still needs some care when taking the test to ensure that the results are accurate. (wikipedia.org)
  • exceeds
  • When energy intake exceeds energy expenditure (when the body is in positive energy balance), the body can store the excess energy as fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients
  • This work was based on the observation that patients with LBP who self-reported clinically significant improvement in the modified Oswestry Disability Index ( mODI ) displayed at least 4 of 5 specific clinical characteristics ( see Supplemental Digital Content Appendix I ). (chiro.org)
  • Consider addressing sleep hygiene issues as part of a weight loss management plan for overweight and obese patients. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Assess overweight and obese patients for weight-associated medical conditions that may impact sleep including GERD, arthritis, and hypertension. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Results from a study of 1001 patients in four primary care practices in southwestern Virginia suggest a relationship between sleep and body mass index (BMI). (medpagetoday.com)
  • Patients were divided into four groups by BMI: normal (BMI 17-24), overweight (BMI 25-29), obese (BMI 30-39) and extremely obese (BMI 40 to 85). (medpagetoday.com)
  • Overweight and Obese Patients in a Primary Care Population Report Less Sleep Than Patients with a Normal Body Mass Index. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The maintenance of normal body weight is disrupted in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) for prolonged periods of time. (unc.edu)
  • After recovery, patients have reduced rates of overweight and obesity. (unc.edu)
  • Although so many researches had studied the association between migraine and obesity, there are still no full knowledge of the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and migraine, especially chronic migraine (CM). In this study, we analyzed a previous epidemiological survey data of primary headache patients in Chongqing, which surveyed consecutive neurological outpatients through face-to-face interview with physicians using a headache questionnaire. (hindawi.com)
  • adipose tissue
  • If enough weight is gained due to increased body fat deposits, one may become overweight or obese, generally defined as having more body fat (adipose tissue) than is considered good for health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other research has proposed that the paradox may be explained by adipose tissue storing lipophilic chemicals that would otherwise be toxic to the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Nearly half of the population of Hawai'i is overweight or obese, according to the latest health survey released yesterday by the state Health Department. (honoluluadvertiser.com)
  • BTB was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, Maryland, United States) under award number K08HD075831, https://www.nichd.nih.gov/Pages/index.aspx . (plos.org)
  • SHD was supported by grant R01MH100216 from the US National Institute of Mental Health, https://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.shtml . (plos.org)
  • Obesity is a major global health challenge, 1 and there is continuous research directed at identifying interventions that will effectively help in body mass reduction. (bmj.com)
  • In 2003, the government introduced a comprehensive health reform program aimed at increasing the budget rate allocated to healthcare services and ensuring that a large part of the population is healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • VLCC's anti-obesity campaign includes organizing health camps, mass counseling sessions, and talk-shows with health experts, besides extensive media interactions, and dissemination of special literature on obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • fattest
  • According to Forbes, Canada ranks 33 on a 2007 list of fattest countries, with 61.1% of its citizens having a body mass index (BMI) of at least 25. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Today Public Policy Institute described the population as "one of the fattest, laziest and most car-dependent nations on the planet" in December 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • groups
  • The primary outcome measure will be the body mass index-for-age z-score difference between the groups at the end of the intervention. (bmj.com)
  • normal
  • An increasing BMI-from normal, to overweight, to obese-was associated with a decreasing TST. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Several studies have shown that obese men tend to have a lower sperm count, fewer rapidly mobile sperm and fewer progressively motile sperm compared to normal-weight men. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also normal within Qatari society to be obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • least
  • if not fully satisfactory, at least as good as any other relative weight index as an indicator of relative obesity" The interest in an index that measures body fat came with increasing obesity in prosperous Western societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • Biscuits, chocolates and sweets are more popular than nuts and fruit and in general the population follows a more Westernised diet than geography might indicate. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Bioelectrical impedance analysis A small electric current is passed through the body to measure its electrical resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • United Kingdom
  • Body weight is measured in kilograms, a measure of mass, throughout the world, although in some countries such as the United States it is measured in pounds, or as in the United Kingdom, stones and pounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • According
  • Newer systems, such as the PAWPER tape, make use of a simple two-step process to estimate weight: the length-based weight estimation is modified according to the child's body habitus to increase the accuracy of the final weight prediction. (wikipedia.org)
  • PCOS
  • Increasing body weight is also thought to be linked to the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). (wikipedia.org)
  • PCOS can also have an effect if conception is successful through assisted reproductive technology (ART) in obese patients, leading to an increase in miscarriage rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to recent studies, insulin-sensitiser drugs are the main type of therapy for women with irregular cycles that want to improve their fertility, although weight loss is normally the first step in overweight patients with PCOS. (wikipedia.org)
  • tend
  • In other words, the association between body dissatisfaction and depression do not only stem from reasons such as that depressive persons tend to see themselves and their bodies from a negative point of view (although that is true too), but that how we view our bodies can affect our psychological well-being for many years a head. (wordpress.com)
  • alcohol
  • Woman have less water in their body per pound than men so the same amount of ingested alcohol leads to a higher concentration in the blood. (princeofpinot.com)
  • Woman have more body fat which has a poor blood supply so alcohol is rapidly distributed to the organs of the body. (princeofpinot.com)
  • A 2007 study found that the 11 largest preventable contributions to the indigenous burden of disease in Australia were tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, high body mass, inadequate physical activity, low intake of fruit and vegetables, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, unsafe sex, child sexual abuse and intimate partner violence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reduce
  • To reduce bias and more accurately represent population data, the BRFSS has changed survey methodology. (utah.gov)
  • intake
  • The neural networks underlying the complex interactions among stressors, body, brain and food intake are now better understood. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • If you do (or have done and been successful) I do congratulate you, but most people do marry a person that is on about the same beauty level (if that can be measured) and a person that has about the same body mass index (which can be measured and objectively evaluated). (wordpress.com)
  • The poor and those living in remote areas as well as indigenous people are, in general, less healthy than others in the population, and programs have been implemented to decrease this gap. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States contains one of the highest percentage of obese people in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • The Guatemala Health Initiative (GHI) is a private, humanitarian organization that works to improve the health of the poor, indigenous population in the remote areas of the western highlands in Guatemala. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2003, the government introduced a comprehensive health reform program aimed at increasing the budget rate allocated to healthcare services and ensuring that a large part of the population is healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Australia is a high income country, and this is reflected in the good status of health of the population overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on World Health Organisation (WHO) data published in 2014, 23.9% of French adults (age 18+) were clinically obese with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • This preliminary survey of soluble cytosolic extracts identified adenylate kinase (AK)1, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), and aldolase A as being preferentially expressed in muscle extracts from obese and morbidly obese individuals relative to lean control subjects. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • According to a recent study, approximately one out of four Pakistani adults (or 22.2% of individuals) are classified as obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • According to the World Bank, Guatemala has one of the most unequal income distributions with fifty one percent of the population living on less than $2 a day and fifteen percent on less than $1 a day. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • One of the things that have affected me the most is that several studies show that body dissatisfaction predicts depression. (wordpress.com)
  • proportion
  • br]] [https://www.tfah.org/releases/stateofobesity/?state=utah] Over the past 17 years, the age-adjusted proportion of Utah adults who were obese has increased from 19.5% in 2000 to 26.0% in 2017. (utah.gov)
  • Cigarette smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and disease in Australia but the proportion of the population who smoke, 16%, is amongst the lowest in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • patterns
  • In undeveloped countries the ability to afford food, high energy expenditure with physical labor, and cultural values favoring a larger body size are believed to contribute to the observed patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The standardization of two-dimensional electrophoresis and increasingly rapid protein identification using mass spectroscopy has made the high-throughput assessment of protein expression changes both practical and cost-effective ( 9 , 12 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • It has a very high Human Development Index ranking and the world's longest life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Equipped with this information almost anyone ought to have the ability to create tremendous profits and include pounds of medication free muscle for their body. (lasercosmetica.com)
  • Stimulating muscle protein synthesis procedure exerts changes in the dimensions of muscle mass. (lasercosmetica.com)
  • Certainly, muscle mass expansion is complicated subject matter. (lasercosmetica.com)
  • You ought to remember that constant regeneration and breakdown of muscle building is a procedure that never ceases in our own bodies. (lasercosmetica.com)
  • This hypothesis is supported by increased abundance of the glycolytic enzymes GAPDH and aldolase A in obese and morbidly obese muscle. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • New techniques for the unbiased ascertainment of complex molecular events in diseased, damaged, and exercise-adapted skeletal muscle include the use of oligonucleotide microarrays and proteomic analysis using mass spectroscopy ( 7 - 10 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • levels
  • Hyperandrogenism is a medical condition where there are excessive levels of androgens in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • highest
  • Hong Kong is one of the world's most significant financial centres, holding the highest Financial Development Index score and consistently ranking as the world's most competitive and freest economic areas. (wikipedia.org)