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  • Derivatives
  • 2 . The barley plant or portion of claim 1 , wherein the lipoxygenase activity comprises catalysis of oxidation of free and esterified polyunsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated octadecanoic fatty acids to form 9-hydroperoxy fatty acid derivatives. (google.ch)
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lactobacilli strains require a nutritional complex frequently found in media containing fermentable carbohydrates, amino acids, vitamins, nucleic acids precursors, and minerals to produce significant biomass (8, 11, 25), which results from a series of highly coordinated enzyme-catalysed events. (scielo.br)
  • nucleotide
  • However, biased codon usage can also be a byproduct of a general selection at the amino acid level interacting with nucleotide replacements. (g3journal.org)
  • For example, in the case of the codons known as fourfold degenerated (4FD), the third codon positions can be freely changed to any nucleotide, without consequences for the coded amino acid, and subsequently for protein composition and function. (g3journal.org)
  • antibiotics
  • In recent years, there has been considerable interest in the use of probiotic microorganisms and organic acids as alternatives to antibiotics in feeds to reduce antibiotic residues in the carcass, among other excellent benefits such as diarrhea control and immunostimulation (2, 37, 42, 48, 54, 61). (scielo.br)
  • membranes
  • Binding isotherms were obtained with CD spectroscopy as a function of the lipid-to-protein ratio for neutral and negatively charged membranes and were analyzed with both the Langmuir multisite adsorption model and the surface partition/Gouy-Chapman model. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Hydrogen
  • We may consider the active center of a nucleic acid-binding protein as a three dimensional distribution of functional groups able to form ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds, and hydrophobic bonds (including stacking). (springer.com)
  • genetic
  • The discovery of the genetic roots of various human diseases has motivated the exploration of different exogenous nucleic acids as therapeutic agents to treat these genetic disorders (inherited or acquired). (mdpi.com)
  • Exogenous nucleic acids, including DNA and RNA, have been explored as therapeutic agents to treat these genetic disorders. (mdpi.com)
  • Although computation is different from biochemistry, Pargellis argues that the random strings of computer instructions in the memory slots are similar to the babble of genetic information in the first nucleic acids. (newscientist.com)
  • The instructions were drawn from a set of 16 different operations, this number being chosen to mimic closely the 20 amino acids produced by the genetic code while keeping the number of possible combinations manageably low. (newscientist.com)
  • Redundancy of the genetic code implies that there are more codons than amino acids. (g3journal.org)
  • functional
  • Specific binders comprised of nucleic acids, that is, RNA/DNA aptamers, are attractive functional biopolymers owing to their potential broad application in medicine, food hygiene, environmental analysis, and biological research. (hindawi.com)
  • Although reports on the direct screening of a modified nucleic acid library remain in the minority, chemical modifications would be essential when further functional expansion of nucleic acid aptamers, in particular for medical and biological uses, is considered. (hindawi.com)
  • Interactions between functional groups in protein-nucleic acid associations. (springer.com)
  • Abstract
  • The Puzzle of HIV Neutral and Selective Evolution Leitner, Thomas;Kumar, Sudhir 2018-04-27 00:00:00 Abstract HIV is one of the fastest evolving organisms known. (deepdyve.com)
  • Humans
  • Lactobacillus reuteri is an obligatorily heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria, a microaerophilic, and is a common inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract of humans (28, 36) and animals such as pigs (12, 24, 33), turkeys, chickens, and monkeys (24). (scielo.br)
  • experimental
  • Although the mechanisms involved in the regulation of gene expression by the mTORC1 pathway are not yet identified, the role of the GCN2 pathway has been widely studied using the experimental model of limitation with one essential amino acid. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • properties
  • The chemical properties of different formulation materials determine their special features for nucleic acid delivery, so understanding the property-function correlation of the formulation materials will inspire the development of next-generation gene delivery carriers. (mdpi.com)
  • function
  • Therefore, gene condensation/protection and guided intracellular trafficking are necessary for exogenous nucleic acids to function inside cells. (mdpi.com)
  • human
  • pegaptanib was found to be stable after incubation at ambient temperature for 18 h in human plasma containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, whereas unmodified oligoribonucleic acids are known to degrade within a few minutes in vivo [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • important
  • One of the most important parameters for cultivating acid lactic bacteria is the pH of the fermentation environment (7, 56). (scielo.br)
  • However
  • However, the lactic acid production yield was practically half (9.22 g.L -1 ) of that obtained under a constant pH of 6.5, which reached 30.5 g.L -1 after 28 hours of fermentation. (scielo.br)
  • approach
  • To identify the signaling cascade leading to phosphorylation of ATF2 in response to amino acid starvation, we used an individual gene knockdown approach by small interfering RNA transfection. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Specific
  • Fermentation parameters such as the specific growth rate, productivity and yield of biomass, lactic and acetic acid levels were determined. (scielo.br)
  • production
  • This paper focuses on enzymatic production of chemically modified nucleic acids and their application to random screenings. (hindawi.com)
  • The acetic acid production was also higher under pH-controlled fermentation, reaching 10.09 g.L -1 after 28 hours of fermentation. (scielo.br)
  • reports
  • Despite the large number of reports on selection of natural DNA/RNA aptamers, there are not many examples of direct screening of chemically modified nucleic acid aptamers. (hindawi.com)