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  • reactors
  • Graphite is an important material for the construction of both historical and modern nuclear reactors, due to its extreme purity and its ability to withstand extremely high temperatures. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the March 2011 accident that caused three nuclear reactors to melt down at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant in Japan, there have been numerous responses by contemporary Japanese artists, including Shigenobu Yoshida, Tatsuo Miyajima, Shimpei Takeda, Fuyuki Yamakawa, Iri and Toshi Maruki, and Hiroshima bomb survivor, Tadasi Tonoshiki. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common nuclear fuels are 235U (the isotope of uranium with an atomic mass of 235 and of use in nuclear reactors) and 239Pu (the isotope of plutonium with an atomic mass of 239). (wikipedia.org)
  • Advanced nuclear is an emerging area of the energy industry focused on designing and commercializing next generation reactors for nuclear energy production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Encompassing more comprehensive and radical technological innovations and design advancements, these innovations aim to dramatically improve performance and eliminate known problems associated with the existing generation nuclear reactors (Gen I and Gen II) currently in use around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest Gen I and Gen II nuclear reactors built utilized the light-water reactor design in one of three variants: the pressurized water reactor (PWR), the boiling water reactor (BWR), and the supercritical water reactor (SCWR). (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of the light-water design (i.e. using regular water, H2O and not heavy water, 2H2O) as both its coolant and neutron moderator but needing a plentiful supply) in all commercial reactors was a trade-off that enabled the industry to leverage the purchasing clout of Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, who was keen on procuring nuclear-powered submarines for the Navy, to grow quickly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generation III reactors contain yet further incremental refinements to aspects of Generation II nuclear reactor designs but were not very popular. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gen IV projects encompass not just innovative nuclear fission concepts, like the Molten salt reactor, Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactors, and High temperature gas cooled reactors, but also Fusion power and even Low Energy Nuclear Reactors (LENR), which generate heat through a series of controlled chemical reactions that then cause a nuclear bond to shift, which results in heat output. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ironically, some of the different reactor design ideas being explored and developed for Advanced nuclear reactors, now thought of as Generation IV reactors (Gen IV) today were actually first conceived within the National Labs back in the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • They use nuclear reactors as their power plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • For more detailed articles see: Nuclear marine propulsion for civil use List of civilian nuclear ships Nuclear navy List of United States Naval reactors Soviet naval reactors Nuclear submarine Russia's Channel One Television news broadcast a picture and details of a nuclear-powered torpedo called Status-6 on about 12 November 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Advocates of nuclear-powered spacecraft point out that at the time of launch, there is almost no radiation released from the nuclear reactors. (wikipedia.org)
  • neutron
  • In astrophysics, nuclear pasta is a type of degenerate matter found within the crusts of neutron stars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between the surface of a neutron star and the quark-gluon plasma at the core, at matter densities of 1014 g/cm3, nuclear attraction and Coulomb repulsion forces are of similar magnitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear pasta phases are theorized to exist in the inner crust of neutron stars, forming a transition region between the conventional matter at the surface, and the ultradense matter at the core. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further compression of the lasagna phase yields the uniform nuclear matter of the outer core with intermittent holes of neutron (and possibly proton) liquid. (wikipedia.org)
  • For a typical neutron star of 1.4 solar masses (M☉) and 12 km radius, the nuclear pasta layer in the crust can be about 100 m thick and have a mass of about 0.01 M☉. In terms of mass, this is a significant portion of the crust of a neutron star. (wikipedia.org)
  • In December 1942 Eugene Wigner suggested that neutron bombardment might introduce dislocations and other damage in the molecular structure of materials such as the graphite moderator in a nuclear reactor (the Wigner effect). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the composition of a neutron star, which requires more than neutrons and protons, is not necessarily locally charge neutral, and does not exhibit translation invariance, often is differently referred to, for example, as neutron star matter or stellar matter and is considered distinct from nuclear matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Allmusic
  • The Profligacy Video VHS Nuclear Death at AllMusic https://www.facebook.com/Phil.nucleardeath https://www.facebook.com/feralviscera Bride of Insect/Carrion for Worm review on Vampire Magazine Bride of Insect/Carrion for Worm review on VS Webzine Female Fronted Heavy Metal, 1976-1989 Prato, Greg. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001
  • In early 2001, Nuclear Debate was sent to Dubai, where he finished fourth on dirt behind the American-trained Caller One in the Dubai Golden Shaheen. (wikipedia.org)
  • On October 31, 2001, Nuclear Debate was offered for sale at the Tattersalls sale at Newmarket, where he was bought for 180,000 guineas by the American trainer Darrell Vienna. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the dissolution in 2001, the name of Escoria turned to Nuclear and the original members Sebastian Puente, Francisco and Eugene Haussmann Sudy are maintained in a constant line up that continues to date. (wikipedia.org)
  • reaction
  • By November 1942 National Carbon had shipped 250 tons of AGOT graphite to the University of Chicago where it became the primary source of graphite to be used in the construction of Fermi's Chicago Pile-1, the first nuclear reactor to generate a sustained chain reaction (December 2, 1942). (wikipedia.org)
  • The sculpture is located on the grounds of the University of Chicago, where the first self-sustaining nuclear reaction was produced at the Chicago Pile-1, under the oversight of the Manhattan Project and Enrico Fermi. (wikipedia.org)
  • This makes a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction possible, releasing energy at a controlled rate in a nuclear reactor or at a very rapid uncontrolled rate in a nuclear weapon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, the concept of using a molten salt brew that acts both as the fuel and the "containment" of the reaction by using the ionic bonds of the salt to capture and contain the heat generated from the nuclear reaction, thereby dispensing with the need for expensive containment structures and eliminating much of risk and cost, remains of keen interest to those exploring Advanced nuclear technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear propulsion includes a wide variety of propulsion methods that fulfill the promise of the Atomic Age by using some form of nuclear reaction as their primary power source. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1986
  • Nuclear Death was a death metal band formed in 1986 in Phoenix, Arizona. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear Death were formed on March 23, 1986, by Lori Bravo (vocals, bass guitar), Phil Hampson (guitar), and Joel Whitfield (drums) while they were in high school. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation
  • It was a movement of poetry and painting, founded by the Italian artist Voltolino Fontani, aiming to balance the role of men in a society upset by the danger of nuclear radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • weapon
  • Operation Crossroads was a series of nuclear weapon tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean in the summer of 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • radioactive
  • Nuclear reactions are thus driven by the mechanics of bombardment, not by the relatively constant exponential decay and half-life characteristic of spontaneous radioactive processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons testing was first drawn to public attention in 1954 when a Hydrogen bomb test in the Pacific contaminated the crew of the Japanese fishing boat Lucky Dragon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electron
  • The Bohr magneton, which is calculated in the same fashion as the nuclear magneton, is larger than μN by a factor equal to the ratio of the proton to electron mass, or about a factor of 1836. (wikipedia.org)
  • widespread
  • Its extended effects when exploded outside the atmosphere were first noticed in 1958 as part of the Hardtack and Argus nuclear tests, which caused widespread radio interference extending over thousands of kilometers. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1958
  • In the United Kingdom, the first Aldermaston March organised by the Direct Action Committee and supported by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament took place on Easter 1958, when several thousand people marched for four days from Trafalgar Square, London, to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment close to Aldermaston in Berkshire, England, to demonstrate their opposition to nuclear weapons. (wikipedia.org)
  • degenerate
  • When nuclear matter is compressed to sufficiently high density, it is expected, on the basis of the asymptotic freedom of Quantum chromodynamics, that it will become quark matter, which is a degenerate Fermi gas of quarks. (wikipedia.org)
  • seasons
  • Nuclear Seasons" is a song by British singer and songwriter Charli XCX taken from her debut extended play (EP), You're the One (2012), and was later included on her debut studio album, True Romance (2013). (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear Seasons" was written by Charli, Justin Raisen, and Ariel Rechtshaid, while the latter produced the song. (wikipedia.org)
  • Musically, "Nuclear Seasons" is a slow-burning dark wave and synth-pop song with low-lying synths, industrial textures, and a shadowy atmosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyrically, "Nuclear Seasons" compares taking shelter from the "literal and figurative fallout of a breakup" to surviving a nuclear fallout. (wikipedia.org)
  • The video for "Nuclear Seasons" was uploaded to her channel on YouTube on 22 November 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • CD single "Nuclear Seasons" - 3:44 Digital EP "Nuclear Seasons" - 3:44 "Nuclear Seasons" (Hackman Remix) - 4:35 "Nuclear Seasons" (Night Plane Remix) - 4:45 "Nuclear Seasons" (Night Plane Extended Remix) - 7:01 Lead vocals - Charli XCX Producers - Ariel Rechtshaid Sound mixers - Ariel Rechtshaid Masterings - Howle Weinberg Lyrics - Charlotte Aitchison, Justin Raisen, Ariel Rechtshaid Fitzmaurice, Larry (21 October 2011). (wikipedia.org)
  • dense
  • When a nuclear bomb is exploded near ground level, the dense atmosphere interacts with many of the subatomic particles being released. (wikipedia.org)
  • produces
  • The company's physical production arm, Nuclear Mango Studios, finances and produces low to mid-sized budgeted projects for American and Bollywood global audiences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Atomic Age
  • In 1948, the artistic movement of Eaismo, published a manifesto illustrating some aspects of the atomic age and, at the same time, criticizing the industrial use of nuclear power. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1945 in the New Mexico desert, American scientists conducted "Trinity," the first nuclear weapons test, marking the beginning of the atomic age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Debate
  • Nuclear Debate was a bay horse bred in Kentucky by Iron County Farms Inc. His sire Geiger Counter was a moderate racehorse but had an exceptional pedigree, being a son of Mr. Prospector and Thong. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear Debate was sent to race in the United Kingdom, where he entered training with Lynda Ramsden in Yorkshire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear Debate ran six times as a two-year-old in 1997 without winning. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a gelding, Nuclear Debate was not allowed to compete in France's most important sprint, the Prix de l'Abbaye at Longchamp in October. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two and a half weeks later Nuclear Debate was made a 16/1 outsider for the King's Stand Stakes (then a Group Two race) at Royal Ascot. (wikipedia.org)
  • In August Nuclear Debate was moved up to Group One class for the first time in the Nunthorpe Stakes over five furlongs at York. (wikipedia.org)
  • A change in the race conditions allowed Nuclear Debate to run in the Prix de l'Abbaye in October, but despite starting favourite he finished unplaced behind his stable companion Imperial Beauty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear Debate began his American career by finishing fifth (when given an allegedly poor ride) in the Grade III Hollywood Turk Express in November and then finished unplaced for the third time in the Hong Kong Sprint. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also involved in the debate about nuclear weapons policy was the scientific community, through professional associations such as the Federation of Atomic Scientists and the Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • power
  • The British sculptor, Henry Moore, created a bronze public sculpture, entitled, Nuclear Energy (sculpture) (1967) that depicted both the fatality of nuclear weapons as well as celebrated the invention of nuclear energy for use as electrical power. (wikipedia.org)
  • The choice, however, imposed a riskier design that many argued was not optimized for terrestrial energy, bringing both competitive advantages as well as fateful disadvantages to the initial development and subsequent growth of the commercial nuclear power fleet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear power sources could also be used to provide the spacecraft with electrical power for operations and scientific instrumentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • weapons
  • Nuclear blackout, also known as fireball blackout or radar blackout, is an effect caused by explosions of nuclear weapons that disturbs radio communications and causes radar systems to be blacked out or heavily refracted so they can no longer be used for accurate tracking and guidance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear disarmament refers to both the act of reducing or eliminating nuclear weapons and to the end state of a nuclear-weapons-free world, in which nuclear weapons are completely eliminated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear disarmament groups include the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Peace Action, Greenpeace, Soka Gakkai International, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Mayors for Peace, Global Zero, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, and the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. (wikipedia.org)
  • On June 12, 1982, one million people demonstrated in New York City's Central Park against nuclear weapons and for an end to the cold war arms race. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sam Nunn, William Perry, Henry Kissinger, and George Shultz have called upon governments to embrace the vision of a world free of nuclear weapons, and in various op-ed columns have proposed an ambitious program of urgent steps to that end. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even before the Trinity test, national leaders debated the impact of nuclear weapons on domestic and foreign policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequently, the world's nuclear weapons stockpiles grew. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its purpose was to test the effect of nuclear weapons on naval ships. (wikipedia.org)
  • On November 1, 1961, at the height of the Cold War, about 50,000 women brought together by Women Strike for Peace marched in 60 cities in the United States to demonstrate against nuclear weapons. (wikipedia.org)
  • depths
  • The competition between the electric repulsion of the protons, the attractive force between nuclei, and the pressure at different depths in the star lead to the formation of nuclear pasta. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a time when extreme bands were ranting about the government or bumping fists with Satan, Nuclear Death chose to delve into the depths of human depravity. (wikipedia.org)
  • American
  • Nuclear Psychology is an EP by the American psychedelic rock band Weird Owl, released on February 21, 2007. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nuclear Mango was founded in 2008 by Bollywood filmmaker Govind Menon and American independent film filmmaker William Sees Keenan. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was the largest anti-nuclear protest and the largest political demonstration in American history. (wikipedia.org)
  • currently
  • Russia is the only country that currently has nuclear-powered civilian surface ships, most are icebreakers but one is a container ship. (wikipedia.org)
  • types
  • Astrophysicists call these types of structures nuclear pasta because the geometry of the structures resembles various types of pasta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aircraft Convair X-6 Myasishchev M-50 - Aviation Week hoax Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion - General Electric's project to build a nuclear-powered bomber Tupolev Tu-95LAL Missiles Project Pluto - which developed an unmanned cruise missile that used a nuclear-powered air ramjet for propulsion Many types of nuclear propulsion have been proposed, and some of them (e.g. (wikipedia.org)
  • signaling end-p
  • The 'Nuclear Calcium Hypothesis' by Hilmar Bading describes nuclear calcium in neurons as an important signaling end-point in synapse-to-nucleus communication that activates gene expression programs needed for persistent adaptations. (wikipedia.org)
  • core
  • Nuclear Mango's core business is the packaging of creative, technical and financing partners for East-West collaborative film projects. (wikipedia.org)
  • World
  • Organisations such as Global Zero, an international non-partisan group of 300 world leaders dedicated to achieving nuclear disarmament, have also been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • The U.S. occupation authorities controlled the release of photographs and film footage of these events, while photographers and artists on the ground continued to produce visual representations of the effects of nuclear warfare. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • Research into nuclear-powered aircraft was pursued during the Cold War by the United States and the Soviet Union as they would presumably allow a country to keep nuclear bombers in the air for extremely long periods of time, a useful tactic for nuclear deterrence. (wikipedia.org)
  • matter
  • Some authors use "nuclear matter" in a broader sense, and refer to the model described above as "infinite nuclear matter", and consider it as a "toy model", a testing ground for analytical techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • In the nervous system, nuclear calcium is required for long-term memory formation, acquired neuroprotection, and the development of chronic inflammatory pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the heart, nuclear calcium is important for the development of cardiac hypertrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • tests
  • To prepare the atoll for the nuclear tests, Bikini's native residents were evicted from their homes and resettled on smaller, uninhabited islands where they were unable to sustain themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • back
  • Their second demo, Welcome to the Minds of the Morbid, followed in 1987, on the back of which Nuclear Death signed a contract with Richard Campos from Wild Rags, a record label, fanzine and record dealer in California. (wikipedia.org)
  • The idea of using nuclear material for propulsion dates back to the beginning of the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Issue
  • Nuclear Debate's dam I'm An Issue was the grand-daughter of Bourbon Mist who was also the female-line ancestor of the dual Prix Royal-Oak winner Amilynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technologies
  • Generation IV designs are the first generation where innovator in Advanced Nuclear technologies are exploring paradigm shifts in methodologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • change
  • Progressing deeper into the inner crust, those holes in the nuclear pasta change from being cylindrical, dubbed by some the bucatini phase or antispaghetti phase, into scattered spherical holes, which can be called the Swiss cheese phase. (wikipedia.org)