###### early 20th century

- The National Taiwan Normal University opened its doors in the early 20th century during Japanese rule in Taiwan. (wikipedia.org)
- The terminology is still preserved in the official translations of such schools in China since the early 20th century, Beijing Normal University being the first. (wikipedia.org)

###### algebraic

- In field theory, the normal closure of an algebraic extension F/K is an extension field L of F such that L/K is normal and L is minimal with this property. (wikipedia.org)
- In algebraic geometry, the normal cone CXY of a subscheme X of a scheme Y is a scheme analogous to the normal bundle or tubular neighborhood in differential geometry. (wikipedia.org)
- An important example of a non-normal topology is given by the Zariski topology on an algebraic variety or on the spectrum of a ring, which is used in algebraic geometry. (wikipedia.org)

###### 1996

- In Wales, there were two colleges which included the word 'Normal' in their name: the first being 'The Normal College, Swansea' where the eminent mathematician John Viriamu Jones was educated and the second was The Normal College, Bangor (founded 1858), which survived until 1996, when it became part of University of Wales Bangor. (wikipedia.org)
- Normal Life is a 1996 American crime drama film based on the real lives of husband and wife bank robbers, Jeffrey and Jill Erickson. (wikipedia.org)
- her single greatest performance-indeed, one of the strongest bits of film acting that you are ever likely to see-was in what probably remains the most obscure and least-seen film of her career, John McNaughton's 1996 masterpiece "Normal Life. (wikipedia.org)
- 1996 - 2005 1996 brought Normal back to the U.S. when Dizzy Reed asked him to sit in for Guns N' Roses bassist Duff McKagan who was touring with another group. (wikipedia.org)

###### 1991

- Perfectly Normal is a Canadian comedy film directed by Yves Simoneau, which premiered at the 1990 Festival of Festivals, before going into general theatrical release in 1991. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1991 Normal returned to Scandinavia, spending seven months in Norway, producing and co-writing Larry Norman's critically acclaimed album Stranded in Babylon. (wikipedia.org)

###### Mathematics

- In topology and related branches of mathematics, a normal space is a topological space X that satisfies Axiom T4: every two disjoint closed sets of X have disjoint open neighborhoods. (wikipedia.org)

###### Normality

- And finally: "By depicting the sham of 'normality,' Normal Life reminds us how fictitious and unattainable the 'American dream' can be. (wikipedia.org)

###### abnormal

- In the absence of fixed standards, normal and abnormal are often defined in terms of each other. (encyclopedia.com)
- However, rather than a simple pairing of opposites, they are generally thought of as points on a continuum of social adjustment, with normal people possessing certain positive traits to a greater degree, while abnormal people are characterized by deficiencies in these traits. (encyclopedia.com)
- There are recommended levels for normal heart rate, which help detect any abnormal signs of heart pumping. (buzzle.com)
- Kawatani was inspired to write the song about people who consider themselves normal actually being the most abnormal people. (wikipedia.org)

###### Metro Normal

- Metro Normal is a station on Line 2 of the Mexico City Metro system. (wikipedia.org)

###### Perfectly Normal

- These conditions are examples of separation axioms and their further strengthenings define completely normal Hausdorff spaces, or T5 spaces, and perfectly normal Hausdorff spaces, or T6 spaces. (wikipedia.org)
- A perfectly normal space is a topological space X in which every two disjoint closed sets E and F can be precisely separated by a continuous function f from X to the real line R: the preimages of {0} and {1} under f are, respectively, E and F. (In this definition, the real line can be replaced with the unit interval [0, (wikipedia.org)
- It turns out that X is perfectly normal if and only if X is normal and every closed set is a Gδ set. (wikipedia.org)
- Equivalently, X is perfectly normal if and only if every closed set is a zero set. (wikipedia.org)
- Every perfectly normal space is automatically completely normal. (wikipedia.org)
- A Hausdorff perfectly normal space X is a T6 space, or perfectly T4 space. (wikipedia.org)
- All paracompact topological manifolds are perfectly normal Hausdorff. (wikipedia.org)

###### subset

- Every closed subset of a normal space is normal. (wikipedia.org)

###### contexts

- However, in many contexts normal is a subjective term that is very difficult to define. (encyclopedia.com)
- However, the normal distribution also appeared in other mathematical contexts. (encyclopedia.com)

###### distributions

- While we like to speak about normal distributions, our data are not always normally distributed. (uvm.edu)

###### statistical

- You can easily generate data from a normal distribution using any of the commonly available statistical packages. (uvm.edu)
- The term normal is fundamentally statistical and quantitative. (encyclopedia.com)

###### bundle

- When the embedding i is regular the normal cone is the normal bundle, the vector bundle on X corresponding to the dual of the sheaf I/I2. (wikipedia.org)
- If X is a point, then the normal cone and the normal bundle to it are also called the tangent cone and the tangent space (Zariski tangent space) to the point. (wikipedia.org)
- This can be much easier: for example, if X is regularly embedded in Y then its normal cone is a vector bundle, so we are reduced to the problem of finding the intersection product of a subscheme CWV of a vector bundle CXY with the zero section X. However this intersection product is just given by applying the Gysin isomorphism to CWV. (wikipedia.org)

###### normally distributed

- A random vector is said to be multivariate normally distributed if every linear combination of its components has a univariate normal distribution. (princeton.edu)

###### distribution

- T he material in this section will relate to the normal distribution. (uvm.edu)
- Much that you ever wanted to know about the normal distribution. (uvm.edu)
- Rich Ulrich at the University of Pittsburgh has created a page giving all sorts of useful information about the normal distribution--such as how to generate normal data. (uvm.edu)
- This is a short Java program to calculate probabilities (and points) under the normal distribution. (uvm.edu)
- What I had to be told is that you just calculate a z score and find the area under the normal distribution below that point. (uvm.edu)
- Therefore, the term normal does include those group members who deviate significantly from the measures of central tendency (the mean , the median , or the mode ) of a given distribution. (encyclopedia.com)
- In probability theory and statistics , the multivariate normal distribution or multivariate Gaussian distribution , is a generalization of the one-dimensional ( univariate ) normal distribution to higher dimensions. (princeton.edu)
- The multivariate normal distribution is often used to describe, at least approximately, any set of (possibly) correlated real-valued random variables each of which clusters around a mean value. (princeton.edu)
- The normal distribution is the single most important distribution in the social sciences. (encyclopedia.com)
- If X ~ N (0, 1) so that μ = 0 and σ 2 = 1, the outcome is the standard normal distribution . (encyclopedia.com)
- The normal distribution has two significant features. (encyclopedia.com)
- The normal distribution was first associated with errors of measurement. (encyclopedia.com)
- Even if the scores in the population are highly skewed, the distribution of sample means will tend toward the normal curve. (encyclopedia.com)
- Although the normal distribution was first applied to the description of measurement errors, scientists later began to realize that it also described variation in human phenomena independent of errors of measurement. (encyclopedia.com)
- In 1835 Adolphe Quetelet (1796 - 1874) applied the normal distribution to many physical attributes, such as height, and in 1869 Francis Galton (1822 - 1911) extended the same distribution to cover individual differences in ability. (encyclopedia.com)
- The latter application is seen in those psychometric instruments in which test scores are actually defined according to the normal distribution. (encyclopedia.com)

###### producer

- Charles Edward Norman (Born 8 March 1965), known by the stage name Charles Normal, is an American record producer, engineer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist. (wikipedia.org)
- 1988 - 1995 After a lengthy residence in the Netherlands and Sweden working as a record producer, Normal moved back to America in 1989 and joined MCA recording artists Jetboy, replacing Sam Yaffa (Hanoi Rocks, New York Dolls) as bass player. (wikipedia.org)
- Creative differences between Normal and Ironworks producer Jude Cole led to the band's departure from the label and the recording of their self-produced album Alligator. (wikipedia.org)

###### vector

- A non-normal space of some relevance to analysis is the topological vector space of all functions from the real line R to itself, with the topology of pointwise convergence. (wikipedia.org)

###### name

- Its original role was to train teachers for secondary and higher education, as suggested in the name " Normal ", but very soon housed top-class researchers and evolved into an elite research-intensive university. (wikipedia.org)
- The school acquired its present name, National Taiwan Normal University, in 1967. (wikipedia.org)
- The latter was one of the last institutions to retain the word "Normal" in its name. (wikipedia.org)
- As the name suggests, Normal-Grotesk is a "neutral" and functional design on the "grotesque" model popular in nineteenth and twentieth century Germany, with a minimal design lacking decorative features. (wikipedia.org)
- The name was taken from Illinois State Normal University, a normal school (teacher-training institution) located there. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2007, the town council voted to name the downtown area "Uptown Normal", and, as of 2011, Uptown Normal is home to the Children's Discovery Museum, Marriott Hotel and Conference Center, restaurants, and a variety of stores. (wikipedia.org)

###### officially

- The town was renamed Normal in February 1865 and officially incorporated on February 25, 1867. (wikipedia.org)

###### census

- According to the 2010 census, Normal has a total area of 18.412 square miles (47.69 km2), of which 18.35 square miles (47.53 km2) (or 99.66%) is land and 0.062 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 0.34%) is water. (wikipedia.org)
- According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Quinta Normal spans an area of 13 km2 (5 sq mi) and has 104,012 inhabitants (50,509 men and 53,503 women), making the commune an entirely urban area. (wikipedia.org)

###### severe

- These symptoms, however, do not prevent them from carrying out normal activities and are not as severe as the symptoms for Alzheimer's disease (AD). (wikipedia.org)

###### operates

- They live in Salem, Oregon with their son, where Normal owns and operates Magnetic Real recording studio. (wikipedia.org)

###### institution

- Guólì Táiwān Shīfàn Dàxué ), or Shīdà 師 大 , is an institution of higher education and normal school operating out of three campuses in Taipei , Taiwan . (wikipedia.org)
- shīdà) referred to an institution that aimed to train school teachers in the early twentieth century, but more recently many former normal universities in China have spontaneously developed into comprehensive universities. (wikipedia.org)
- The main campus of Illinois' oldest public university, Illinois State University, a fully accredited four-year institution, is in Normal, as is Heartland Community College, a fully accredited two-year institution. (wikipedia.org)

###### Primary

- It is now widely estimated that a larger percentage of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) are suffering from normal tension glaucoma: probably half of all POAG patients in Europe and the majority of POAG patients in East Asia. (wikipedia.org)
- While the excavation of the optic nerve head and the thinning of its rim appear in all kinds of glaucoma (with high tension and with normal tension,in Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and in secondary glaucoma), small hemorrhages close to the optic disc have been identified as a characteristic clinical sign of normal tension glaucoma. (wikipedia.org)
- According to the Oxford English Dictionary, normal schools in the United States and Canada trained teachers for primary schools, while in continental Europe normal schools educated teachers for primary, secondary and tertiary schools. (wikipedia.org)

###### band

- Approaching Normal is the fifth studio album by alternative rock band Blue October. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1982, at the age of 17, Normal became the lead guitarist of the influential Bay Area hardcore punk rock band Executioner. (wikipedia.org)
- By the age of 20 he had grown disillusioned with the San Jose and San Francisco punk scenes and moved to Hollywood, California at the behest of his older brother Larry who offered Normal the role of bassist in his band for a series of national and international tours starting in 1985. (wikipedia.org)
- His band The Merchants of Venus signed a record deal with Warner Music in 1994 and Normal produced and engineered their album "Wish Across The Land", which was nominated for the Spellemannprisen (Norwegian Grammy) in the Rock category the following year. (wikipedia.org)
- Normal took part in the recording sessions for what would eventually become the Chinese Democracy album, but after several months of rehearsing with the rapidly dissolving line-up of G N' R, he moved back to Norway to form a band of his own. (wikipedia.org)
- Minna Normal (みんなノーマル, Minna Nōmaru, "Everyone Normal") is the third extended play by Japanese band Gesu no Kiwami Otome, released on April 2, 2014. (wikipedia.org)

###### widely

- Since NTG is closely linked to vascular irregularities, a medical check-up by a general practitioner or a specialist in internal medicine is widely recommended in cases of newly diagnosed normal tension glaucoma. (wikipedia.org)
- Normal Accidents is a very widely cited book, with more than 1,000 citations in the Social Science Citation Index and Science Citation Index to 2003. (wikipedia.org)

###### percentage

- A large percentage of residents of Normal are employed by Illinois State University, State Farm Insurance, Country Financial (both of which are headquartered in nearby Bloomington), and Unit 5 schools. (wikipedia.org)

###### University

- Shanghai Normal University (1972-1980)" redirects here. (wikipedia.org)
- For the former Shanghai Teachers College, see Shanghai Normal University . (wikipedia.org)
- East China Normal University ( ECNU ) is a comprehensive public research university in Shanghai . (wikipedia.org)
- East China Normal University traces its roots to the formation of the St. John's College (later to become St. John's University) in 1879, and its heritage has had a definite and deep influence in the development of Chinese modern higher education . (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] In Finland, normal schools are under national university administration, whereas most schools are administered by the local municipality. (wikipedia.org)
- Normal, Alabama is the site of Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University (AAMU). (wikipedia.org)

###### Illinois

- Normal is a town in McLean County, Illinois, United States. (wikipedia.org)
- Normal is the smaller of two principal municipalities of the Bloomington-Normal metropolitan area, and Illinois' seventh most populous community outside the Chicago metropolitan area. (wikipedia.org)

###### higher

- The normal heartbeats for children is higher than adults. (buzzle.com)
- The normal heart rate during exercise is 55-85 percent higher than the maximum heart rate. (buzzle.com)

###### however

- However, there exist non-paracompact manifolds which are not even normal. (wikipedia.org)

###### school

- A normal school was a school created to train high school graduates to be teachers by educating them in the norms of pedagogy and curriculum. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1685, St. Jean-Baptiste de La Salle, founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, founded what is generally considered the first normal school, the École Normale, in Reims, Champagne, France. (wikipedia.org)
- The first public normal school in the United States was founded in Concord, Vermont, by Samuel Read Hall in 1823 to train teachers. (wikipedia.org)
- The term "normal school" originated in the early 16th century from the French école normale. (wikipedia.org)
- The station logo depicts the tower of the nearby main building of the Escuela Normal de Maestros, an academy for elementary school teachers, inaugurated in 1947 by Jaime Torres Bodet, then Secretary of Education of Mexico. (wikipedia.org)

###### decline

- Around the mid-1950s, a decline in sales took hold of Normal-Grotesk and the Haas Foundry's other grotesque 'Französische Grotesk', as the Akzidenz-Grotesk of Berthold became more popular. (wikipedia.org)

###### term normal

- The term "normal" herein refers to the goal of these institutions to instill and reinforce particular norms within students. (wikipedia.org)

###### example

- In testing and measuring, for example, normal can be defined as a central cluster of scores in relation to a larger grouping. (encyclopedia.com)
- The pillar of the current understanding of normal tension glaucoma is a reduced IOP tolerance of the retinal ganglion cells and the cells in the optic nerve head - an IOP of, for example, 17 or 19 mm Hg that would not affect a healthy eye leads to damage in the eye of an NTG patient. (wikipedia.org)
- For example, for children below 5 years, 95 to 140 bpm is normal while for those above 5 years, it is 80 to 120 bpm. (buzzle.com)
- A classical example of a completely regular locally normal space that is not normal is the Nemytskii plane. (wikipedia.org)
- Sierpinski space is an example of a normal space that is not regular. (wikipedia.org)

###### people

- The following is a brief discussion on the normal heart rate for specified groups of people. (buzzle.com)

###### album

- Normal Happiness is the sixth album by Robert Pollard. (wikipedia.org)
- Approaching Normal is also the first Blue October album to be released on vinyl, with the vinyl version including all the bonus tracks. (wikipedia.org)
- While Normal was finishing the album he co-wrote, produced and engineered Mark Lemhouse's album The Great American Yard Sale which won the 2005 Muddy Award for Best National Recording. (wikipedia.org)
- For its debut album, a cover of Lee Hazlewood's 1962 album Trouble is a Lonesome Town, Normal enlisted members of Modest Mouse, The Dandy Warhols, Pixies, Art Brut, and The Guards of Metropolis. (wikipedia.org)
- In March 2015, Gesu no Kiwami Gotome was awarded the best artist award at the 7th CD Shop Awards, due to Minna Normal and their debut album Miryoku ga Sugoi yo. (wikipedia.org)

###### increase

- Flammer syndrome has been attributed to increase the likelihood of ganglion cell damage in normal tension glaucoma patients with disc hemorrhages as a characteristic clinical sign. (wikipedia.org)
- To increase the value of an account with normal balance of credit, one would credit the account. (wikipedia.org)

###### often

- As a consequence, the eponymic term Gaussian is often used instead of " normal " or " bell-shaped. (encyclopedia.com)

###### means

- Concretely, the deformation to the normal cone can be constructed by means of blowup. (wikipedia.org)

###### teachers

- Normal schools," as teacher training schools, were tasked with both developing this new curriculum and developing the techniques through which teachers would instill these ideas, behaviors and values in the minds of their students. (wikipedia.org)

###### given

- This property is a key to an application in intersection theory: given a pair of closed subschemes V , X {\displaystyle V,X} in some ambient space, while the scheme-theoretic intersection V ∩ X {\displaystyle V\cap X} has irreducible components of various dimensions, depending delicately on the positions of V , X {\displaystyle V,X} , the normal cone to V ∩ X {\displaystyle V\cap X} is of pure dimension. (wikipedia.org)
- This can be deformed to the embedding of X in the normal cone CXY in the following sense: there is a family of embeddings parameterized by an element t of the projective or affine line, such that if t=0 the embedding is the embedding into the normal cone, and for other t is it isomorphic to the given embedding i. (wikipedia.org)
- A topological space X is a normal space if, given any disjoint closed sets E and F, there are neighbourhoods U of E and V of F that are also disjoint. (wikipedia.org)

###### Pages

- see also the disambiguation pages for Normal form and Normalization. (wikipedia.org)
- Normal accidents : living with high-risk technologies, Charles Perrow: Accidents, Normal, in: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Elsevier 2001, Pages 33-38, online Daniel E Whitney (2003). (wikipedia.org)

###### regular

- We were able to adjust the algorithms and make her feel normal again and return her to her regular activities without operating," recalls Love. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Terms like "normal regular space" and "normal Hausdorff space" also turn up in the literature - they simply mean that the space both is normal and satisfies the other condition mentioned. (wikipedia.org)
- Every regular second-countable space is completely normal, and every regular Lindelöf space is normal. (wikipedia.org)
- Also, all fully normal spaces are normal (even if not regular). (wikipedia.org)

###### general

- Normal tension glaucoma is in many cases closely associated with general issues of blood circulation and of organ perfusion like arterial hypotension, metabolic syndrome , and Flammer syndrome . (wikipedia.org)

###### open

- A locally normal space is a topological space where every point has an open neighbourhood that is normal. (wikipedia.org)

###### make

- Perrow identifies three conditions that make a system likely to be susceptible to Normal Accidents. (wikipedia.org)

###### years

- The normal heart rate for children, ranging from 1-10 years is 70-120 bpm. (buzzle.com)
- when Normal was three years old. (wikipedia.org)

###### range

- This article discusses the normal range of heart rate for fetus, children, and adults. (buzzle.com)
- The normal range of heart rate for a fetus is 110 to 180 bpm. (buzzle.com)
- For women, the normal range is somewhere around 70 to 80 bpm. (buzzle.com)
- Similar to men, the resting heart rate falling within the range of 60 to 90 bpm is considered to be normal for women. (buzzle.com)
- Overall, maintaining the heart rate to the recommended normal range is crucial for leading a healthy and disease-free life. (buzzle.com)
- There's a fairly wide range of normal penis sizes - just as there is for every other body part. (kidshealth.org)

###### mean

- In intelligence testing normal is also defined by the average, or mean, which is established as an IQ score of around 100. (encyclopedia.com)

###### food

- As indicated by its title, this new book also has the particular purpose of studying the urine of animals in a normal environment and eating food usual to the species. (springer.com)

###### List

- List of Mexico City metro stations "Normal" (in Spanish). (wikipedia.org)

###### high

- Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies is a 1984 book by Yale sociologist Charles Perrow, which provides a detailed analysis of complex systems conducted from a social sciences perspective. (wikipedia.org)
- Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies New York: Basic Books, 1984. (wikipedia.org)