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  • ores
  • A rare element (about 0.2 gram per ton in Earth's crust), cadmium occurs in a few minerals and in small quantities in other ores, especially zinc ores, from which it is produced as a by-product. (britannica.com)
  • Some lead ores also contain small quantities of cadmium, and, if it is present in sufficient quantity, it is recovered by a cycle of operations similar to that used by zinc smelters. (britannica.com)
  • He thought that element number 31 might be found in zinc ores. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is found primarily in combination with zinc and aluminum ores. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Centuries before zinc was recognized as a distinct element, zinc ores were used for making brass. (chemicalbook.com)
  • metals
  • More than half of all zinc that is mined is used for galvanizing other metals such as steel and iron. (ducksters.com)
  • Galvanizing is when these other metals are coated with a thin coating of zinc in order to prevent them from corroding or rusting. (ducksters.com)
  • Zinc is also used to form alloys with other metals. (ducksters.com)
  • Not as valuable as platinum or gold , less shiny than silver or copper , zinc is certainly one of the least glamorous metals-right at the end of the alphabet where you don't notice it. (explainthatstuff.com)
  • For a metal, zinc has relatively low melting (420 °C) and boiling points (900 °C). Its melting point is the lowest of all the transition metals aside from mercury and cadmium . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Zinc has many commercial uses as coatings to prevent rust, in dry-cell batteries, and mixed with other metals to make alloys like brass and bronze. (chemicalbook.com)
  • nuclei
  • We also discovered a new nucleosynthetic process, the nu-p process, driven by neutrons created by anti-neutrino capture on free protons, that could provide a supernova source for light p-process nuclei. (utk.edu)
  • Some of these models that describe nuclei at the highest resolution scale predict that 20 protons and 40 neutrons will not hold together to form Ca-60", Gade said. (phys.org)
  • Two of the other new isotopes of sulfur and chlorine, S-49 and Cl-52, were not predicted to exist by a number of models that paint a lower resolution picture of nuclei. (phys.org)
  • Isotopes are elements having the same number of protons in their nuclei, but different numbers of neutrons. (whoi.edu)
  • chloride
  • ZnO forms cement-like products when mixed with a strong aqueous solution of zinc chloride and these are best described as zinc hydroxy chlorides. (wikipedia.org)
  • fission
  • The group had previously claimed detection of element 113 via this method in 2004 and 2005, saying they produced a chain of decays that included spontaneous fission of an isotope of element 105, dubnium-262. (newscientist.com)
  • strontium-86
  • One of the isotopes of strontium found in these rocks is strontium-86. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The concentration of strontium, as well as the ratio of two of its isotopes, strontium 87 and strontium 86, were measured in both vent fluid and in seawater. (whoi.edu)
  • metallic
  • German chemist Andreas Sigismund Marggraf is normally given credit for discovering pure metallic zinc in 1746. (thefullwiki.org)
  • German chemist Andreas Sigismund Marggraf is credited with discovering pure metallic zinc in 1746. (wikipedia.org)
  • As early as 2012, the scientists presented a metal-organic framework compound containing only zinc as the metallic component. (ornl.gov)
  • In the compound that this research team proposes, zinc and copper ions form the metallic nodes to serve as a deuterium and tritium filter. (ornl.gov)
  • Metallic zinc was produced in the 13th century A.D. in India by reducing calamine with organic substances such as wool. (chemicalbook.com)
  • cadmium
  • Cadmium is physically similar to zinc but is denser and softer. (britannica.com)
  • The plated cadmium has a smaller grain size than electro-zinc coatings, and deposits tend to be more uniform and smooth. (britannica.com)
  • Alloyed with zinc, cadmium forms solders with good shear strength. (britannica.com)
  • pure zinc
  • If you want the pure zinc, you need to take huge truckloads of a raw, zinc-containing mineral and put it through a multi-stage refining process (involving several separate physical and chemical steps) to remove the other elements. (explainthatstuff.com)
  • Then you use electrolysis (an electro-chemical process similar to a battery working in reverse) to separate out the pure zinc metal. (explainthatstuff.com)
  • To date, the oldest evidence of pure zinc comes from Zawar, in Rajasthan, as early as the 9th century AD when a distillation process was employed to make pure zinc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pure zinc is a bluish-white shiny metal. (chemicalbook.com)
  • bluish-white
  • Under standard conditions zinc is a hard and brittle metal with a bluish-white color. (ducksters.com)
  • Zinc, also referred to in nonscientific contexts as spelter , is a bluish-white, lustrous, diamagnetic metal, though most common commercial grades of the metal have a dull finish. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Minerals
  • With the exception of wurtzite, all these other minerals were formed as a result of weathering processes on the primordial zinc sulfides. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Calcium
  • The calcium isotopes are indicated from the last stable calcium-48 out to calcium isotopes that can only be reached with FRIB. (phys.org)
  • Researchers from Michigan State University and the RIKEN Nishina Center in Japan discovered eight new rare isotopes of the elements phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, argon, potassium, scandium and, most importantly, calcium. (phys.org)
  • The most interesting short-lived isotopes synthesized during a recent experiment at RIKEN's Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) were calcium-59 and calcium-60, which are now the most neutron -laden calcium isotopes known to science. (phys.org)
  • That's 12 more neutrons than the heaviest of the stable calcium isotopes, calcium-48. (phys.org)
  • In the resulting debris of the collision, with a minuscule chance, a rare isotope such as calcium-60 is formed. (phys.org)
  • The intense zinc beam that enabled the discovery of calcium-59 and calcium-60 was provided by the RIBF, which is presently home to the world's most powerful accelerator facility in the field. (phys.org)
  • In the future, the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University will allow scientists might be able to make calcium-68 or even calcium-70, which may be the heaviest calcium isotopes . (phys.org)
  • Strontium has the same charge as calcium and a number of different, easily measurable isotopes. (whoi.edu)
  • element
  • Each element contains a specific and unique number of protons, but the number of neutrons can vary. (sciencing.com)
  • Zinc is a chalcophile ("sulfur loving"), meaning the element has a low affinity for oxygen and prefers to bond with sulfur in highly insoluble sulfides . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Isotopes are two or more forms of an element. (encyclopedia.com)
  • First, they may be designated by writing the name of the element followed by the mass number of the isotope. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Second, isotopes may be designated by the chemical symbol of the element with a superscript that shows their mass number. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This week a team led by Kosuke Morita of the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-based Science in Saitama, Japan, announced what they say is conclusive evidence for an isotope of element 113. (newscientist.com)
  • The more neutrons that are added to an element, the "heavier" it is. (phys.org)
  • Also, isotopes of the same element have different physical properties. (phys.org)
  • Extraction
  • Zinc production includes froth flotation of the ore, roasting , and final extraction using electricity ( electrowinning ). (thefullwiki.org)
  • found
  • Where is zinc found on Earth? (ducksters.com)
  • Small traces of zinc can be found in ocean water and the air. (ducksters.com)
  • Zinc also plays an important role in biology and is found in over one hundred enzymes. (ducksters.com)
  • Despite the low requirement, zinc is found in nearly every cell of the body and is a key to the proper function of more than 300 enzymes, including superoxide dismutase. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These are the heaviest isotopes of these elements ever found. (phys.org)
  • oxygen
  • The native doping of the semiconductor due to oxygen vacancies or zinc interstitials is n-type. (wikipedia.org)
  • ZnO decomposes into zinc vapor and oxygen at around 1975 °C with a standard oxygen pressure. (wikipedia.org)