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  • optics
  • MICHIHIRO FURUSAKA , PhD, is a professor at the Graduate School of Engineering at Hokkaido University, Japan, working in the field of neutron instrumentation and optics. (wiley.com)
  • instrumentation
  • Different from several existing professional books on neutron science, this book focuses on theory, instrumentation, an applications. (wiley.com)
  • energy
  • NAOYA TORIKAI, PhD , is an associate professor at the Graduate School of Engineering at Mie University, Japan, working in research areas of polymer physics, after serving as an instrument scientist of a pulsed neutron reflectometer at High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK). (wiley.com)
  • sources
  • Part 5 describes the various global neutron sources that exist and provides an overview of the different reactors. (wiley.com)
  • Spallation Neutro
  • Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutron crystallography at the lab's Spallation Neutron Source to study the interaction between one of these enzymes, called a beta-lactamase, and an antibiotic, building on data collected with x-ray crystallography. (ornl.gov)
  • The purpose of the conference was to highlight the impact of the proposed, state-of-the-art Macromolecular Neutron Diffractometer (MaNDi) at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS),Oak Ridge, TN that can potentially make it routine to locate hydrogen atoms in biological structures. (iucr.org)
  • In the metal organic framework, hydrogen molecules adsorb on different sites, by tracking the relative populations of hydrogen and deuterium in each site," said Timmy Ramirez-Cuesta, Spectroscopy Group lead at ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source. (ornl.gov)
  • crystallography
  • Neutron protein crystallography is a powerful technique to investigate mechanisms of enzyme activity, inhibitor binding etc. where details of H positions, particularly in the vicinity of the active and/or recognition sites, lead to a better understanding of molecular interactions. (iucr.org)
  • The PHENIX (www.phenix-online.org) and nCNS (mnc.lanl.gov) software packages are being developed for the international neutron macromolecular crystallography community by an NIH-funded consortium of scientists led by Paul Langan (LANL) and Paul Adams (LBL). (iucr.org)
  • Pavel Afonine (LBL) presented an excellent overview, and then together with Marat Mustyakimov (LANL) led a workshop on 'Computational Tools in Neutron Crystallography' in which informal discussions and hands-on tutorials demonstrated the many features of both packages. (iucr.org)
  • The conference "New Frontiers in Neutron Macromolecular Crystallography" was held at Oak Ridge National Lab. (iucr.org)
  • This ability stems from the fact that Neutron Macromolecular Crystallography (NMC) can provide accurate hydrogen atom positions, protonation states and hydration states, as well as information on hydrogen/deuterium exchange in macromolecular crystal structures, even at a moderate 2 Å resolution. (iucr.org)
  • hydrogen
  • Researchers used neutrons bouncing off the hydrogen in water molecules to see inside the rock's microstructure without destroying it and quantify water uptake in real time. (ornl.gov)
  • The problem that the NIST Neutron Imaging Facility (NIF) can address that directly impacts the progress of the Hydrogen Economy is the issue of flooding and water management in hydrogen fuel cells. (nist.gov)
  • A new imaging facility at the NIST Center for Neutron Research provides a rare portal for visualizing water and hydrogen transport in fuel cells. (nist.gov)
  • The nucleus of deuterium is called a deuteron , contains ONE proton and (typically for the deuterium isotope) ONE neutron, whereas the far more common hydrogen nucleus contains no neutron. (answers.com)
  • Neutrons are helpful in studying the motion of hydrogen because they are sensitive to light elements. (ornl.gov)
  • Additionally, neutrons can distinguish among the signals coming from different isotopes like hydrogen and deuterium. (ornl.gov)
  • NIST
  • Here at the NIST Center for Neutron Research a new, advanced fuel cell imaging facility has been built to do just this. (nist.gov)
  • The current NIF is a second generation of neutron imaging facilities built here at NIST. (nist.gov)
  • radiography
  • Phoenix Nuclear Labs is also using its core neutron generator technology for other applications, such as neutron radiography (an analog to conventional X-ray radiography) and quality assurance applications for military, aerospace, and composite material components. (asme.org)
  • The last column shows the values for no filter for the sake of comparison to other neutron radiography facilities. (nist.gov)
  • emit
  • Compared to a pure fission bomb with an identical explosive yield, a neutron bomb would emit about ten times the amount of neutron radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • reactors
  • Part 5 describes the various global neutron sources that exist and provides an overview of the different reactors. (wiley.com)
  • Ridge National Laboratory
  • January 3, 2018 - To improve models for drilling, hydraulic fracturing and underground storage of carbon dioxide, Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists used neutrons to understand how water flows through fractured rock. (ornl.gov)
  • The first symposium associated with neutron transmutation doping technology as such was arranged in 1976 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory by John Cleland. (google.com)
  • A research team including Georgia Institute of Technology professor Martin Mourigal used neutron scattering at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to study copper elpasolite, a mineral that can be driven to an exotic magnetic state when subjected to very low temperatures and a high magnetic field. (newswise.com)
  • reactions
  • The case is normally made of depleted uranium or natural uranium metal, because the thermonuclear reactions give off massive numbers of high-energy neutrons that can cause fission reactions in the casing material. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Using neutrons, an ORNL research team studied the protein structure of bacteria-produced enzymes called beta-lactamases by examining one of them to better understand how resistant bacteria behave. (ornl.gov)
  • Within IRAMIS, neutron spectrometry is used in various fields in fundamental and applied research and is developed around the CEA-CNRS Laboratory Leon Brillouin (LLB) around the Orphée reactor in Saclay. (cea.fr)
  • The tissue samples were examined at the Research Neutron Source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) with the aim of developing a better understanding of the effects this substance has on the human psyche. (redorbit.com)
  • In a next step Josef Lichtinger plans to examine further tissue samples at TUM's Research Neutron Source in order to confirm and expand his results. (redorbit.com)
  • NAOYA TORIKAI, PhD , is an associate professor at the Graduate School of Engineering at Mie University, Japan, working in research areas of polymer physics, after serving as an instrument scientist of a pulsed neutron reflectometer at High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK). (wiley.com)
  • Modern bioscience research is carried out in both X-ray and neutron large-scale facilities. (ill.eu)
  • Neutron-scatterers" target very specific information and neutron methods play a unique role in the life sciences and medical research. (ill.eu)
  • strongly
  • The answer to the question whether to use neutrons or X-rays in a particular experiment depends strongly on the materials the object under investigation is made of. (psi.ch)
  • Helium
  • Many neutron sources are equipped with liquid helium cooling systems that allow data collection at temperatures down to 4.2 K. The superb high angle (i.e. high resolution ) information means that the atomic positions in the structure can be determined with high precision. (wikipedia.org)
  • nitrogen
  • The discovery of the neutron explained a puzzle involving the spin of the nitrogen-14 nucleus, which had been experimentally measured to be 1 ħ . (thefullwiki.org)
  • However, when nitrogen-14 was proposed to consist of 3 pairs of protons and neutrons, with an additional unpaired neutron and proton each contributing a spin of 1 ⁄ 2 ħ in the same direction for a total spin of 1 ħ, the model became viable. (thefullwiki.org)
  • undergo
  • In this role the burst of neutrons would cause nearby warheads to undergo partial fission, preventing them from exploding properly. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientific
  • Parameters of neutron resonances are finding increasing interest, not only for scientific problems like the understanding of astrophysical processes but even more so for applications. (springer.com)
  • Health is one of the areas in which the scientific and technological impact of neutron technology has high visibility. (ill.eu)
  • structures
  • These packages now include a new generalized X-ray and neutron crystallographic analysis approach that provides more accurate and complete structures for biological macromolecules. (iucr.org)
  • Neutrons scattering has always been one of the most valuable tool for the study of the electronic structures. (ill.eu)
  • facilities
  • Neutron and synchrotron facilities, which are beyond the scale of the laboratory, and supported on a national level in countries throughout the world. (wiley.com)
  • detection
  • Neutron-based, explosive-detection technologies have been tried in the past. (asme.org)
  • The detection technology is based on a neutron generator that is 1,000 times stronger than conventional accelerator-based neutron generators. (asme.org)
  • Neutron time behavior and active background leads to efficient multi-tier decision process with a probability of detection of greater than 95% and a probability of false detection of less than 5%, in operationally relevant time frames. (asme.org)
  • interaction
  • The interaction between the neutron community and the theoretical community working in this field, using tools from statistical mechanics (including Monte-Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations) has a long history. (ill.eu)
  • radiation
  • The imaging techniques using neutrons provide images of the interior of a large variety of objects and thus resemble the technique used to produce medical X-ray images the main difference being that neutrons are used instead of X-ray radiation. (psi.ch)
  • A neutron bomb , officially defined as a type of enhanced radiation weapon (ERW), is a low yield thermonuclear weapon designed to maximize lethal neutron radiation in the immediate vicinity of the blast while minimizing the physical power of the blast itself. (wikipedia.org)