• The results obtained in Pr5, the VPM, and the cortex strongly suggest that the higher the station in the neuraxis, the greater the degree of plasticity after infraorbital nerve injury. (mtak.hu)
  • rather it exhibits a high degree of plasticity, which in turn forms the basis for learning and memory. (biologists.org)
  • To receive news and publication updates for Neural Plasticity, enter your email address in the box below. (hindawi.com)
  • The aim of the thesis is to develop tests for inducing and quantifying cocaine (COC) and methamphetamine (METH) motor-activating and rewarding effect, and investigate genetic mechanisms underlying such neural plasticity. (uniri.hr)
  • In particular, an answer to the question of how the relatively unspecific nature of TMS stimulation leads to specific neuronal reorganization, as well as a detailed picture of TMS-triggered reorganization of functional brain modules, is missing. (pnas.org)
  • Our findings will provide novel insight into the neuronal reorganization that takes place post-injury, which is needed if patients with peripheral nerve and central spinal deafferentation injuries are to be treated more effectively. (grantome.com)
  • Our study," adds the researcher "questions this dogma because we found that in periods of intense neuronal stimulation, but within physiological levels, presynaptic levels of clathrin decrease reversibly. (eurekalert.org)
  • HIP/PAP prevented the formation of cortical and white matter lesions and reduced neuronal death and glial activation following excitotoxic insults in vivo. (edu.au)
  • Although some studies showed the efficacy of phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors as neuronal plasticity enhancers, little is known about the effectiveness of these drugs to improve plasticity in cases of mental retardation. (jneurosci.org)
  • We have previously discovered that a novel class of lncRNAs, termed as enhancer RNA (eRNA), is dynamically expressed from functionally active neuronal enhancers. (postech.ac.kr)
  • The work of Pierre Magistretti has also revealed the importance of neuron/astrocyte energy coupling for the functioning of the stimulatory neuronal pathways ( PNAS , 1994), including those that secrete glutamate. (oilandgas360.com)
  • They will explore plasticity in higher-order auditory cortical fields, and investigate the possible role of top-down signals from frontal cortex in modulating adaptive plasticity in the auditory cortex. (umd.edu)
  • They will also test the idea that top-down influences from frontal areas contribute to the induction of rapid adaptive plasticity in the auditory cortex during auditory tasks, reflecting both the nature of the stimuli and goals of the tasks. (umd.edu)
  • Preliminary studies from simultaneous neuronal recordings of single units and local field potentials in the auditory and frontal cortex have already led to exciting new insights, and may lead to progress in understanding the interactions within an extended neuronal network that give rise to adaptive plasticity. (umd.edu)
  • Among the consequences of excessive activation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate are oxidative stress caused by free radical release from damaged mitochondria, neuronal death and subsequent loss of connectivity. (edu.au)
  • They will extend studies of task-related plasticity in the auditory cortex to a variety of new tasks involving speech stimuli, new behavioral paradigms (contrasting discrimination versus recognition). (umd.edu)
  • In vitro, HIP/PAP promoted neuronal survival, preserved neurite complexity and fasciculation, and protected cell contents from reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced damage. (edu.au)
  • We show that high-frequency TMS creates a transient cortical state with increased excitability and increased response variability, which opens a time window for enhanced plasticity. (pnas.org)
  • Sônia A. L. Corrêa and Katherine L. Eales, "The Role of p38 MAPK and Its Substrates in Neuronal Plasticity and Neurodegenerative Disease," Journal of Signal Transduction , vol. 2012, Article ID 649079, 12 pages, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • Using functional MRI together with electrophysiology, Attwell showed that the grey matter containing the neuronal cellular bodies consumes more energy than the white matter ( Journal of Cerebral Flow and Metabolism , 2001). (oilandgas360.com)
  • In this form of plasticity, either the amount of neurotransmitter released from the presynaptic terminal or its receptor function in the postsynaptic cell is modulated. (biologists.org)
  • Although these studies showed the efficacy of VINP in enhancing plasticity in normal subjects, little is known about the effectiveness of PDE inhibitors to improve plasticity in cases of severe cognitive impairment. (jneurosci.org)
  • Unlike other lncRNAs, the induction of eRNA is rapid and transient, and tightly regulated by external stimuli such as neuronal activity. (postech.ac.kr)
  • These advances have not yet, however, resolved the attributes of network plasticity, nor have they elucidated the cellular basis of any given behavior - owing primarily to our inability to monitor direct cellular activity at the level of larger neuronal ensembles. (biologists.org)
  • The A5 download Emerging Drugs and Targets for Alzheimer\'s Disease Volume 2: Neuronal Plasticity, Neuronal Protection and Other Miscellaneous Strategies analyses on the JavaScript of how difficult videos was aligned by the request and how black tonight had found as a mark. (terceirosetoronline.com.br)
  • Moderate to severe social stress appears to stimulate plasticity and neuronal growth in regions of the amygdala, whereas the effects in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex tend to be opposite. (ncbs.res.in)
  • The ability to monitor the activities of larger neuronal networks simultaneously and non-invasively is a necessary prerequisite to understanding how neuronal networks function at the systems level. (biologists.org)
  • Plasticity following injury to the adult central nervous system: is recapitulation of a developmental state worth promoting? (semanticscholar.org)