• For circuits of neurons, see Neural circuit . (wikipedia.org)
  • A neural pathway is the connection formed by axons that project from neurons to make synapses onto neurons in another location, to enable a signal to be sent from one region of the nervous system to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • In primary neurulation, the layer of ectoderm divides into three sets of cells: the neural tube (future brain and spinal cord), epidermis (skin) , and neural crest cells (connects epidermis and neural tube and will migrate to make neurons , glia , and skin cell pigmentation). (wikipedia.org)
  • 4. A neural computer as in claim 2, wherein each of said electronic neurons comprises a first current source for controlling said minimum level at said predetermined input threshold, differential amplifying means responsive to said first current source for varying said predetermined input threshold, and a second current source responsive to said differential amplifying means for establishing an externally adjustable threshold bias. (google.com)
  • Immature cells, such as neural stem cells, seem to do a better job because they can tolerate the hypoxia (lack of oxygen) and trauma of the brain grafting procedure better than post-mitotic or relatively mature neurons. (newswise.com)
  • The researchers did this work using donor cells from the sub-ventricular zone of the brain, an area called the "brain marrow," because it is analogous to bone marrow in that it holds a number of neural stem cells that persist throughout life and continuously produce new neurons that migrate to the olfactory system. (newswise.com)
  • A neural network with two inputs, one output, and three hidden neurons. (circuitcellar.com)
  • This is a neural network that, over time, learns not only by adjusting synaptic weights but also by growing new neurons and new connections (generally resulting in a recurrent neural network). (circuitcellar.com)
  • Neural tissue can generate oscillatory activity in many ways, driven either by mechanisms within individual neurons or by interactions between neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the level of neural ensembles , synchronized activity of large numbers of neurons can give rise to macroscopic oscillations, which can be observed in an electroencephalogram . (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to local synchronization, oscillatory activity of distant neural structures (single neurons or neural ensembles) can synchronize. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neural oscillations have been most widely studied in neural activity generated by large groups of neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Understanding how populations of neurons encode information is the challenge faced by researchers in the field of neural coding. (routledge.com)
  • The Neural Prosthetic Lab seeks to improve the effectiveness of CNS-based neural prosthetics by understanding how and why neurons respond to electric stimulation. (massgeneral.org)
  • By understanding the basic principles by which these neurons response to stimulation, we hope to be able to develop powerful new stimulation techniques that create specific patterns of neural activity-ideally, patterns that replicate one or more elements of the patterns used physiologically by the healthy retina. (massgeneral.org)
  • We develop algorithms, systems and software architectures for automating reconstruction of accurate representations of neural tissue structures, such as nanometer-scale neurons' morphology and synaptic connections in the mammalian cortex. (mit.edu)
  • Neural computation is information processing performed by networks of neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive neural prosthetics. (nih.gov)
  • In the future, according to researchers, the devices - known as neural prosthetics - will help epileptics, persons with treatment-resistant depression and chronic pain, victims of Alzheimer's disease, wounded war veterans suffering post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury, persons with speech disabilities, and individuals who have sustained spinal cord injury and loss of limbs, among other applications in the research pipeline. (asme.org)
  • But before neural prosthetics can advance, engineers will be called on to make innovative use of materials to design and fabricate devices that allow sustained electronic functioning in the harsh environment of the human body, without causing tissue infection and other serious adverse conditions. (asme.org)
  • Research efforts have focused on enhancing the performance of various types of materials used in neural prosthetics, in addition to developing interface technologies that enable the micro devices to be safely implanted in human tissue for long periods. (asme.org)
  • Among the engineering challenges associated with neural prosthetics is the biocompatibility of the implant," says Dr. Sarah Felix, a lead research engineer at Lawrence Livermore and also a member of ASME. (asme.org)
  • Lawrence Livermore believes its devices and surgical methods can be expanded for future applications in deep brain and spinal cord simulation, which will enable physicians to advance neural prosthetics to the next level of human health and rehabilitation. (asme.org)
  • Each year, the National Institutes of Health spends $6.5 million on neural prosthetics R&D, and today several of the most prestigious medical research institutions in the U.S. - Case Western University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology among them - are engaged in promising clinical studies. (asme.org)
  • Many medical scientists believe the sky is the limit for neural prosthetics, but ultimately it is the engineering community that will need to design and fabricate devices that enable the realization of the promise of neural modulation for patients and their families. (asme.org)
  • Transistors with lipid membranes could make better interfaces for neural prosthetics. (technologyreview.com)
  • While neural dust does fall under the category of BCI, it also could be used in the field of neuroprosthetics (also known as neural prosthetics). (wikipedia.org)
  • Understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the development of specific neural circuits is not just an intellectual curiosity but also central to our ability to develop therapeutic approaches to repair damaged pathways in the future. (springer.com)
  • Neural circuits which process sensory information must therefore also represent the reliability of this information. (nature.com)
  • These behavioral effects imply that the neural circuits which mediate perception assess the uncertainty of sensory information. (nature.com)
  • Research projects include studies to understand how axons grow through the developing brain to form connections as well as studies to understand how various signaling pathways control neuronal polarity, axon guidance and the assembly of functional neural circuits. (unr.edu)
  • In recent decades, larval fruit flies have generally been considered as a promising model to examine neural locomotor circuits. (eurekalert.org)
  • The evidence suggests that these different architectures are unlikely to be found in pure form in most neural circuits, but are useful for guiding the experimental analysis of circuitry. (nih.gov)
  • This initiative aims to stimulate and support research investigating the neural circuits and dynamic patterns of brain activity involved in the perception, interpretation, and representation of multi-dimensional social and emotional cues. (nih.gov)
  • 3 To understand the mechanisms contributing to such perturbed social-emotional processes, we need a better understanding of how activity across neural circuits affects the perception, interpretation, and representation of multi-dimensional social and emotional cues. (nih.gov)
  • In our work, we seek to automate human intuition to develop a more thoroughly scalable approach to characterizing neural circuits. (mit.edu)
  • Neural networks applications by Patrick K. Simpson, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. (google.com)
  • The purpose of this work is a unified and general treatment of activity in neural networks from a mathematical pOint of view. (springer.com)
  • Computer scientists have researched and developed several varieties of artificial neural networks that model natural neural networks to some extent. (hindawi.com)
  • Nowadays, many applications that involve pattern recognition, feature mapping, clustering, classification and etc. use Neural Networks as an essential component. (codeproject.com)
  • In recent decades, several types of neural networks have been developed. (codeproject.com)
  • Pattern Recognition (specially OCR), Neural Networks, Image Processing and Machine Vision are my interests. (codeproject.com)
  • Here, we introduce cellular morphology neural networks (CMNs), based on multi-view projections sampled from automatically reconstructed cellular fragments of arbitrary size and shape. (nature.com)
  • Here we present cellular morphology neural networks (CMNs), which use multi-view projections to enable the supervised and unsupervised analysis of cell fragments of arbitrary size while retaining high resolution. (nature.com)
  • The Android Neural Networks API (NNAPI) is an Android C API designed for running computationally intensive operations for machine learning on Android devices. (android.com)
  • NNAPI is designed to provide a base layer of functionality for higher-level machine learning frameworks, such as TensorFlow Lite and Caffe2, that build and train neural networks. (android.com)
  • See the Android Neural Networks API sample to see one example of how to use NNAPI. (android.com)
  • These operations are specific to neural networks. (android.com)
  • IBM's experiment-centric deep learning service within IBM Watson® Studio helps enable data scientists to visually design their neural networks and scale out their training runs, while auto-allocation means paying only for the resources used. (ibm.com)
  • Train neural networks in parallel, using market-leading NVIDIA Tesla GPUs - K80, P100 and V100. (ibm.com)
  • Visually design your neural networks. (ibm.com)
  • Overlay accuracy-and-loss graphs in real time and track, then view, model hyperparameters to explore more deeply the training of your neural networks. (ibm.com)
  • Neural networks are a more sophisticated version of feature crosses. (google.com)
  • In essence, neural networks learn the appropriate feature crosses for you. (google.com)
  • Unlike their biological counterparts, artificial neural networks do not form such a close liason with symbolic reasoning: logic-based inference mechanisms and statistical machine learning constitute two major and very different paradigms in artificial intelligence with complementary strengths and weaknesses. (springer.com)
  • This carefully edited volume contains state-of-the-art contributions in neural-symbolic integration, covering `loose' coupling by means of structure kernels or recursive models as well as `strong' coupling of logic and neural networks. (springer.com)
  • www.generation5.org has some very good information on neural networks. (gamedev.net)
  • It is widely acknowledged that the successful application of neural computing requires a principled approach, and this module will use the recent advances in neural computing to explore neural networks in-depth. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • You will also learn to use neural networks in solving real world problems. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • Hayashi, Y. & Nakai, M. Automated Extraction of Fuzzy IF-THEN Rules Using Neural Networks. (springer.com)
  • The paper presents a new method based on neural networks to model the dynamic behavior of combustion pressure in SI engine cylinders, represented only by conventional input-output data. (sae.org)
  • I am not a neural networks expert, so if someone comes along and contradicts me, they''re probably right. (gamedev.net)
  • There was a great invited talk at PRICAI''00 on ''Information Geometry of Neural Networks'' (by Shun-ichi Amari). (gamedev.net)
  • While it is a bit beyond what most people in this forum would consider ''fun reading material'', it does highlight some very interesting points about learning in neural networks. (gamedev.net)
  • Dr Gopinath O. Chandroth recently visited the Lodge and gave a seminar on Fault Diagnosis of Machinery using Neural Networks, the subject of his recent doctoral research at the University of Sheffield. (wessex.ac.uk)
  • In addition, the book describes alternative approaches based on simulations with neural networks and in silico modeling in this highly interdisciplinary topic. (routledge.com)
  • Artificial neural networks (ANN) is subfield of the research area machine learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • CDC urges all women of reproductive age to get 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid every day, in addition to consuming food with folate from a varied diet, to help prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). (cdc.gov)
  • Current evidence suggests that folic acid supplementation in the periconceptional period, either alone or in combination with other vitamins and minerals, can prevent neural tube defects. (who.int)
  • Most women are advised to begin a daily supplement of folic acid and prenatal vitamins several months before trying to become pregnant to help prevent neural tube defects from occurring. (wisegeek.com)
  • Scientists have long employed neural oscillators as a method to study neuron/ganglia-based processes that serve as central pattern generators for various organisms and as a method to generate control and coordination signals for various robotic mechanisms. (hindawi.com)
  • In the last decade, profound studies on neural mechanisms underlying acupuncture analgesia predominately focus on cellular and molecular substrate and functional brain imaging and have developed rapidly. (nih.gov)
  • The advances in neuroimaging technologies have led to substantial progress in understanding the neural mechanisms of cognitive functions. (springer.com)
  • The present book comprehensively explores current approaches and contributions to understanding the neural mechanisms of thinking in a concise and readable manner. (springer.com)
  • Despite these apparent differences in modes of locomotion, both vertebrate and invertebrate species share, at least in part, comparable neural control mechanisms for locomotor rhythm and pattern generation and modulation. (eurekalert.org)
  • They emphasize that understanding the mechanisms connecting the brain and the bones could have implications for possible future therapies to better deal with osteoporosis and various neural disorders. (redorbit.com)
  • The Institute for Brain and Neural Systems at Brown University is an interdisciplinary research group dedicated to discovering the biological mechanisms that underlie learning and memory storage. (brown.edu)
  • The possible roles of neural oscillations include feature binding , information transfer mechanisms and the generation of rhythmic motor output . (wikipedia.org)
  • Shorter neural pathways are found within grey matter in the brain , whereas longer projections, made up of myelinated axons, constitute white matter . (wikipedia.org)
  • In the hippocampus there are neural pathways involved in its circuitry including the perforant pathway , that provides a connectional route from the entorhinal cortex to all fields of the hippocampal formation , including the dentate gyrus , all CA fields (including CA1), and the subiculum . (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, most neural pathways are made up of axons . (wikipedia.org)
  • Is the Subject Area "Neural pathways" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • Aside from leading them along the same path over and over again, how can we speed up our students' navigation of neural pathways? (edutopia.org)
  • Each of these subsystems has its own, distinct neural pathways. (redorbit.com)
  • A test known as synchronous neural interaction (SNI) has been shown to effectively distinguish between the patterns of abnormal brain activity seen in persons with PTSD and the patterns of typical brain activity observed in healthy persons. (britannica.com)
  • First, given that establishing shared symbols requires taking into account the inferred knowledge of the interlocutor ["audience design" ( 17 ⇓ - 19 )], the generation and comprehension of those symbols should involve neural patterns associated with flexible conceptual knowledge ( 20 ⇓ ⇓ - 23 ), rather than sensorimotor couplings with limited generalization patterns ( 9 , 24 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 28 ). (pnas.org)
  • The neurological mechanism used for generating rhythmic patterns for functions such as swallowing, walking, and chewing has been modeled computationally by the neural oscillator. (hindawi.com)
  • In this paper, the authors approach neural oscillators from a programmer's point of view, providing background and examples for developing neural oscillators to generate rhythmic patterns that can be used in biological modeling and robotics applications. (hindawi.com)
  • For researchers wanting to apply the techniques of neural oscillators and/or central path generators for the programming robotic controls, modeling rhythmic patterns, and so forth, without the necessity of understanding complex theoretical mathematical models or learning how simple invertebrates swim, there appears to be no single source of basic information available. (hindawi.com)
  • From the eight blast-survivors, five of the brains showed unique patterns of neural damage. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In this example, you will build a neural network to learn the structural state (helix, sheet or coil) of each residue in a given protein, based on the structural patterns observed during a training phase. (mathworks.com)
  • Proper interconnection of the cells on a layer can produce a neural network which is sensitive to predetermined patterns or the passage of such patterns across a sensor array whose signals are input into the network. (google.ca)
  • Professor Seth Grant explains how different patterns of neural firing are critical to cognition. (dnalc.org)
  • Neural oscillations , or brainwaves , are rhythmic or repetitive patterns of neural activity in the central nervous system . (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers working with neural lace have tested the mesh-like structure on live mice with few negative impacts reported once full autopsies have been performed. (techworld.com)
  • Neural oscillations were observed by researchers as early as 1924 (by Hans Berger ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Opposite the primitive streak in the embryo, ectodermal tissue thickens and flattens to become the neural plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signaling proteins are also important in neural plate development, and aid in differentiating the tissue destined to become the neural plate. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the region containing presumptive epidermis and neural plate tissue is isolated, small neural folds will form. (wikipedia.org)
  • But as use of neural implants grows, so does concern over the damage that those devices can impose on neural tissue. (technologyreview.com)
  • If you have lots of surface area, you can inject current more efficiently," says Douglas McCreery, director of the Neural Engineering Program at the Huntington Medical Research Institute, in Pasadena, CA. "That means less demand on batteries, but, probably more importantly, you're not recruiting the nasty electrochemical reactions that might be hazardous to surrounding tissue. (technologyreview.com)
  • In experiments with auditory prosthetic applications, the microelectrodes comprising the neural interface are embedded in the polymer, which allows the device to move naturally and conform to live tissue in which it is implanted. (asme.org)
  • These materials have mechanical properties that mimic neural tissue more closely than traditional micro wires used in current cochlear and deep brain stimulating implants. (asme.org)
  • Conventional rigid neural devices are believed to cause micro tearing because the neural tissue is softer than the device. (asme.org)
  • Felix's team used the method to implant unique dual-sided polymer electrode arrays into brain tissue, and these arrays successfully recorded neural signals. (asme.org)
  • Shetty and his team took neural stem cells and implanted them into the hippocampus-which plays an important role in making new memories and connecting them to emotions-of an animal model, essentially enabling them to regenerate tissue. (newswise.com)
  • as the foetus develops, the neural tube becomes a more complex structure, which eventually makes up the bones, connective tissue and nerves that form the spinal column and the nervous system. (medic8.com)
  • Existing algorithms provide relatively good accuracy but are unacceptably slow, and would require years to extract connectivity graphs from even a single cubic millimeter of neural tissue. (mit.edu)
  • While many comparable devices use electromagnetic waves (such as radio frequencies) to interact with wireless neural sensors , use of ultrasound offers the advantages of higher spatial resolution as well as decreased attenuation in the tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of neural dust in conjunction with motor prostheses could allow for a much finer control of movement While methods of electrical stimulation of nerves and brain tissue have already been employed for some time, the size and wireless nature of neural dust allows for advancement in clinical applications of the technique. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cognitive neural prosthetic (CNP) is a very versatile method for assisting paralyzed patients and patients with amputations. (nih.gov)
  • Schematic representation of a cognitive neural prosthetic. (nih.gov)
  • A ) Schematic of areas in the cortex where cognitive signals can be recorded for neural prosthetic applications. (nih.gov)
  • The Cognitive & Neural Sciences area is a multidisciplinary group encompassing several foundation disciplines, and offering a flexible training program that may be tailored to individual interests. (sfu.ca)
  • Finally, the Cognitive and Neural Sciences area houses the clinical neuropsychology training specialization. (sfu.ca)
  • We apply a cognitive hierarchy model to classify subject's choices in the experimental game according to the degree of strategic reasoning so that we can identify the neural substrates of different levels of strategizing. (repec.org)
  • Neural oscillations and synchronization have been linked to many cognitive functions such as information transfer, perception, motor control and memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, neural oscillations have been linked to cognitive states, such as awareness and consciousness . (wikipedia.org)
  • a processor for providing said first configuration signals to said synapse modules for modifying synaptic weights associated with said synapse modules and said second configuration signals to said switching modules for reconnecting said electronic neuron modules and synapse modules in accordance with a desired neural computing architecture. (google.com)
  • 6. A neural computer as in claim 5, wherein each of said switching modules comprises an array of analog switches for connecting each respective electronic neuron module to said synapse modules as specified by said second configuration signals and means for controlling time constants of transfer functions of said synapses. (google.com)
  • We propose a model of visual cortex in which average neural response strength encodes stimulus features, while cross-neuron variability in response gain encodes the uncertainty of these features. (nature.com)
  • The therapy circuit is configured to deliver neural stimulation to the carotid sinus of the subject to stimulate respiration and to adjust respiration to maintain the value of the respiration parameter within the target value range. (google.de)
  • a therapy circuit configured to deliver neural stimulation to one or more carotid baroreceptors at the carotid sinus of the subject to stimulate respiration and deliver neural stimulation to the vagal nerve to depress respiration to maintain the value of the respiration parameter within the target value range. (google.de)
  • In an example method, an electrical signal is delivered from an implanted medical device to an electrode chronically implanted in a blood vessel proximate a nerve trunk to transvascularly deliver neural stimulation from the electrode to the nerve trunk. (google.es)
  • wherein the control circuit is configured to initiate delivery of neural stimulation to the carotid sinus in response to the respiration parameter satisfying the respiration apnea detection threshold and the central apnea recognition circuit identifying the respiration apnea as central apnea. (google.de)
  • This year Society for the Neural Control of Movement organize 28th conference in Santa Fe (New Mexico), April 30 - May 4, 2018. (northeastern.edu)
  • This indicates that life-threatening side effects are possible when neural therapists inject deeply into internal structures and organs, the article warned. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Managed training means you focus on designing optimal neural network structures. (ibm.com)
  • Neural crest cells are migratory cells responsible for the formation of many different anatomical structures located throughout the body. (wisegeek.com)
  • The position of the neural crest cell within the body after its migration has ended helps determine the eventual differentiation of the cell into specific anatomical structures. (wisegeek.com)
  • Now called cranial neural crest cells, they will contribute to the formation of the connective tissues, cartilage, and skeletal structures of the head and facial features. (wisegeek.com)
  • Doctor Abraham Zangen discusses the key structures underlying the brain reward system, a complex neural network that includes the nucleus accumbens and hippocampus. (dnalc.org)
  • 2. The neural sensor of claim 1 wherein the vector fusion section further comprises a vector decoupler receiving the first and second order feature vectors, obtaining an average component value of all elements of each feature vector and subtracting the average component value of each feature vector from the component value of each element of each feature vector. (google.co.uk)
  • 4. The neural sensor of claim 1 wherein the second order processing section further comprises a gradient pattern processor receiving the input pattern array and generating gradient vectors reflecting selected differences between elements of the input pattern array. (google.co.uk)
  • 5. The neural sensor of claim 1 wherein the pattern array former comprises an array of photo transducers converting optical raw input data into the pattern array, the pattern array corresponding to an array of pixels forming a visual image, the pattern array former further dividing the array of pixels into a selected number of equal radial sectors having a common point at a central pixel of the image. (google.co.uk)
  • 5. A neural computer as in claim 1, wherein each modifiable synapse module comprises a plurality of synapses and means associated with each of said synapses for storing said first configuration signals from said processing means as synaptic weights associated with each corresponding synapse. (google.com)
  • 2. The neural network of claim 1 wherein means for transforming the input signal to the corresponding conductance is formed from the parallel combination of a plurality of transistors having conductances that are individually controlled in accordance with the states of the one or more neighboring cells. (google.ca)
  • This has been done for spinal cord pain, obesity, anorexia… what hasn't been done is the reading and writing of neural code. (techworld.com)
  • No. 7,166,277, has a term extending to 2024 and claims the use of human neural stem cells to remyelinate endogenous host cells, such as to treat spinal cord injury. (cnbc.com)
  • The formation of the neural plate starts when dorsal mesoderm signals ectodermal cells above it to lengthen into columnar neural plate cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3. A neural computer as in claim 2, wherein said analog multiplexer comprises a shift register for sequentially shifting said output analog signals to said output line. (google.com)
  • This signals the cells to undergo an epithelial-mesenchymal transitionary phase, separating from the ectoderm of the neural plate before migrating throughout the vertebrate's body. (wisegeek.com)
  • Human neural stem cells are the main target of Zika virus infection. (eurekalert.org)
  • Immunofluorescence of neural stem cells, nuclei are in yellow, cytoplasm in pink. (eurekalert.org)
  • We're very excited to see that the aged hippocampus can accept grafted neural stem cells as superbly as the young hippocampus does and this has implications for treating age-related neurodegenerative disorders," said Bharathi Hattiangady, assistant professor at the Texas A&M College of Medicine and co-first author of the study. (newswise.com)
  • It's interesting that even neural stem cell niches can be formed in the aged hippocampus. (newswise.com)
  • For this latest research, the team found that the neural stem cells engrafted well onto the hippocampus in the young animal models (which was expected) as well as the older ones that would be, in human terms, about 70 years old. (newswise.com)
  • This is called creating a new 'niche' of neural stem cells, and these niches seemed to be functioning well. (newswise.com)
  • We have a new technique of preparing the donor neural stem cells," Shetty said. (newswise.com)
  • The portfolio broadly claims the manufacture and proliferation of purified populations of human neural stem cells and their use as therapeutics and as tools for drug discovery. (cnbc.com)
  • The acquisition relieves the Company of all milestone and royalty obligations under the license agreements for products claimed by the patents, such as products derived from the Company's proprietary HuCNS-SC® cells (purified human neural stem cells). (cnbc.com)
  • The Company's proprietary HuCNS-SC® cells (purified human neural stem cells) are currently in development as a potential treatment for a broad range of central nervous system disorders. (cnbc.com)
  • His current work involves making computers work more like brains and using these neural systems to solve complex problems like which medicines will work for an individual and attempting to predict earthquakes. (radionz.co.nz)
  • In practice, a medical treatment could introduce thousands of neural dust devices into human brains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Share experiments, debug neural architectures, access common data within hosted object stores and forward versioned models to your team, helping them to feed data into a continuous learning flow. (ibm.com)
  • In Neural Development: Methods and Protocols , experts in the field contribute commonly used protocols to facilitate future research in developmental neuroscience. (springer.com)
  • Research suggests that polymer is more compatible with the human body than the silicon in conventional neural probes used in neuroscience studies. (asme.org)
  • This physiological research provides the neural signature of what I and my colleagues have referred to for years as an "amygdala hijack. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Neural lace made headlines this year with Elon Musk launching Neuralink, a medical research company that aims to merge the human brain with intelligent computers. (techworld.com)
  • Using magnetoencephalography, we assess spectral, temporal, and spatial characteristics of neural activity evoked when people generate and understand novel shared symbols during live communicative interactions. (pnas.org)
  • This distorts retinotopy (the correspondence between the spatial pattern of the stimulus and the spatial pattern of elicited neural activity) which is likely to contribute to the poor quality of percepts reported during clinical trials. (massgeneral.org)
  • Frank H. Guenther is Professor in the Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences and in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Boston University, where he is also Director of the CNS Speech Laboratory and the Neural Prosthesis Laboratory. (mit.edu)
  • For example if I want to create a neural network with 5 inputs and 5 hidden units in the hidden layer (including the bias units) and make it fully connected. (stackoverflow.com)
  • A neural pathway connects one part of the nervous system to another using bundles of axons called tracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neural plate is a key developmental structure that serves as the basis for the nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neural scarring, referred to as astrogliosis, was observed in specific parts of the nervous system. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Neural oscillations are observed throughout the central nervous system at all levels, and include spike trains , local field potentials and large-scale oscillations which can be measured by electroencephalography (EEG). (wikipedia.org)
  • While the terms can sometimes be used interchangeably, the main differences is that while BCI generally interface neural activity directly to a computer, neuroprosthetics tend to connect activity in the central nervous system to a device meant to replace the function of a missing or impaired body part. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some examples of neural prostheses include cochlear implants that can aid in restoring hearing, artificial silicon retina microchips that have shown to be effective in treating retinal degeneration from retinitis pigmentosa, and even motor prostheses that could offer the capability for movement in those affected with quadriplegia or disorders like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Devices that record and translate neural activity are also under development for people with severe paralysis. (technologyreview.com)
  • However, it's not yet clear how they'll fare in the long term, which is one of the biggest problems facing chronic implants-especially devices that record neural activity. (technologyreview.com)
  • Solving those communicative problems induced comparable changes in the spectral profile of neural activity of both communicators and addressees. (pnas.org)
  • However, which aspect of neural activity represents uncertainty remains a topic of debate. (nature.com)
  • We found a correlation between levels of strategic reasoning and activity in a neural network related to mentalizing, i.e. the ability to think about other's thoughts and mental states. (repec.org)
  • A well-known example of macroscopic neural oscillations is alpha activity . (wikipedia.org)
  • Oscillatory activity in the brain is widely observed at different levels of organization and is thought to play a key role in processing neural information. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sensors may be used to study, monitor, or control the nerves and muscles and to remotely monitor neural activity. (wikipedia.org)