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  • Physiology
  • The work of both men served to refute the view by their teacher, Johannes Müller, that the nerve impulse was an example of a vital function that could never be measured experimentally, and their collaboration with a remarkable group of physiologists, composed by Carl Ludwig and Ernst von Brücke was very important to reduce physiology to applied physics and chemistry, a trend that has dominated physiology and medicine ever since. (cerebromente.org.br)
  • Because subjective or clinical indicators of neuropathy do not always match well with the presence of abnormal nerve physiology tests, we evaluated associations to nerve conduction in patients with type 1 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Peroneal Nerve
  • We therefore set out to study the cross-sectional association among cardiovascular risk factors, anthropometric measures, the presence of complications, and ulnar, sural, and peroneal nerve conduction in individuals with type 1 diabetes who participated in the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study (EPCS). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Neurology
  • Nerve conduction studies and needle EMG are commonly performed by physical medicine and rehabilitation or neurology specialists to assess the ability of the nervous system to conduct electrical impulses and to evaluate nerve/muscle function to determine if neuromuscular disease is present. (medscape.com)
  • sural nerve
  • By sural nerve in calf and ankle, simple and useful DPN-Check device showed accurate NCS for the assessment of DPN [ 10 , 11 ].Authors have reported lots of studies for years concerning diabetes including low carbohydrate diet (LCD), lipid metabolism, exercise, and ketone bodies [ 12 - 15 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • A randomised controlled study was conducted by measuring antidromic nerve conduction on the peripheral sural nerve of healthy subjects (n=64). (chiroeco.com)
  • electrophysiology
  • In electrophysiology, among others, the German physiologist Julius Bernstein (1839-1917) made a great number of contributions to the understanding of how the nerve membranes were polarized and depolarized during the action potential (a term coined by him). (cerebromente.org.br)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used the model of streptozotocin-induced diabetic neuropathy (SDN) and evaluated the efficacy of LA supplementation in improving nerve blood flow (NBF), electrophysiology, and indexes of oxidative stress in peripheral nerves affected by SDN, at 1 month after onset of diabetes and in age-matched control rats. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Diagnosis
  • Intercostal nerve conduction study has proved to be an accurate technique in diagnosis of thoracic radiculopathy in 161 patients, 80 of whom had subsequent posterior rhizotomy with relief of pain in 81% of those undergoing surgery. (bmj.com)
  • neuropathies
  • These studies, in conjunction with the physical examination and correlation to a set of normative values, assist the electromyographer in diagnosing a multitude of nerve disorders, including entrapment neuropathies, brachial plexopathies, and polyneuropathies. (medscape.com)
  • [ 5 ] Peripheral sensory nerves can be used to localize a lesion in relation to the dorsal root ganglion that contains the cell body of the nerve, allowing differentiation of preganglionic disorders (eg, radiculopathies, cauda equina lesions, posterior column disease) from postganglionic disorders (eg, neuropathies, plexopathies). (medscape.com)
  • parameters
  • Based on these results, it can be concluded that LED irradiation, applied to intact skin at the described irradiation parameters, produces an immediate and localized effect upon conduction characteristics in underlying nerves. (chiroeco.com)
  • clinical
  • However, at the onset of neuropathy, clinical measures of dysfunction are often dissociated from the presence of abnormalities on nerve conduction studies (NCSs), which are considered by many to be the gold standard for nerve damage and the most consistent indicator of subclinical (largely asymptomatic) neuropathy ( 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We have previously highlighted the importance of conventional cardiovascular risk factors in the etiology of clinical neuropathy in individuals with type 1 diabetes ( 9 ), but their association to earlier abnormalities in nerve conduction is less certain. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • diseases
  • The EMG portion involves placing a recording pin (like a fine wire antenna) into various muscles, looking for 'muscle distress signals' that could suggest nerve or muscle diseases/problems. (healthtap.com)
  • median nerve
  • A condition in which the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist by enlarged tendons or ligaments. (hopkinsmedicine.org)