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  • receptors
  • Cytokinins are perceived by membrane-localized histidine-kinase receptors and are transduced through a His-Asp phosphorelay to activate a family of transcription factors in the nucleus. (biologists.org)
  • synthesis
  • Interestingly plants have different sets of tRNA s with different cytokinins that participate in protein synthesis in the cytoplasm and the plastids. (csbsju.edu)
  • meristem
  • We show that the increased growth of the primary root is linked to an enhanced meristematic cell number, suggesting that cytokinins control the exit of cells from the root meristem. (plantcell.org)
  • ribosides
  • but cytokinins can also exist in inactive forms as ribosides (in which a ribose sugar is attached to the N 9 nitrogen of the purine ring) and as ribotides (in which the ribose moiety contains a phosphate group). (biologists.org)
  • Arabidopsis
  • The targeted disturbance of this balance, leading to increased activity of inflorescence and floral meristems and higher seed yield in rice ( Oryza sativa L.) [ 14 ] and Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana L.) [ 15 ], has recently provided evidence for the importance of cytokinins in reproductive development and hence crop productivity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • increase yields
  • John Burke, director of the ARS Cropping Systems Research Laboratory in Lubbock, Texas, found that applying cytokinins to cotton crops can increase yields in water-limited environments with reduced irrigation or no irrigation. (bio-medicine.org)
  • concentration
  • To be effective, the cytokinins should be applied at a relatively low concentration to cotton seeds or to cotton plants at an early stage of development. (bio-medicine.org)
  • M.L. Jones, unpublished data), but the response depended on the type and concentration of cytokinin and the stage of flower development. (plantphysiol.org)
  • coconut
  • There has also been some interesting research regarding the cytokinin content of coconut water, which in the future may show some anti-cancer properties. (draxe.com)
  • Coconut water kefir is also especially great for digestion due to the lauric acid it naturally contains. (draxe.com)
  • Biology
  • Different AtCKX-green fluorescent protein fusion proteins were localized to the vacuoles or the endoplasmic reticulum and possibly to the extracellular space, indicating that subcellular compartmentation plays an important role in cytokinin biology. (plantcell.org)
  • roots
  • This is known in part because roots can be cultured (grown in artificial medium in a flask) without added cytokinin, but stem cells cannot. (csbsju.edu)
  • plants
  • In the past, because of the lack of specific mutants and biochemical tools, it was not possible to analyze cytokinin-deficient plants ( Faure and Howell, 1999 ). (plantcell.org)
  • promote
  • The live microorganisms present in kefir help promote the immune system to naturally suppress allergic reactions and aid in changing the body's response to the systemic outbreak points for allergies. (draxe.com)