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  • economic
  • They remained Native, but adapted various political, economic, and cultural aspects of their lives to better coexist with their new neighbors. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Perhaps the greatest positive force to appear in some time are the Indian tribal councils and economic development boards, many of which support the arts in their own areas, not only to augment income but also out of an awareness of the cultural value of those arts. (britannica.com)
  • This report describes an economic analysis of 50 cattle ranching operations on the Crow Indian Reservation in south-central Montana in the year 1964. (cdmhost.com)
  • In an effort to measure the relative economic success of these Crow cattle ranches, the net ranch income was related to size of ranch, to Indian blood quantum of the ranch operators, to 1953 Crow cattle ranch data, and finally to Northern Plains ranches for the years 1953 and 1964. (cdmhost.com)
  • survivors
  • After the ill-fated Battle of the Crater during the seige of Petersburg, survivors recounted how a group of mortally wounded Indian soldiers chanted a traditional death song before finally succumbing, inspiring others with their valor. (cowboysindians.com)
  • smallpox
  • Alfred Crosby writes about some of these diseases in his article The Columbian Exchange, " Smallpox was the worst and the most spectacular of the infectious diseases mowing down the Native Americans. (hubpages.com)
  • hunters
  • The Native Americans were skilled agriculturists, nomadic hunters, and food gatherers who lived in relatively egalitarian communities where both the women and men had equal responsibilities. (faqs.org)
  • The Natives were hunters and gatherers. (hubpages.com)
  • Involvement
  • Most Indian nations on the periphery of the organized states sought to avoid involvement in national issues that did not seem to affect their lives. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Columbus
  • Columbus College in Columbus, Georgia, as well as the Chattahoochie Indian Heritage Association, sponsor annual Yuchi homecomings near their old village sites in that area. (sciway.net)
  • The portal that Columbus opened when he first stepped foot on the soil of the New World in 1492 triggered a steady influx of European settlers, indelibly affecting the lives of Native Americans. (faqs.org)
  • Christopher Columbus and his crew landed in Hispaniola, an island in the Caribbean Sea, in the year1492, and by the year1600 most of the Natives were dead from disease. (hubpages.com)
  • The origin of venereal syphilis is referred to as the "Columbian hypothesis", it asserts that the disease causing agent Treponema pallidum originated in the New World and was spread in 1493 by Christopher Columbus and his crew, who acquired it from the Natives of Hispaniola through sexual contact. (hubpages.com)
  • organizations
  • Sparked by John Collier, then commissioner of Indian affairs, this body is one of the few governmental organizations set up specifically to promote, encourage, and revive native arts and crafts. (britannica.com)
  • This website provides access to Native American information and organizations, a forum for student discussions and publication of their project work, and tools for Native American research within the networked classroom. (42explore2.com)
  • found
  • The Indians found uses for such native American plants as rubber, tobacco, the sugar maple, and the cinchona tree (for quinine). (britannica.com)
  • In the midst of a war fought on land that once was theirs, over a nation that denied them citizenship, Native Americans found themselves faced with a dubious decision: Whose side should they be fighting for? (cowboysindians.com)
  • Plains
  • Boiled buffalo tongue was a delicacy and was served as the food of communion at the Sun Dance, a Lakota and Plains Indian courtship dance that also celebrated the renewal of spiritual life. (faqs.org)
  • Jonathan and his mom, my daughter Melissa, know that I'm "into" Native Americans, especially the horse tribes of the Plains and Plateau. (hubpages.com)
  • warriors
  • Army service also brought regular pay and food, adventure, and the continuation of an honorable tradition of Native warriors. (cowboysindians.com)
  • In addition, certain tobacco product advertisements have used visual images, such as American-Indian warriors, to target their product. (cdc.gov)
  • culture
  • They have worked for the revitalization of traditional culture by encouraging the use of native languages. (britannica.com)
  • The Indian minority was concerned less about the divisive issues of slavery and the preservation of the American Constitution than about their ongoing struggle to hold on to their remaining land and culture. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Health Service
  • This is the accessible text file for GAO report number GAO-05-789 entitled 'Indian Health Service: Health Care Services Are Not Always Available to Native Americans' which was released on September 30, 2005. (gao.gov)
  • Retrospective analysis of Indian Health Service hospital discharge records. (aappublications.org)
  • Each of these approaches has been used successfully by the tribes, often working in close partnership with the Indian Health Service (IHS) Injury Prevention Program. (aappublications.org)
  • It has also provided much-needed revenue to Indian Health Service (IHS) and Tribally operated facilities, allowing them to expand services and hire and retain more staff. (cbpp.org)