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  • tribal
  • Systematic efforts of assimilation removed many Native children from their tribal communities and placed in non-Indian-run residential schools. (nih.gov)
  • Indians living on the edge of incorporated states were better able to retain tribal autonomy, yet they were still strongly influenced by national and state political discourse. (cowboysindians.com)
  • East of the Mississippi, tribal lands had been so diminished that most of the 30,000 Indians in the Union did not live in powerful tribal units. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Perhaps the greatest positive force to appear in some time are the Indian tribal councils and economic development boards, many of which support the arts in their own areas, not only to augment income but also out of an awareness of the cultural value of those arts. (britannica.com)
  • survivors
  • After the ill-fated Battle of the Crater during the seige of Petersburg, survivors recounted how a group of mortally wounded Indian soldiers chanted a traditional death song before finally succumbing, inspiring others with their valor. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Peoples
  • Indian farmers were the first in the world to domesticate corn (maize), beans, squash, potatoes, tomatoes, and many other food plants that help feed the peoples of the world today. (britannica.com)
  • Native peoples had lived in the Americas for thousands of years when the first European explorers set foot on their land. (britannica.com)
  • The arrival of Europeans in the Americas proved devastating to the native peoples. (britannica.com)
  • Under colonial authorities and later under national and state governments, native peoples were subject to discriminatory political and legal policies well into the 20th, and even the 21st, century. (britannica.com)
  • Peoples of the American Arctic prefer the term Native Alaskan, Yupik, or Inuit. (britannica.com)
  • American Indians (AI) and Alaska Natives (AN) of the United States (US) , and First Nations (FN) peoples of Canada , experience higher rates of many chronic diseases . (claremont.edu)
  • The most active interest in American Indian art seems to have been less in products of still-living cultures than in prehistoric arts and less in the arts of prehistoric North American peoples than in "pre-Columbian art," which is generally understood to mean the works of the so-called high civilizations-notably the Maya, Aztec, Inca, and Moche . (britannica.com)
  • Kaiser Family Fou
  • SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of 2015 American Community Survey (ACS), 1-Year Estimates. (kff.org)
  • SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of the American Community Survey pooled data (2011-2013). (kff.org)
  • Health Service
  • Retrospective analysis of Indian Health Service hospital discharge records. (aappublications.org)
  • The Indian Health Service (IHS), the federal agency with the primary responsibility for the health care of AI/AN people, has sponsored an internationally recognized injury prevention program designed to reduce the risk of injury death by addressing community-specific risk factors. (aappublications.org)
  • Hospitalization records listing an encephalitis diagnosis were analyzed by using Indian Health Service direct/contract inpatient data. (ajtmh.org)
  • It has also provided much-needed revenue to Indian Health Service (IHS) and Tribally operated facilities, allowing them to expand services and hire and retain more staff. (cbpp.org)
  • Regions
  • By the time the Civil War started, Indians in settled regions experienced the conflict as members of larger communities whose movements they did not control. (cowboysindians.com)
  • warriors
  • In addition, certain tobacco product advertisements have used visual images, such as American-Indian warriors, to target their product. (cdc.gov)
  • Army service also brought regular pay and food, adventure, and the continuation of an honorable tradition of Native warriors. (cowboysindians.com)
  • state
  • Active - as the Savannah River Band of Euchee (Uchean) Indians which is not a state nor a federally recognized organization. (sciway.net)
  • recognition
  • Many Native American artists are creating remarkable works in acrylic, tempera, oil, and related media, gaining recognition in the fine arts and establishing successful careers in the world at large. (britannica.com)
  • often
  • Here, Native Americans often live in isolation from broader society and the socioeconomic, educational and professional opportunities present there within. (allstarrchiro.net)
  • Together with the so-called Taos colony of artists, these influential people succeeded in bringing the values of Native American art to the attention of the outside world through publications, exhibitions, and their artworks, in which Indian design often figured predominantly. (britannica.com)
  • cultural
  • In addition to having our students learn about their Native American culture in our Native American Studies classes, the Akta Lakota Museum & Cultural Center is located on campus for students and visitors alike to broaden their knowledge of the Sioux culture, more specifically known by their dialects - Lakota, Dakota and Nakota. (stjo.org)
  • We have cultural experts on staff who teach about the Native American culture and also regularly invite Lakota (Sioux) elders and advisors to assist with ceremonies like Inipi, a purification rite, on campus. (stjo.org)
  • They remained Native, but adapted various political, economic, and cultural aspects of their lives to better coexist with their new neighbors. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Active
  • More active efforts to preserve American Indian art have been made in the United States than elsewhere. (britannica.com)
  • A program of exploration revealed surprising resilience in native crafts, and a core of still-active craftspeople who remembered older techniques was engaged to perpetuate their arts. (britannica.com)
  • culture
  • Sharing and preserving Native American culture and tradition is a core part of St. Joseph's mission! (stjo.org)
  • Our annual powwow , held each September, gives visitors the unique opportunity to learn about our students' Native American culture and traditions. (stjo.org)
  • The Indian minority was concerned less about the divisive issues of slavery and the preservation of the American Constitution than about their ongoing struggle to hold on to their remaining land and culture. (cowboysindians.com)
  • found
  • In the midst of a war fought on land that once was theirs, over a nation that denied them citizenship, Native Americans found themselves faced with a dubious decision: Whose side should they be fighting for? (cowboysindians.com)
  • organizations
  • Sparked by John Collier, then commissioner of Indian affairs, this body is one of the few governmental organizations set up specifically to promote, encourage, and revive native arts and crafts. (britannica.com)
  • less
  • These subsidies are currently available to AI/ANs with incomes less than 300 percent of poverty, and ensure that they incur no cost-sharing when receiving essential health benefits from non-Indian health providers. (cbpp.org)
  • For many American Indians, the impending conflict created no less of a crisis than it did for the dominant society. (cowboysindians.com)
  • Out of this program came a renaissance that still continues, even after the board has become less influential, as the native artist more and more finds himself in his art. (britannica.com)
  • children
  • Eighty-two respondents who had attended Indian boarding school as children were compared to respondents with no history of boarding school with respect to mental health and substance use. (nih.gov)
  • Native American children also die as a result of fire and burn injury at 2.8 times the rate of white children. (aappublications.org)
  • themselves
  • Yet the Indian sharpshooters proved themselves time and time again in the grueling Virginia battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Petersburg. (cowboysindians.com)
  • However
  • Those groups well beyond the white frontier in "Indian Country," however, generally lived with little concern for U.S. politics. (cowboysindians.com)