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  • neck muscles
  • To examine the role of the ventral neck muscles in lateral geze shift, the eye and head movements towards a visual target were analyzed in subjects with unilateral neck dissection and normal subjects. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Moreover, when the subjects were ordered to continue to maintain their gaze direction towards the imaginary target after the target lamp was off, the patient showed a tendency that their gaze gradually deviated to the nasal direction due solely to unsteadiness of the eye position, probably reflecting a loss of appropriate afferent signals form the neck muscles to the oculomotor center. (nii.ac.jp)
  • function
  • Publications] Suzuki T: 'Function of the Sterno-Cleid-Mastoid muscle(SCM)in the Lateral gaze shiff' Anthovopol Sci. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] Suzuki, T.: 'Function of the sterno-cleid-mastoid muscle (SCM) in the lateral gaze. (nii.ac.jp)
  • immunohistochemical
  • Immunohistochemical staining revealed that muscle spindles in the vein-graft group were thinner and shorter. (eurekalert.org)
  • Dr. Youwang Pang and colleagues from the 180 Hospital of Chinese PLA used immunohistochemical and electrophysiological examinations to evaluate reinnervation of muscle spindles in rat gastrocnemius muscles after excision of 10-mm segments of the tibial nerves and bridging with autologous vein grafts. (eurekalert.org)
  • nerve
  • Motor reinnervation of skeletal muscle after repair of nerve defects using vein grafts has been confirmed both structurally and neurophysiologically. (eurekalert.org)
  • However, no previous studies have reported on sensory reinnervation of skeletal muscle after repair of nerve defects using vein grafts. (eurekalert.org)
  • These findings, published in the Neural Regeneration Research , suggest that repair of short nerve defects with autologous vein grafts provides comparable results to immediate end-to-end anastomosis in terms of sensory reinnervation of muscle spindles. (eurekalert.org)
  • Sensory reinnervation of muscle spindles after repair of tibial nerve defects using autogenous vein grafts. (eurekalert.org)
  • The results show morphometric changes in the experimental muscles compared with the controls in tem1s of diameter, sarcomere length, and sensory nerve terminal deformation. (bl.uk)
  • The effects of the venoms of the spiders Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus (black widow) and Latrodectus mactans hasselti (red back) on sensory nerve terminals in muscle spindles were studied in the mouse. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Each muscle fiber receives its own nerve impulses, which trigger fine and varied motions. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The study represents the first comparative analysis of the nerve supply of spindles in different muscles and in different species of mammal, and the first comprehensive anatomical/physiological study of the human muscle spindle. (grantome.com)
  • adult
  • For morphometry the right tenuissimus muscles of three adult cats, whose right hind limbs were fixed with the hip and knee flexed at various acute angles, have been compareed with the corresponding muscles from the fully extended left hind limbs of the same animals. (bl.uk)
  • In adult vertebrates, sensory neurons innervating stretch-sensitive muscle spindles make monosynaptic excitatory connections with specific subsets of motoneurons in the spinal cord. (jneurosci.org)
  • The result showed that muscle spindle composition and distribution were alike in young and adult masseter. (docme.ru)
  • As for the adult masseter, young masseter contained exceptionally large muscle spindles, and with the highest spindle density and most complex spindles found in the deep masseter portion. (docme.ru)
  • Also in the biceps, young spindles were alike adult spindles. (docme.ru)
  • mice
  • Additionally, it was found that chronic denervation of muscle spindles in normal mice did not affect the expression of dystrophin either at these sites or at the non-sensory regions of the sarcolemma. (ubc.ca)
  • impulse
  • While stretching the muscle spindle, an impulse is immediately sent to the spinal cord and a response to contract the muscle is received, for protecting it from being pulled forcefully or beyond a normal range. (physio-pedia.com)
  • proprioception
  • The present study aimed to identify the regions that process proprioception of the jaw-closing muscles using in vivo optical imaging with a voltage-sensitive dye in rats under urethane anesthesia. (frontiersin.org)
  • Muscle spindles play multifunctional roles contributing in proprioception, postural and movement control, motor learning and in plasticity of motor behaviors (Windhorst, 2007, 2008), in predicting future kinematic states by acting as forward sensory model (Dimitriou and Edin, 2010), and as suggested, in the genesis and spread of chronic muscle pain (Johansson et al. (docme.ru)
  • Similarly
  • Similarly, well-developed muscle spindles in young biceps reflect early need of reflex control in learning and C 2011 performing arm motor behavior. (docme.ru)
  • found
  • A mean of 5.1 ± 1.1 (range 3-7) MS was found in digastric muscles and mean of 0.5 ± 0.8 (range 0-2) in mylohyoideus muscles. (hindawi.com)
  • These researchers found that there were no significant differences in the number, size, or electrophysiological function of reinnervated muscle spindles between the two experimental groups. (eurekalert.org)