Loading...
  • BMIs
  • The current study aimed to compare knee muscle strength and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) in ACL-reconstructed patients with a variety of different BMIs. (springer.com)
  • Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare body compositions, knee muscle strength, and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) after ACL reconstruction in patients with different BMIs. (springer.com)
  • The BMIs of a 5-foot-10-inch, 200-pound running back with 6 percent body fat and a 5-foot-10-inch, 200-pound housewife with 40 percent body fat come out the same -- 28.8. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Well-muscled people are often given higher BMIs and the subsequent "medical" diagnosis of being overweight or obese. (bodybuilding.com)
  • People of Asian descent have different associations between BMI, percentage of body fat, and health risks than those of European descent, with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease at BMIs lower than the WHO cut-off point for overweight, 25 kg/m2, although the cutoff for observed risk varies among different Asian populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • for example, individuals with greater muscle mass or larger bones will have higher BMIs. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual's
  • It may also help prevent stress[citation needed] and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual's sex appeal or body image. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is defined as an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • Whether you're an athlete in training or just trying to maintain a healthy weight, Garmin Index smart scale provides the metrics you need to track progress and see results. (garmin.com)
  • Nineteen patient with normal body weight (59.4%) and 9 overweight subjects (19.6%) presented MAMA s p25. (drleonedds.com)
  • p25 showed low body weight values. (drleonedds.com)
  • For everyone else, it's a better gauge of body muscle vs. body fat than height-weight tables. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The only parameters that did not differ significantly between non-oncology patients and least one of breast cancer groups were mean body weight (about 150 lbs in the control group versus 146 to 162 lbs in the breast cancer patients) and total body water. (medpagetoday.com)
  • All it is, is weight to height ratio, so if you have a lot of muscle or whatever it's not a great indicator. (healthboards.com)
  • The UA Scale lets you see your weight and body-fat percentage. (livestrong.com)
  • The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern term "body mass index" (BMI) for the ratio of human body weight to squared height was coined in a paper published in the July 1972 edition of the Journal of Chronic Diseases by Ancel Keys and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • if not fully satisfactory, at least as good as any other relative weight index as an indicator of relative obesity" The interest in an index that measures body fat came with increasing obesity in prosperous Western societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caloric restriction diets typically lead to reduced body weight, yet reduced weight can come from other causes and is not in itself necessarily healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some studies, low body weight has been associated with increased mortality, particularly in late middle-aged or elderly subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • they are not about caloric intake to begin with, as body weight is influenced by many factors other than energy intake, Moreover, "the quality of the diets consumed by the low-body mass index individuals are difficult to assess, and may lack nutrients important to longevity. (wikipedia.org)
  • With a well engineered weighing system, body density can be determined with great accuracy by completely submerging a person in water and calculating the volume of the displaced water from the weight of the displaced water. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there were no errors whatsoever in measuring body density, the uncertainty in fat estimation would be about ± 3.8% of the body weight, primarily because of normal variability in body constituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and also enjoyment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anaerobic exercise also include weight training, functional training, eccentric training, Interval training, sprinting, and high-intensity interval training increase short-term muscle strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can contribute to maintaining a healthy weight, regulating digestive health, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weight gain is an increase in body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Body Mass Index (BMI) measures body weight in proportion to the square of height and defines optimal, insufficient, and excessive weight based on the ratio. (wikipedia.org)
  • He concludes that a 3500 calorie excess or deficit for a person meeting his assumptions, would lead to the gain or loss, respectively, of one pound of body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the physiology of weight gain and loss is complex involving numerous hormones, body systems and environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The system can be used to calculate a persons Body Mass Index (BMI) by dividing their weight (in kilograms) by the square of their height (in meters). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Body Mass Index is used to decipher an individuals excess body weight but not their excess body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although they are not directly convertible into measures of overall body fat weight and density, and research has questioned the connection between skinfold fat and deep body fat measurements, these measures are and have been used as rough indicators of body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing body weight is also thought to be linked to the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many other ways of reducing body fat including modifying diet or administrating diet pills, increasing energy expenditure, or surgically removing abdominal fat/surgical fitting of a gastric band in order to subside excess abdominal weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • The PLIN4 gene, along with PLIN2, PLIN3, and PLIN5, have been associated with variance in body-weight regulation and may be a genetic influence on obesity risk in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body weight is measured in kilograms, a measure of mass, throughout the world, although in some countries such as the United States it is measured in pounds, or as in the United Kingdom, stones and pounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strictly speaking, body weight is the measurement of weight without items located on the person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Practically though, body weight may be measured with clothes on, but without shoes or heavy accessories such as mobile phones and wallets and using manual or digital weighing scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the many formulas that have been used for estimating body weight, some include the APLS formula, the Leffler formula, and Theron formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Newer systems, such as the PAWPER tape, make use of a simple two-step process to estimate weight: the length-based weight estimation is modified according to the child's body habitus to increase the accuracy of the final weight prediction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body weight varies throughout the day, as the amount of water in the body is not constant. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers have since shown that the metabolism of certain drugs relates more to IBW than total body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other methods used in estimating the ideal body weight are body mass index and the Hamwi method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Machines like the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can accurately measure the percentage and weight of (fat, muscle, bone) in a body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anthropometry Bergmann's Rule Birth weight Body Mass Index (BMI) Body volume index Hesse's Rule Human height List of the heaviest people Obesity Emaciation Overweight Underweight Weight loss and weight gain Weight phobia So TY, Farrington E, Absher RK (June 2009). (wikipedia.org)
  • bone mineral
  • Short-term studies in humans report a loss of muscle mass and strength and reduced bone mineral density. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, comparing the bone mineral density of children to the reference data of adults (to calculate a T-score) will underestimate the BMD of children, because children have less bone mass than fully developed adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because DXA calculates BMD using area (aBMD: areal Bone Mineral Density), it is not an accurate measurement of true bone mineral density, which is mass divided by a volume. (wikipedia.org)
  • lean
  • Understanding the mechanisms through which this syndrome may affect cognition is important as it may inform efforts to prevent cognitive decline in later life by targeting at-risk groups with an imbalance between lean and fat mass. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • He has low body fat and has a lean mass percentage bigger than you or I could even imagine. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The authors of a 2007 review of the caloric restriction literature warned that "[i]t is possible that even moderate calorie restriction may be harmful in specific patient populations, such as lean persons who have minimal amounts of body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • specify] However, it has been suggested that, while very accurately measuring minerals and lean soft tissue (LST), DXA may provide skewed results due to its method of indirectly calculating fat mass by subtracting it from the LST and/or body cell mass (BCM) that DXA actually measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • perilipin-null mice are thinner, with more lean muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentages
  • UCLA researchers found that people with greater muscle mass percentages live longer than those who have less muscle. (bodybuilding.com)
  • Different authorities have consequently developed different recommendations for ideal body fat percentages. (wikipedia.org)
  • This graph from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States charts the average body fat percentages of Americans from samples from 1999-2004: In males, mean percentage body fat ranged from 22.9% at age 16-19 years to 30.9% at age 60-79 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • calculate
  • The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is used as an index of kidney function and the most frequently used diagnostic test to calculate GFR is the serum creatinine level. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • I took a nutrition class in college and even my professor, who was a licensed practicing nutritionist said that the BMI system was not very accurate, especially for athletes or people with more muscle mass. (healthboards.com)
  • In 1988-1994, 3,659 people-males over 55 and females over 65-were surveyed for their muscle mass index. (bodybuilding.com)
  • The results were clear: People with more muscle mass were less likely to die of natural causes. (bodybuilding.com)
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • normal people, who don't have so great a muscular mass, should stay into the fitness range in the table to be healthier. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media People with CTS experience numbness, tingling, or burning sensations in the thumb and fingers, in particular the index and middle fingers and radial half of the ring finger, because these receive their sensory and motor function (muscle control) from the median nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • The severity of disease is based on body mass index (BMI) in adults with mild disease having a BMI of greater than 17, moderate a BMI of 16 to 17, severe a BMI of 15 to 16, and extreme a BMI less than 15. (wikipedia.org)
  • frac
  • It is derived from the MUAC using the following formula: M U A A = M U A C 2 4 π {\displaystyle MUAA={\frac {MUAC^{2}}{4\pi }}} The mid-upper arm muscle circumference (MUAMC) is an estimation of the circumference of the bone and muscle portions of the upper arm. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is derived from the MUAMC using the following formula, with the MUAMC as above: M U A M A = M U A M C 2 4 π {\displaystyle MUAMA={\frac {MUAMC^{2}}{4\pi }}} The corrected mid-upper arm muscle area (CMUAMA) is an estimation of the area of the muscle portions of the upper arm, attempting to eliminate the area due to bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • deficits
  • In the U.S. human space program, the only in-flight countermeasure to skeletal muscle functional deficits that has been utilized thus far is physical exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Now, Garmin Index smart scale gives you a way to see the results of your active efforts and review those stats on Garmin Connect™, our free online fitness community. (garmin.com)
  • Some studies have not considered body mass as a confounder in analysis of oblique abdominis muscles (OAM) (including the oblique externus [OE] and oblique internus [OI]), which may have led to improper interpretation of results. (viamedica.pl)
  • An analysis of OAM without body mass normalisation can lead to improper interpretation of study results. (viamedica.pl)
  • Based on the results, researchers calculated each subject's muscle mass relative to his or her height. (bodybuilding.com)
  • Unloading of skeletal muscle, both on Earth and during spaceflight, results in remodeling of muscle (atrophic response) as an adaptation to the reduced loads placed upon it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other issues that may affect the results surrounding this method for children and adolescents includes their age, sex, ethnicity muscle and bone mass, their height as well as their sexual maturation levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anorexia nervosa, and the associated malnutrition that results from self-imposed starvation, can cause complications in every major organ system in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Increased body mass index (BMI) has been associated with poorer function in patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. (springer.com)
  • Half will show signs of diabetes by age 30 and will suffer a rapid decline in overall health and lung function, muscle mass and body mass index. (rxpgnews.com)
  • The BMI may also be determined using a table or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement (converted to metric units for the calculation). (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, there are cardiopulmonary and vascular changes, including a significant decrease in red blood cell mass, that affect skeletal muscle function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals affected by the disorder may ultimately lose the ability to initiate and control all voluntary movement, although bladder and bowel function and the muscles responsible for eye movement are usually spared until the final stages of the disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors
  • it is currently understood that the level of expression for each isoform is dependent on factors such as sex, body mass index, and level of endurance exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • assess
  • To assess the differences in the effect of age, gender, and physical activity between normalised for body mass and actual values of the OAM as well as to establish the effect of age, gender, and physical activity on normalised for body mass OAM thicknesses in adolescents. (viamedica.pl)
  • Special considerations are involved in the use of DXA to assess bone mass in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • calipers
  • The skin fold is pulled away from the muscle and measured with the calipers, taking a reading 4 seconds after the calipers have been released. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormal
  • A significant drop in potassium can cause abnormal heart rhythms, constipation, fatigue, muscle damage and paralysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • Total mortality was significantly lower in the 25 percent of individuals with the greatest muscle mass index compared to the 25 percent of individuals with the lowest. (bodybuilding.com)
  • One of the more famous of such studies linked a body mass index lower than 18 in women with increased mortality from noncancer, non−cardiovascular disease causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • strength
  • However, the effect of high BMI on muscle strength in these patients remained unclear. (springer.com)
  • Anthropometric parameters, body compositions, isokinetic muscle strength and KOOS were assessed preoperatively, and at post-operative 16th week and 28th week. (springer.com)
  • In comparison of muscle strength between baseline and 28th week follow-up, the normal BMI group had significant increases in overall knee muscle strength, while the high BMI group only had increases in extensors of uninjured knee and flexors of the injured knee. (springer.com)
  • The high BMI patients reported increased KOOS, which may reflect the contribution of ligament stability in the presence of inadequate muscle strength. (springer.com)
  • The normal BMI patients had improvement in all knee muscle strength following ACL reconstruction, while high BMI patients only had increases in certain knee muscles. (springer.com)
  • Increases in quadriceps muscle strength of the uninjured knee and ACL reconstruction were associated with improvements in KOOS in high BMI patients. (springer.com)
  • individuals
  • In 2004, researchers determined how many individuals had died from natural causes and correlated it with their muscle mass index. (bodybuilding.com)
  • Carl Lavie has written that, "The B.M.I. tables are excellent for identifying obesity and body fat in large populations, but they are far less reliable for determining fatness in individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • The widely used body mass index (BMI) provides a measure that allows the comparison of the adiposity of individuals of different heights and weights. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tensing of the rectus abdominis causes the muscle to expand between each tendinous intersection, resulting in the characteristic six or eight pack observed in individuals with low body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • calories
  • Reduce" can be defined relative to the subject's previous intake before intentionally restricting calories, or relative to an average person of similar body type. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is usually the result of consuming more calories than the body needs and not expending that energy by doing exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • total
  • Although it has been found that increased BMI is associated with slower muscle recovery as well as lower quadriceps muscle force in patients following total knee arthroplasty [ 20 ], whether this slow recovery occurs in ACL patients was previously unclear. (springer.com)
  • Total body mass includes both fat and muscle. (bodybuilding.com)
  • This study demonstrates the importance of muscle mass in overall life expectancy and highlights the necessity to look beyond total body mass when assessing health. (bodybuilding.com)
  • lower
  • In about 25% of cases, muscles in the face, mouth, and throat are affected first because motor neurons in the part of the brain stem called the medulla oblongata (formerly called the "bulb") start to die first along with lower motor neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, the inferior epigastric artery and vein (or veins) run superiorly on the posterior surface of the rectus abdominis, enter the rectus fascia at the arcuate line, and serve the lower part of the muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • human body
  • Whole-body air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a recognised and scientifically validated densitometric method to measure human body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types, depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes the body to use more oxygen than it would while resting. (wikipedia.org)
  • This property allows one to compare the ages of different areas of the human body using the same aging clock. (wikipedia.org)