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  • insulin
  • A level of 126 mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes, a condition in which your body doesn't produce enough insulin (which converts blood sugar into energy) or use insulin properly. (realsimple.com)
  • A malnourished body produces less insulin , and this inhibits the production of carbohydrates . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This occurs with an increase in glucose, and the body responds by secreting more insulin. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Specifically, we assume that glycemic control depends on whether the body's "metabolic capacity," referring to traits, such as pancreatic insulin production and muscle glucose clearance, is able to resolve the "metabolic load" generated by high levels of body fat, high dietary glycemic load, and sedentary behavior. (frontiersin.org)
  • Low carb diets restrict the amount of carbohydrates in the diet, because excess amounts of carbohydrates will cause the body to produce too much insulin. (groupvit.gq)
  • Insulin is a hormone telling the body to store rather than burn fat. (groupvit.gq)
  • It works by decreasing glucose production by the liver and increasing the insulin sensitivity of body tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • basal
  • Cachexia is characterized by increased muscle protein degradation, elevated basal metabolic rate and total energy expenditure, and either no change or reduction in FM . (deepdyve.com)
  • calculation
  • The BMI may also be determined using a table or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement (converted to metric units for the calculation). (wikipedia.org)
  • The bioelectrical impedance, for calculation of fat-free mass, was not measured in the first group of patients, but only in the last 58 patients. (springer.com)
  • type 2 diabet
  • Having fat around your abdomen ("apple" shape), regardless of your body size, could be a sign you have an increased risk for diseases such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes . (choice.com.au)
  • severely
  • Those with a BMI between 17 and 18.5 could be mildly malnourished, those with BMIs between 16 and 18 could be moderately malnourished and those with a BMI less than 16 could be severely malnourished. (news-medical.net)
  • According to the American Council on Exercise, women with less than ten percent body fat can severely compromise their ability to have children and have regular hormone function. (livestrong.com)
  • strength
  • However, the effect of high BMI on muscle strength in these patients remained unclear. (springer.com)
  • The current study aimed to compare knee muscle strength and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) in ACL-reconstructed patients with a variety of different BMIs. (springer.com)
  • Anthropometric parameters, body compositions, isokinetic muscle strength and KOOS were assessed preoperatively, and at post-operative 16th week and 28th week. (springer.com)
  • In comparison of muscle strength between baseline and 28th week follow-up, the normal BMI group had significant increases in overall knee muscle strength, while the high BMI group only had increases in extensors of uninjured knee and flexors of the injured knee. (springer.com)
  • The high BMI patients reported increased KOOS, which may reflect the contribution of ligament stability in the presence of inadequate muscle strength. (springer.com)
  • The normal BMI patients had improvement in all knee muscle strength following ACL reconstruction, while high BMI patients only had increases in certain knee muscles. (springer.com)
  • Increases in quadriceps muscle strength of the uninjured knee and ACL reconstruction were associated with improvements in KOOS in high BMI patients. (springer.com)
  • Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare body compositions, knee muscle strength, and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) after ACL reconstruction in patients with different BMIs. (springer.com)
  • The muscles of the body appear to waste away and may be left without adequate strength to carry out daily activities. (news-medical.net)
  • Muscle wasting and lack of strength in the muscles. (news-medical.net)
  • The abdomen is swollen because of lack of strength of the muscles of the abdomen. (news-medical.net)
  • Thus, this study describes fitness levels by Body Mass Index (BMI) category and the associations of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and Vitamin D levels with muscle strength, in community-dwelling older adults. (mdpi.com)
  • A cross-sectional study, with 1338 subjects having mean age of 78.3 years, were assessed in anthropometrics, muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness. (mdpi.com)
  • 0.002) and Vitamin D levels were positively associated with higher levels of muscle strength (β = 0.098, 95% CI: 0.008-0.189). (mdpi.com)
  • This fact has transverse effects in functional capacity, muscle mass, and strength, disabilities in activities of daily living and impaired quality of life in elderly population [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Finally, we showed that ALMI was the best linear explicator of muscle strength and physical function. (frontiersin.org)
  • In summary, MD can specifically be defined as a condition characterized by lower skeletal muscle quantity, lower muscle strength, and lower physical performance. (frontiersin.org)
  • as a condition that involves a loss of muscle mass and declining strength and/or physical performance. (frontiersin.org)
  • The best and easiest ways to stay healthy is to build our body strength in our proper charging of energy. (groupvit.gq)
  • Patients with COPD may have, in addition to a change in BMD, lowered fat-free mass (FFM), muscle strength, endurance capacity, BMI and heart failure. (springer.com)
  • immune
  • A healthy body requires a minimum amount of fat for proper functioning of the hormonal, reproductive, and immune systems, as thermal insulation, as shock absorption for sensitive areas, and as energy for future use. (wikipedia.org)
  • amounts
  • The BMI also has problems when it comes to assessing the health risks of the elderly because these individuals have typically lost considerable amounts of muscle mass. (hubpages.com)
  • systemic
  • Furthermore, the relationship of BMD with lung function and two parameters which are considered as parameters of systemic inflammation, namely BMI and FFM, were studied. (springer.com)
  • excess
  • Although women of all sizes can be healthy, an excess of body fat is correlated with an increased risk of many chronic diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension. (draliabadi.com)
  • When we burn fewer calories than we expend in our daily activities, the excess calories are stored as body fat. (draliabadi.com)
  • Crash dieting may cause your body to react like it is starving and pack excess fat as a response. (groupvit.gq)
  • severe
  • Over long term or even over a short term this may lead to severe debility and damage to the vital functions of the body. (news-medical.net)
  • Therefore, the specific aims of the current study were to examine the nutritional status of stable moderate to severe male COPD patients and to evaluate energy, macro- and micronutrient intakes in relation to fat free mass index profiles. (biomedcentral.com)
  • limitations
  • Self-reported limitations in physical function often have only weak associations with measured performance on physical tests, suggesting that factors other than performance commonly influence self-reports. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Self-reports of limitations in physical function are influenced by personal and health characteristics that reflect frailty, and should not be interpreted solely as measured difficulty performing the task. (biomedcentral.com)
  • One explanation for the weak correlations in these studies may be the problem of compensability: multi-item or summary measures do not identify which functions are most limited, the mean result might compensate for isolated limitations, and good performance on some measures might confound the association between other performance measures and their corresponding self-reported functions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • measurement
  • This measures the thickness of the layers of fat located under the skin, from which a general measurement of total amount of fat in the body is calculated. (wikipedia.org)
  • inadequate
  • consequently, some patients cannot perform the spirometry test and some therefore have an inadequate pulmonary function test. (termedia.pl)
  • We wanted to investigate the prevalence, the causes and the clinical predictors of inadequate pulmonary function test among SSc patients. (termedia.pl)
  • heart
  • The blood pumped from your heart to each organ removes waste from your cells to permit normal blood circulation throughout your body. (livestrong.com)
  • Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as your heart pumps it round your body. (choice.com.au)
  • Performing a physical exam, including checking the blood pressure, heart rate, and body temperature. (draliabadi.com)
  • Aerobic physical activity Aerobic (or endurance) physical activities use large muscle groups (back, chest, and legs) to increase heart rate and breathing for an extended period of time. (nih.gov)
  • indicates
  • Particularly when it indicates a too-low level of body fat, a low BMI can be dangerous to a woman's reproductive health. (livestrong.com)
  • affect
  • How Does Body Mass Affect the Cardiovascular System? (livestrong.com)
  • Despite the improved simplicity of this process over the years, however, a number of factors can affect the results, including hydration and body temperature, so it still needs some care when taking the test to ensure that the results are accurate. (wikipedia.org)
  • neck
  • Neck flexor muscle score and body mass index (BMI) were recorded during Medical Research Council follow-up using manual muscle testing method. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, the research aimed to explore the reliability indicators combination including risk (C) allele of the SNP (rs2275294) in the ZNF512B gene, neck flexor muscle power and body mass index, in order to establish reasonable pattern for ALS prognosis, and furthermore to imply appropriate medical intervention and health care as early as possible. (biomedcentral.com)
  • infection
  • 2 Patients with HIV infection and dilated cardiomyopathy have a much worse prognosis than HIV-positive individuals with normal cardiac function. (scielo.org.za)
  • patients
  • Increased body mass index (BMI) has been associated with poorer function in patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. (springer.com)
  • Although it has been found that increased BMI is associated with slower muscle recovery as well as lower quadriceps muscle force in patients following total knee arthroplasty [ 20 ], whether this slow recovery occurs in ACL patients was previously unclear. (springer.com)
  • vitamin
  • If you're using sunscreen (and you should), you're not only preventing sunburn, but the rays that deliver Vitamin D to your body as well. (personanutrition.com)
  • Levels of vitamin and electrolytes diminish as the body tries to adapt to starvation mode. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • processes
  • Calorie balance The balance between calories you get from eating and drinking and those you use up through physical activity and body processes like breathing, digesting food, and, in children, growing. (nih.gov)
  • Physiological and metabolic processes in the body undergo long-term changes as a result of restricted growth. (wikipedia.org)