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  • composition
  • Up to 16 people can be recognised by the smart scale and have their body composition metrics automatically uploaded directly to their own Garmin Connect accounts. (garmin.com)
  • The changing of body composition is an important hallmark of the ageing process, namely the consequences of the central obesity incidence [ 1 , 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Blood pressure and body composition both shifted in an unfavorable direction from baseline to the end of breast cancer therapy, whereas the non-oncology patients had no significant changes in cardiovascular risk parameters over a similar time period, reported John Keyserlingk, MD, of VM Medical in Montreal, and colleagues at the Breast Cancer Symposium . (medpagetoday.com)
  • A number of unfavorable body composition characteristics seem to be associated with women who have completed treatment for breast cancer," Keyserlingk and colleagues concluded in a poster presentation. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Many of these changes in body composition lead to an increase in risk in developing cardiovascular diseases and different types of metabolic problems. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Women should be advised of the long-term changes in body composition that may take place and what strategies can be used to minimize the risk of their occurrence," they said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The findings and observations came from data collected at an integrated health and wellness center established at Ville Marie to monitor body composition, activity level, and vital signs of women seen at a mammography center, including breast cancer survivors. (medpagetoday.com)
  • A principal objective of the study was to determine whether breast cancer treatment affected body composition and vital signs and, if so, whether the effects varied by type of treatment. (medpagetoday.com)
  • BMI was designed to be used as a simple means of classifying average sedentary (physically inactive) populations, with an average body composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, BMI does not account for whether the excess weight is fat or muscle, and is not a measure of body composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body composition and physical activity in end-stage renal disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The body fat percentage is a measure of fitness level, since it is the only body measurement which directly calculates a person's relative body composition without regard to height or weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most modern body composition laboratories today use the value of 1.1 kilograms per litre for the density of the "fat free mass", a theoretical tissue composed of 72% water (density = 0.993), 21% protein (density = 1.340) and 7% mineral (density = 3.000) by weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • bone
  • The BMI is an attempt to quantify the amount of tissue mass (muscle, fat, and bone) in an individual, and then categorize that person as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese based on that value. (wikipedia.org)
  • Machines like the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can accurately measure the percentage and weight of (fat, muscle, bone) in a body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscles and fat distribution may change from time to time, unlike bone structure, depending on food habits, exercises and hormone levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can contribute to maintaining a healthy weight, regulating digestive health, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • Nineteen patient with normal body weight (59.4%) and 9 overweight subjects (19.6%) presented MAMA s p25. (drleonedds.com)
  • p25 showed low body weight values. (drleonedds.com)
  • Whether you're an athlete in training or just trying to maintain a healthy weight, Garmin Index smart scale provides the metrics you need to track progress and see results. (garmin.com)
  • For everyone else, it's a better gauge of body muscle vs. body fat than height-weight tables. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The only parameters that did not differ significantly between non-oncology patients and least one of breast cancer groups were mean body weight (about 150 lbs in the control group versus 146 to 162 lbs in the breast cancer patients) and total body water. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern term "body mass index" (BMI) for the ratio of human body weight to squared height was coined in a paper published in the July 1972 edition of the Journal of Chronic Diseases by Ancel Keys and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • if not fully satisfactory, at least as good as any other relative weight index as an indicator of relative obesity" The interest in an index that measures body fat came with increasing obesity in prosperous Western societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • B M I = mass kg height m 2 = mass lb height in 2 × 703 {\displaystyle \mathrm {BMI} ={\frac {{\text{mass}}_{\text{kg}}}{{\text{height}}_{\text{m}}^{2}}}={\frac {{\text{mass}}_{\text{lb}}}{{\text{height}}_{\text{in}}^{2}}}\times 703} BMI provides a simple numeric measure of a person's thickness or thinness, allowing health professionals to discuss weight problems more objectively with their patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The weight excess or deficiency may, in part, be accounted for by body fat (adipose tissue) although other factors such as muscularity also affect BMI significantly (see discussion below and overweight). (wikipedia.org)
  • Increasing body weight is also thought to be linked to the development of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many other ways of reducing body fat including modifying diet or administrating diet pills, increasing energy expenditure, or surgically removing abdominal fat/surgical fitting of a gastric band in order to subside excess abdominal weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human body weight refers to a person's mass or weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body weight is measured in kilograms, a measure of mass, throughout the world, although in some countries such as the United States it is measured in pounds, or as in the United Kingdom, stones and pounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Strictly speaking, body weight is the measurement of weight without items located on the person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Practically though, body weight may be measured with clothes on, but without shoes or heavy accessories such as mobile phones and wallets and using manual or digital weighing scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excess or reduced body weight is regarded as an indicator of determining a person's health, with body volume measurement providing an extra dimension by calculating the distribution of body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the many formulas that have been used for estimating body weight, some include the APLS formula, the Leffler formula, and Theron formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Newer systems, such as the PAWPER tape, make use of a simple two-step process to estimate weight: the length-based weight estimation is modified according to the child's body habitus to increase the accuracy of the final weight prediction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body weight varies throughout the day, as the amount of water in the body is not constant. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers have since shown that the metabolism of certain drugs relates more to IBW than total body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other methods used in estimating the ideal body weight are body mass index and the Hamwi method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ideal body weight, specifically the Devine formula, is used clinically for multiple reasons, most commonly in estimating renal function in drug dosing, and predicting pharmacokinetics in morbidly obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anthropometry Bergmann's Rule Birth weight Body Mass Index (BMI) Body volume index Hesse's Rule Human height List of the heaviest people Obesity Emaciation Overweight Underweight Weight loss and weight gain Weight phobia So TY, Farrington E, Absher RK (June 2009). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, cartilage repair is a relatively slow process, the tissue being avascular, so the joint may suffer degradation due to the abnormal wear and tear, or may not support the body weight as intended. (wikipedia.org)
  • With a well engineered weighing system, body density can be determined with great accuracy by completely submerging a person in water and calculating the volume of the displaced water from the weight of the displaced water. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there were no errors whatsoever in measuring body density, the uncertainty in fat estimation would be about ± 3.8% of the body weight, primarily because of normal variability in body constituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • The shape of female breasts is affected by age, genetic factors, and body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weight loss in overweight women reduced stress incontinence, in women with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 25 and at least 10 episodes of urinary incontinence per week. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and also enjoyment. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMIs
  • The BMIs of a 5-foot-10-inch, 200-pound running back with 6 percent body fat and a 5-foot-10-inch, 200-pound housewife with 40 percent body fat come out the same -- 28.8. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • People of Asian descent have different associations between BMI, percentage of body fat, and health risks than those of European descent, with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease at BMIs lower than the WHO cut-off point for overweight, 25 kg/m2, although the cutoff for observed risk varies among different Asian populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • for example, individuals with greater muscle mass or larger bones will have higher BMIs. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • There are two parallel muscles, separated by a midline band of connective tissue called the linea alba. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bands of connective tissue called the tendinous intersections traverse the rectus abdominus, which separates this parallel muscle into distinct muscle bellies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the hip cannot move fully, the body compensates by adapting its use of the spine, often causing spinal, stifle (a dog's knee joint), or soft tissue problems to arise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mammary glands do not contain muscle tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIF1 expression has been seen to increase in vascular tissue in response to arterial injury, specifically it is found in activated vascular smooth muscle cells in response to IFN-γ, IL-1β, and T-cell conditioned media. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult
  • In adult humans, muscle mass may change due to exercise, and fat distribution may change due to hormone fluctuations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both male and female hormones are present in the human body, and though only one of them is predominant in an adult, the other hormone has effects on body's shape to some extent. (wikipedia.org)
  • obese
  • OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to evaluate endothelial and smooth muscle function and their determinants using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and glyceryl trinitrate-mediated dilatation (GTN) in obese, nonobese, and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) children. (semanticscholar.org)
  • height
  • BMI stands for body mass index which should reflect the amount of mass you have related to height. (baseter.com)
  • The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in metres. (wikipedia.org)
  • The BMI may also be determined using a table or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement (converted to metric units for the calculation). (wikipedia.org)
  • BMI is proportional to the mass and inversely proportional to the square of the height. (wikipedia.org)
  • In comparison, the Ponderal index is based on the natural scaling of mass with the third power of the height. (wikipedia.org)
  • Males are, on average, taller, but body shape may be analyzed after normalizing with respect to height. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Increased body mass index (BMI) has been associated with poorer function in patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. (springer.com)
  • High BMI patients had a decreased quadriceps muscle symmetry index, as compared to their normal BMI counterparts. (springer.com)
  • Although it has been found that increased BMI is associated with slower muscle recovery as well as lower quadriceps muscle force in patients following total knee arthroplasty [ 20 ], whether this slow recovery occurs in ACL patients was previously unclear. (springer.com)
  • Body mass index and fat mass are the primary correlates of insulin resistance in nondiabetic stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • This graph from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States charts the average body fat percentages of Americans from samples from 1999-2004: In males, mean percentage body fat ranged from 22.9% at age 16-19 years to 30.9% at age 60-79 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • onset
  • The results showed that there were no differences between the two groups with respect to synergies or strategies, muscle onset latency, and time-to-peak amplitude. (diva-portal.org)
  • thumb
  • If muscle wasting at the base of the thumb is present, the diagnosis is likely. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media People with CTS experience numbness, tingling, or burning sensations in the thumb and fingers, in particular the index and middle fingers and radial half of the ring finger, because these receive their sensory and motor function (muscle control) from the median nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • slower
  • An overall pattern was seen, that young people with ID adapted their muscle response slower in all three muscles than peers without ID, but this pattern was not statistically significant. (diva-portal.org)
  • adults
  • However, researches on the use of whole-body vibration for older adults with sarcopenia living in institutions have been lacking. (springermedizin.de)
  • The severity of disease is based on body mass index (BMI) in adults with mild disease having a BMI of greater than 17, moderate a BMI of 16 to 17, severe a BMI of 15 to 16, and extreme a BMI less than 15. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body image is a very important developmental concern for children and young adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicators
  • AIF1 levels in healthy humans have been found to positively correlate with metabolic indicators, such as body mass index, triglycerides, and fasting plasma glucose levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Prominent muscles of the body include the latissimus dorsi, trapezius, pectoral muscles (muscles critical for a strong erect posture) as well as biceps and triceps in the arms and quadriceps and hamstrings in the thighs. (wikipedia.org)
  • voluntary
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND) and Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease which causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals affected by the disorder may ultimately lose the ability to initiate and control all voluntary movement, although bladder and bowel function and the muscles responsible for eye movement are usually spared until the final stages of the disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Efforts to increase body temperature involve shivering, increased voluntary activity, and putting on warmer clothing. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • The rectus abdominis muscle, also known as the "abdominals" or "abs", is a paired muscle running vertically on each side of the anterior wall of the human abdomen, as well as that of some other mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • This property allows one to compare the ages of different areas of the human body using the same aging clock. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whole-body air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a recognised and scientifically validated densitometric method to measure human body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human body shape is a complex phenomenon with sophisticated detail and function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types, depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes the body to use more oxygen than it would while resting. (wikipedia.org)
  • obesity
  • Carl Lavie has written that, "The B.M.I. tables are excellent for identifying obesity and body fat in large populations, but they are far less reliable for determining fatness in individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is usually the result of consuming more calories than the body needs and not expending that energy by doing exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Now, Garmin Index smart scale gives you a way to see the results of your active efforts and review those stats on Garmin Connect™, our free online fitness community. (garmin.com)
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anorexia nervosa, and the associated malnutrition that results from self-imposed starvation, can cause complications in every major organ system in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Low body temperature results in shivering becoming more violent. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • Hyperandrogenism is a medical condition where there are excessive levels of androgens in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • versus
  • Ebersbach G, Edler D, Kaufhold O, Wissel J. Whole body vibration versus conventional physiotherapy to improve balance and gait in Parkinson's disease. (springermedizin.de)
  • lower
  • In about 25% of cases, muscles in the face, mouth, and throat are affected first because motor neurons in the part of the brain stem called the medulla oblongata (formerly called the "bulb") start to die first along with lower motor neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, the inferior epigastric artery and vein (or veins) run superiorly on the posterior surface of the rectus abdominis, enter the rectus fascia at the arcuate line, and serve the lower part of the muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • individuals
  • Tensing of the rectus abdominis causes the muscle to expand between each tendinous intersection, resulting in the characteristic six or eight pack observed in individuals with low body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • The percentage of essential body fat for women is greater than that for men, due to the demands of childbearing and other hormonal functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • This is often described as a body mass index (BMI) over 30. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mass media provides examples of beauty that are often unattainable by the average male or female. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hypothermia is often defined as any body temperature below 35.0 °C (95.0 °F). With this method it is divided into degrees of severity based on the core temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • Surface blood vessels contract further as the body focuses its remaining resources on keeping the vital organs warm. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • Most commonly, a strain causes microscopic tears within the muscle, but occasionally, in severe injuries, the muscle can rupture from its attachment. (wikipedia.org)