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  • life
  • Recent years marked an increased interest in understanding how and why these transitions occurred, and data from various fields are providing new insights into the forces driving the several independent transitions to multicellular life as well as into the genetic and molecular basis for the evolution of this phenotype. (springer.com)
  • It developed a chance mutation that made its progeny stick together, eventually giving rise to the first multicellular life. (wired.com)
  • Early life was unicellular, and we now know that it took just one random but crucial mutation, 600 million years ago, which changed the function of one key protein, to make multicellular life possible. (cerncourier.com)
  • This is because all the suggested mechanisms are viable, but establishing which was responsible for the first multicellular life requires mostly speculation. (thefullwiki.org)
  • The leap from single-celled life to multicellular creatures is easier than we ever thought. (newscientist.com)
  • Paul Rainey, who led the study at the New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, explains: "Simple cooperating groups - like the mats that interest us - stand as one possible origin of multicellular life, but no sooner do the mats arise, than they fail: the same process that ensures their success - natural selection - , ensures their demise. (healthcanal.com)
  • cell
  • In some multicellular groups, which are called Weismannists , a separation between a sterile somatic cell line and a germ cell line evolved. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of composite doxorubicin-loaded micelles for enhancing doxorubicin radiosensitivity in multicellular spheroids from a non-small cell lung cancer cell line. (dovepress.com)
  • A common theme in the self-organization of multicellular tissues is the use of cell-cell signaling networks to induce morphological changes. (sciencemag.org)
  • The multicellular cluster can last for hours while each individual cell should only last for about 20 to 60 minutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The multicellular microprocessor architecture makes it easier to perform parallel execution because the need to access intermediate memory for each operation is eliminated, thus each cell can operate independently until the result is needed. (wikipedia.org)
  • interactions
  • This paper is concerned with the derivation of hybrid kinetic partial integrodifferential equations that can be proposed for the mathematical modeling of multicellular systems subjected to external force fields and characterized by nonconservative interactions. (hindawi.com)
  • This paper is concerned with a further generalization of the thermostated kinetic framework [ 7 ] that takes into account the modeling of multicellular systems with nonconservative interactions. (hindawi.com)
  • Evolution
  • The derivation of mathematical models for the evolution of multicellular systems is a challenge of the last and also this century. (hindawi.com)
  • However, dealing with multicellular systems whose time evolution depends on the presence of external fields requires a different treatment. (hindawi.com)
  • complex
  • Here we show how to build complex computational devices using multicellular consortia and space as key computational elements. (nih.gov)
  • Post
  • MultiClet is an ongoing innovation project for a microprocessor that claims to be the first post von Neumann, multicellular microprocessor, breaking the paradigm for computing technology that has been in place for more than 60 years. (wikipedia.org)