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  • protein
  • Thus, at least in the case of vasa , the mRNA present in the Balbiani body seems to be translationally repressed or the protein is actively excluded or not retained. (nih.gov)
  • gene
  • In zebrafish and in frogs, the Balbiani body functions as an integral component of a vegetal transport pathway thought to entrap mRNAs and other gene products necessary for germ cell formation and patterning of the embryo. (nih.gov)
  • oocytes
  • TGFbetaRI mRNA was observed in oocytes from the type 1 (primordial) to type 5 (antral) stages of follicular growth and granulosa and thecal cells expressed this mRNA at the type 3 (small pre-antral) and subsequent stages of development. (biomedcentral.com)
  • BMP15 and GDF9 mRNA expression in oocytes and cumulus cells was different in calves and cows. (springer.com)
  • In bovine oocytes, although it has been reported that BMP15 and GDF9 mRNAs were expressed from respective primary and primordial follicles, and that the expression lasted to the 8-cell stage after fertilization [ 18 ], there is not enough information about the detailed expression profiles of BMP15 and GDF9. (springer.com)
  • Expressed in oocytes, granulosa cells of small and growing follicles, Leydig cells, spermatogonia and semen (at protein level). (abcam.com)
  • In this review, we discuss how the application of powerful new imaging technologies to the analysis of grk, bcd, osk and nos mRNAs in Drosophila oocytes has provided a window into the highly dynamic features of mRNA trafficking by visualizing the movements of RNP particles and the paths that they follow. (biologists.org)
  • genes
  • The maternal effect genes expressed in the mother's ovaries produce messenger RNAs that are placed in different regions of the egg. (nih.gov)
  • The pair-rule gene proteins activate the transcription of the segment polarity genes , whose mRNA and protein products divide the embryo into 14 segment-wide units, establishing the periodicity of the embryo. (nih.gov)
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is a pituitary glycoprotein hormone that is encoded by separate alpha- and betasubunit genes. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • In order to characterize the effects of post-transcriptional control on the quiescent transcriptome in human fibroblasts, we determined mRNA decay rates for over 10,000 genes using a transcription shut-off time-course. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genes involved in RNA processing and ribosome biogenesis were destabilized with quiescence, while genes involved in the developmental process were stabilized with quiescence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Beyond relevant coding genes, microRNA (miRNA) and long non coding RNA (lncRNA) play an indispensable role in hair follicle (HF) development and skin homeostasis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Among the genes surrounding the insertion, we found that Fibroblast Growth Factor 13 ( FGF13 ) mRNA levels were significantly reduced in affected individuals, and immunofluorescence staining revealed a striking decrease in FGF13 localization throughout the outer root sheath of affected hair follicles. (pnas.org)
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells are a type of pluripotent stem cell artificially induced from a non-pluripotent cell such as adult somatic cell by "forced" expression of specific genes. (mdpi.com)
  • cellular
  • The objectives of this study in sheep were to localize the ovarian cellular types expressing mRNA encoding TGF-β1, TGF-β2, TGF-β3, TGFβRI and TGFβRII and to determine the effects of TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 on granulosa cell proliferation/survival and progesterone production in vitro . (biomedcentral.com)
  • This review summarizes recent findings from such studies that provide new insight into the elaborate cellular mechanisms that are used to transport mRNAs to different regions of the oocyte and to maintain their localized distributions during oogenesis. (biologists.org)
  • In addition to asymmetric divisions, asymmetries are present in the form of localized cellular structures, organelles (mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, the oocyte nucleus), and also in the distribution of proteins and RNAs within the oocyte. (nih.gov)
  • embryo
  • In zebrafish and in frogs, the Balbiani body functions as an integral component of a vegetal transport pathway thought to entrap mRNAs and other gene products necessary for germ cell formation and patterning of the embryo. (nih.gov)
  • Moreover
  • Moreover, when the RNA of the anterior of insect eggs was destroyed (by either ultraviolet light or RNase), the resulting embryos lacked a head and thorax. (nih.gov)
  • ovarian
  • Recently, several members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily have been shown to be essential for regulating the growth and differentiation of ovarian follicles and thus fertility. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In ovarian follicles, mRNA encoding TGFbetaRII was restricted to thecal cells of type 3 (small pre-antral) and larger follicles. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In summary, mRNA encoding both TGF-beta 1 and 2 were synthesized by ovarian theca, stroma and cells of the vascular system whereas TGF-beta 3 mRNA was synthesized by vascular cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1994
  • 1994. Gonadotropin suppression of apoptosis in cultured preovulatory follicles: Mediatory role of endogenous insulin-like growth factor I. Endocrinol. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • spleen
  • Here we describe a chemokine, B Lymphocyte Chemoattractant (BLC), that is highly expressed in the follicles of Peyer's patches, spleen and lymph nodes. (google.com)
  • cells
  • The expression patterns of TGF-beta 1 and 2 were similar in that both mRNAs were first observed in thecal cells of type 3 (small pre-antral) follicles. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the case of T cell-dependent antibody responses, antigen-engaged B cells receive T cell help in the region of the T zone-bordering follicles. (rupress.org)
  • While the plasma cell response is ongoing, small numbers of B cells colonize B cell follicles and differentiate into germinal center cells. (rupress.org)
  • As they mature to an IgD + stage, B cells upregulate CXCR5 and acquire responsiveness to CXCL13 (BLC), a chemokine made in follicles of secondary lymphoid organs ( 22 ). (rupress.org)
  • thus
  • Thus, Sander's laboratory postulated the existence of a gradient at both ends of the egg, and hypothesized that the egg sequesters an RNA that generates a gradient of anterior-forming material. (nih.gov)
  • expression
  • Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analyses showed StAR mRNA expression in the postovulatory structure, corpus luteum. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • subunit, was purified and injected into the experimental hens and the effect on the mRNA expression levels of the FSHR gene was investigated. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • target
  • The third and fourth KH domains are important for binding to the untranslated region (UTR) of target mRNA. (abcam.com)