• A key example is Malawi, one of ten high under-five mortality countries that is now on track to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of a two-thirds reduction in under-five mortality between 1990 and 2015. (unicef.org)
  • We compared estimates of adult mortality from (1) a single question on household mortality, (2) repeated household censuses, and (3) an adult cohort study with linked HIV testing from Manicaland, with a mathematical model fitted to local age-specific HIV prevalence (1998-2000). (who.int)
  • The World Health Organization defines perinatal mortality as the "number of stillbirths and deaths in the first week of life per 1,000 total births, the perinatal period commences at 22 completed weeks (154 days) of gestation and ends seven completed days after birth", but other definitions have been used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods and Results We analyzed mortality data submitted to the World Health Organization from 2005 to 2015 by individual countries. (nih.gov)
  • The basic idea is that if health insurance significantly affects mortality in the short run, the dramatic increase in health insurance coverage at age 65 as a result of Medicare should translate into a reduction in mortality at age 65 relative to the overall trend by age. (theatlantic.com)
  • Unless mortality in these countries can be significantly reduced, the MDG targets will not be met. (unicef.org)
  • Compared with both control groups, the mortality risk was significantly higher in the ICU group after controlling for comorbidities, source of admission, discharge destination, hospitalization in the previous year, and admission to a skilled nursing facility in the previous year. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Rochelle Community Hospital is a small rural hospital (42 beds), and one or two deaths in a disease category can significantly affect our mortality statistics. (chicagotribune.com)
  • All 5 countries showed a progressive decline in IHD mortality, with a decline in smoking and hypertension and in all cases a rise in obesity and type II diabetes mellitus. (nih.gov)
  • These trends are likely to continue because mortality in children younger than five years is expected to decline further, and injury-related mortality is expected to increase in the next 25 years," said Russell Viner from the University College London institute of child health, who led the study. (reuters.com)
  • Mortality amongst all males is expected to keep increasing, reaching a peak at around 2,040 deaths in the year 2016, with a rapid decline following the peak year. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Similarly, in the regional population study, we found that a greater increase in prostate cancer incidence did not indicate a greater decline in mortality (Pearson's r = 0.13, 1-sided p = 0.68). (cmaj.ca)
  • These results suggest that for our study population PSA screening was not associated with, and therefore cannot explain, the decline in prostate cancer mortality. (cmaj.ca)
  • 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 It has been speculated that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening, introduced into North American medical practice by the end of the 1980s, may be responsible for this decline in mortality. (cmaj.ca)
  • Moreover, the 2 studies that have attempted to establish whether the recent decline in prostate cancer mortality seen at the population level could be attributed to PSA screening did not support this hypothesis. (cmaj.ca)
  • CBS receives mortality data on a daily basis from municipal registers. (cbs.nl)
  • In addition to the socio-economic and mortality data available, extensive geographical and demographic summary information at the census tract level, may be incorporated into NLMS records. (census.gov)
  • In fact, the data show no such discontinuity: mortality changes smoothly with age. (theatlantic.com)
  • As is true for health insurance more generally (see Levy and Meltzer ), it has proven more difficult to identify the health impacts of Medicare.9 Most existing studies have focused on mor- tality as an indicator of health.10 An early study by Lichtenberg (2001) used Social Security Administration (SSA) life table data to test for a trend-break in the age profile of mortality at age 65. (theatlantic.com)
  • The "List of 39 Selected Causes of Death," which is used to show mortality data for geographic areas, was created by combining categories in the "List of 113 Selected Causes of Death. (in.gov)
  • The best available datasets from Denmark and the USA, as two very different countries, are used to analyze the age pattern of social mortality differences, the Danish register data covering the whole Danish population between 1980 and 2002. (springer.com)
  • This study is the most comprehensive analysis of socioeconomic mortality differences in the literature, in terms of data quantity, quality, and the statistical method of event-history modeling. (springer.com)
  • In 5 illustrative countries which provided detailed data, we analyzed trends of mortality from IHD and 3 noncommunicable diseases (lung cancer, stroke, and chronic lower respiratory tract diseases) and examined the simultaneous trends in important cardiovascular risk factors. (nih.gov)
  • These are the 16 countries who provided longitudinal mortality data. (nih.gov)
  • Viner's team used the WHO mortality database to analyze data for 50 rich and poor nations between 1955 and 2004. (reuters.com)
  • These data support the notion that income inequality leads to increased mortality via disinvestment in social capital. (nih.gov)
  • By linking the 3 data sources, figures can be reported for infant mortality by gestational age and ethnicity, as well as other risk factors including: birthweight, mother's age at birth of child, marital status and socio-economic status (based on the most advantaged parent's occupation). (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The study commenced in 1972 with multiple follow-up surveys to 1996 and continuous mortality follow-up data to 2011 for a total of 38 years. (psychcentral.com)
  • In those subjects where CRP data was available, persistent insomnia was associated with a 58 percent increased mortality risk (after adjustments for confounding factors). (psychcentral.com)
  • We also want to help readers better understand the responses and our reporting and how to find more information about mortality data. (cnn.com)
  • It describes the features of the Fonte web-based interface which allow the Member States to report their mortality data to the EMCDDA. (europa.eu)
  • An important aspect of mortality statistics relates to data derived from the medical information reported on death certificates. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However, emerging data suggest that there is an "obesity paradox," that being overweight may actually protect patients from cardiovascular mortality. (elsevier.com)
  • Mortality Among African American Women With Sarcoidosis: Data From The Black Women's Health Study" (Session C103, Tuesday, May 22, 2:00-4:30 p.m. (newswise.com)
  • We strongly disagree with the Health Care Finance Administration mortality data results and do not feel that they are an accurate measure of the quality of care rendered at our facility. (chicagotribune.com)
  • While mortality data may be useful as a screening mechanism to measure quality factors, they have no value in themselves and bear no relationship to patient mix, local demographics and other factors that relate to severity of illness. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Fetal mortality refers to stillbirths or fetal death. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some definitions of the PNM early fetal mortality (week 20-27 gestation) is not included, and the PNM may only include late fetal death and neonatal death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancer incidence and mortality patterns were assessed for the periods 1958-89 and 1952-89 respectively, in a cohort of 2,026 subjects who had been employed for at least one year between 1900 and 1989 in three Swedish leather tanneries. (ilo.org)
  • Cause-specific standardized incidence and mortality ratios (SIRs and SMRs) were calculated. (ilo.org)
  • The increased incidence of soft tissue sarcomas adds support to previous findings of an excess mortality in this diagnosis among leather tanners. (ilo.org)
  • In order to test this hypothesis, we assessed the relation between the change in prostate cancer incidence in the early 1990s, attributed largely to PSA screening, and the subsequent change in prostate cancer mortality. (cmaj.ca)
  • For each birth cohort, we computed the change in prostate cancer incidence between 1989 and 1993 and the change in prostate cancer mortality between 1995 and 1999. (cmaj.ca)
  • We then assessed the correlation between the changes in prostate cancer incidence and the subsequent changes in prostate cancer mortality by weighted linear regression. (cmaj.ca)
  • We found that even though most birth cohorts showed an increase in prostate cancer incidence and a subsequent decrease in mortality, the sizes of these changes were not inversely correlated (Pearson's r = 0.33, 1-sided p = 0.89). (cmaj.ca)
  • We hypothesized that the changes in prostate cancer incidence between 1989 and 1993 were to a large extent attributable to PSA screening and that, if PSA screening had reduced prostate cancer mortality, an inverse association should be observed between the changes in incidence and mortality. (cmaj.ca)
  • Therefore, we expected to find a negative correlation showing the greater the increase in incidence due to PSA screening, the greater the decrease in prostate cancer mortality. (cmaj.ca)
  • We conducted 2 separate analyses to assess whether the changes in prostate cancer incidence between 1989 and 1993 were related to the changes in prostate cancer mortality that occurred between 1995 and 1999. (cmaj.ca)
  • Studies with more recent baselines showed greater relative risk of mortality, meaning that rather than finding a decrease in health disparities in recent years compared to studies with baselines before 1970, the excessive mortality was actually greater in recent cohorts. (nih.gov)
  • Across the board, the interviewees admitted they lacked current information and training on infant mortality, disparities and cultural competence. (ucdavis.edu)
  • I didn't initially ask participants about how racism impacts infant mortality, but the providers I spoke with believe it plays a major role in why we're seeing disparities that lead to negative outcomes. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Twice recently I have had the privilege of traveling to North Carolina Central University (NCCU) in Durham, North Carolina, to participate with a team working to reduce breast cancer mortality disparities specifically among inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) patients. (healthcentral.com)
  • The California Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review (CA-PAMR) is a statewide, in-depth examination of deaths while pregnant or within one year after end of pregnancy, which aims to identify the cause and timing of death, factors that contributed to the death, and improvement opportunities in maternity care and support, with the ultimate goal to reduce preventable deaths and associated health disparities. (ca.gov)
  • In PNAS, Case and Deaton ( 1 ) show a figure illustrating the "marked increase in the all-cause mortality of middle-aged white non-Hispanic men and women in the United States between 1999 and 2013. (pnas.org)
  • This book provides a comprehensive, thoughtful and critical discussion of all aspects involved in the relationship between socioeconomic status, health and mortality. (springer.com)
  • Experts say maternal health and mortality are directly related to access to health services. (voanews.com)
  • Macroeconomic Conditions, Health and Mortality ," NBER Working Papers 11007, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc. (repec.org)
  • Macroeconomic Conditions, Health and Mortality ," Chapters , in: Andrew M. Jones (ed. (repec.org)
  • The recent decrease in the risk of dying has hugely affected mortality among older people. (cbs.nl)
  • The ageing process only affected mortality among extremely old people. (cbs.nl)
  • To compare alternative methods to vital registration systems for estimating adult mortality, and describe patterns of mortality in Manicaland, Zimbabwe, which has been severely affected by HIV. (who.int)
  • Finding more than a doubling of the relative risk of mortality, the authors ask a second question: how many deaths would be averted by eliminating this increased mortality? (nih.gov)
  • These are symptoms evaluated in two new studies that examined the influence of loneliness on increased risk of mortality. (redorbit.com)
  • however, for those who were 80 years and up, living alone didn´t increase their risk of mortality. (redorbit.com)
  • In conclusion, living alone was independently associated with an increased risk of mortality and CV death in an international cohort of stable middle-aged outpatients with or at risk of atherothrombosis," wrote the authors in the report. (redorbit.com)
  • This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks. (oecd.org)
  • Earlier work by Finkelstein using this same strategy documents significant increases on hospital spending and utilization, but the work of Finkelstein & McKnight finds no corresponding improvement in mortality. (theatlantic.com)
  • Social capital, income inequality, and mortality. (nih.gov)
  • It was hypothesized, in this study, that income inequality is related to reduction in social cohesion and that disinvestment in social capital is in turn associated with increased mortality. (nih.gov)
  • The content of the socio-economic variables available offers researchers the potential to answer questions on mortality differentials for a variety of important socio-economic and demographic subgroups not covered as extensively in other databases. (census.gov)
  • Researchers have identified an association between persistent insomnia and increased inflammation and mortality. (psychcentral.com)
  • The reasons for the black-white divide in both infant and maternal mortality have been debated by researchers and doctors for more than two decades. (motherjones.com)
  • Higher levels of erythropoietin appear to be associated with a greater mortality risk, Dutch researchers found in a study of individuals 85 and older. (medpagetoday.com)
  • More recent reports (1999-2004) have demonstrated a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) in PD patients ranging from 1.52 in a community-based Norwegian study [ 10 ] to a relative mortality risk of 3.38 in door-to-door survey in Ilan County, Taiwan [ 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Unfortunately, reductions in mortality are not shared equally in this country across racial, ethnic, and socio-economic groups. (nih.gov)
  • Moreover, mortality improvement in humans is on par with or greater than the reductions in mortality in other species achieved by laboratory selection experiments and endocrine pathway mutations. (pnas.org)
  • 5 ) show that the extensions in longevity are occurring because of rapid and steady progress in lowering mortality at all ages, and that the limits of these reductions are difficult to predict. (pnas.org)
  • The social, economic, and health implications of the reductions in mortality have been discussed extensively ( 6 ⇓ - 8 ). (pnas.org)
  • Navrud, Ståle and Henrik Lindhjem (2011), Valuing Mortality Risk Reductions in Regulatory Analysis of Environmental, Health and Transport Policies: Policy Implications , OECD, Paris. (oecd.org)
  • This large observational study showed that higher lean body mass was associated with 29% lower mortality, and while higher fat mass also exhibited survival benefits, this advantage disappeared after adjustment for lean body mass, suggesting that non-fat tissue bears the primary role in conferring greater survival. (elsevier.com)
  • Citation: Baxter-Gilbert JH, Riley JL, Lesbarrères D, Litzgus JD (2015) Mitigating Reptile Road Mortality: Fence Failures Compromise Ecopassage Effectiveness. (eurekalert.org)
  • Based on the expected size of the Annual Social and Economic Supplements to be conducted, the expected number of deaths to be added to the NLMS through the updating process will increase the mortality content of the study to over 550,000 cases out of a total number of approximately 3.8 million records. (census.gov)