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  • proteins
  • Tannins can be high molecular weight, have very heterogeneous structures, and can form complexes with a number of other molecules (especially proteins and carbohydrates). (mdpi.com)
  • The process they applied - single molecule technique (SMT) - is required to measure the shape of proteins that are as wide as a thousandth of a human hair and far too small to be seen with a conventional microscope. (telegraphindia.com)
  • ionic
  • The classic case of ionic bonding , the sodium chloride molecule forms by the ionization of sodium and chlorine atoms and the attraction of the resulting ions. (gsu.edu)
  • No typical molecule can be defined for ionic crystals ( salts ) and covalent crystals ( network solids ), although these are often composed of repeating unit cells that extend either in a plane (such as in graphene ) or three-dimensionally (such as in diamond or sodium chloride ). (princeton.edu)
  • Molecules are held together by either covalent bonding or ionic bonding . (wikipedia.org)
  • adhesion
  • Y-H. Chin, R.A. Rasmussen, J.J. Woodruff, and T.G. Easton, A monoclonal anti-HEBF antibody with specificity for lymphocyte surface molecules mediating adhesion to Peyer's patch high endothelium of the rat, J. Immunol. (springer.com)
  • Life Sciences
  • This book provides a representative selection of recent developments in the rapidly evolving field of single molecule techniques of importance in life sciences and will have future impact on the quan- tative description of biological processes. (google.com)
  • developments
  • This book, written by acknowledged experts, discusses in detail the most recent developments in targeted cancer therapy using small molecules. (springer.com)
  • beam
  • This results in a focused beam of very cold water molecules that are so far from each other that they cannot induce a spin flip in each other. (innovations-report.com)
  • It works this way: Pulses of strontium monofluoride (SrF) shoot out from a cryogenic chamber to form a beam of molecules, which is slowed by pushing on it with a laser. (innovations-report.com)
  • form
  • Stellar molecules are molecules that exist or form in stars . (wikipedia.org)
  • Such formations can take place when the temperature is low enough for molecules to form - typically around 6000 K or cooler. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the environment is right, atoms can join together and form molecules , which give rise to most materials studied in materials science . (wikipedia.org)
  • But certain environments, such as high temperatures, don't allow atoms to form molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the Sun is a star, its photosphere has a low enough temperature of 6,000 kelvins , and therefore molecules can form. (wikipedia.org)
  • This HIV RNA is the equivalent of your DNA which encodes about 30,000 molecules and would fill this room in paper tape form. (ucsf.edu)
  • A team of astronomers has found molecules of glycolaldehyde - a simple form of sugar - in the gas surrounding a young binary star, with similar mass to the Sun, called IRAS 16293-2422. (redorbit.com)
  • single
  • The challenge was to "freeze" the spin states by diluting single water molecules to such an extent that they could no longer collide with each other. (innovations-report.com)
  • Common approaches for studying single molecules include the electrical detection of ion channels in membranes, the measurement of the dynamics of (bio)chemical reactions between individual molecules, the imaging of individual molecules by scanning probe techniques or by fluorescence correlation spectr- copy, and the direct monitoring of single molecules by optical microscopies, to mention a few. (google.com)
  • Lausanne Rudolf Rigler September 2007 Horst Vogel v Contents 1 Nanophotonics and Single Molecules. (google.com)
  • This "robot," made of a single strand of DNA, can autonomously "walk" around a surface, pick up certain molecules and drop them off in designated locations. (caltech.edu)
  • Previously, using single molecule force spectroscopy techniques (like AFM force spectroscopy), we could monitor a single protein for a few seconds. (telegraphindia.com)
  • typical
  • Zoom in on a tiny blob -- this is the size of a typical molecule the virus is built from. (ucsf.edu)
  • The structures that are formed occupy an interesting niche in the size scale: they are much larger than your typical chemical or biochemical molecules, but much smaller than typical objects in the macroscopic world. (eurekalert.org)
  • small
  • According to Merriam-Webster and the Online Etymology Dictionary , the word "molecule" derives from the Latin " moles " or small unit of mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultimately, Dulac said, the study offers a small glimpse into what could be a larger system of molecules which act like modulators in the brain, turning certain stimuli up or down depending on the situation. (eurekalert.org)
  • Numerous novel targets that are crucial for the survival of cancer cells can be attacked by small molecules such as protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors. (springer.com)
  • Water
  • In the liver, the enzyme glutathione S-transferase takes the sulfur from glutathione and attaches it to toxic molecules, this makes the toxin more water soluble (it is diluted in water easily). (immunehealthscience.com)
  • Authors
  • Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 3329: RNA-Protein Interactions Prevent Long RNA Duplex Formation: Implications for the Design of RNA-Based Therapeutics Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules23123329 Authors: Eckart Bindewald Lisheng Dai Wojciech K. Kasprzak Taejin Kim Shuo Gu Bruce A. Shapiro Cells frequently simultaneously express RNAs and cognate antisense transcripts without necessarily leading to the formation of RNA duplexes. (medworm.com)
  • Results
  • However, these results were mostly ignored until 1860, partly due to the belief that atoms of one element would have no chemical affinity toward atoms of the same element, and also partly due to apparent exceptions to Avogadro's law that were not explained until later in terms of dissociating molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristics
  • The molecules in stars can be used to determine some characteristics of the star. (wikipedia.org)
  • This special issue of Molecules will consider submissions related to all characteristics of tannins (both hydrolyzable and condensed), including biological and chemical properties and potential human health effects. (mdpi.com)
  • simple
  • Measurements of simple molecules that may be found in stars are performed in laboratories to determine the wavelengths of the spectra lines. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual
  • So far, no scientist has succeeded in fully controlling the sequence of individual components when producing artificial molecules on the micro scale," says Isa. (eurekalert.org)
  • made
  • A large number of familiar solid substances, however, including most of the minerals that make up the crust, mantle, and core of the Earth itself, contain many chemical bonds , but are not made of identifiable molecules. (princeton.edu)
  • The theme of repeated unit-cellular-structure also holds for most condensed phases with metallic bonding , which means that solid metals are also not made of molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • A molecule of a compound is made out of two or more elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • tiny
  • These tiny molecules may remind you of a doting mother who guides her baby along the right path and tries her best to remove all obstacles in the child's life. (telegraphindia.com)
  • structure
  • The structure of DNA is uniquely suited to its purpose as an information-carrying molecule capable of faithful duplication. (umass.edu)