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  • pulmonary
  • Transapical access was achieved via a small thoracotomy and the mitral valve crossed retrogradely with a .035-in wire, which was placed in the right lower pulmonary vein and thereafter exchanged for an Amplatzer Super Stiff (Boston Scientific, MA) exchange length wire ( Figure 3 ). (ahajournals.org)
  • We investigated whether expiratory high resolution computed tomography (EHRCT) is superior to the pulmonary function test (PFT) in showing small airway disease (SAD) in patients with isolated mitral valve stenosis (MVS). (alliedacademies.org)
  • Hypertrophic changes in the pulmonary arterioles associated with high pulmonary vascular pressure occur in mitral valve stenosis (MVS), particularly small airways disease (SAD), are seen in this condition [ 2 , 3 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Chambers
  • The mitral valve is in the left side of the heart between the upper and lower chambers of the heart. (epnet.com)
  • When working properly, the valve helps to keep blood flowing in the right direction from the upper to the lower chambers. (epnet.com)
  • Mitral stenosis makes it difficult for blood to move from the upper and lower chambers. (epnet.com)
  • echocardiographic
  • The procedure was performed under a general anesthetic with 3-dimensional echocardiographic transesophageal echo guidance, which revealed a mitral annular size of ≈31 mm. (ahajournals.org)
  • Drugs
  • Drugs prescribed to treat mitral valve stenosis include diuretics (or water pills), anticoagulants (or blood thinners), beta-blockers, and calcium channel blockers. (osu.edu)