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  • complications
  • In rare instances, mitral valve prolapse can lead to additional health complications, such as an arrhythmia, which is an irregular heartbeat, or endocarditis, an infection of the heart often caused by bacteria. (healthday.com)
  • echocardiogram
  • To find out how well your valve is working, your doctor will have you get an echocardiogram. (aafp.org)
  • The echocardiogram is a special picture of your heart that shows your valve as the blood flows through it. (aafp.org)
  • atrium
  • When the heart relaxes in between beats, the two "flaps" of the mitral valve swing open to let blood flow from the atrium to the ventricle. (aafp.org)