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  • anaerobic
  • Sulfate-reducing microorganisms (SRM) or sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRP) are a group composed of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfate-reducing archaea (SRA), both of which can perform anaerobic respiration utilizing sulfate (SO42-) as terminal electron acceptor, reducing it to hydrogen sulfide (H2S). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sulfate-reducing microorganisms are common in anaerobic environments where they aid in the degradation of organic materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sulfate-reducing microorganisms play a role in the anaerobic oxidation of methane: CH4 + SO42− → HCO3− + HS− + H2O An important fraction of the methane formed by methanogens below the seabed is oxidized by sulfate-reducing microorganisms in the transition zone separating the methanogenesis from the sulfate reduction activity in the sediments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Effective microorganisms (EM) are various blends of common predominantly anaerobic microorganisms in a carbohydrate-rich liquid carrier substrate (molasses nutrient solution) of Em Research Organization, Inc., The efficacy of EM on agricultural crops has been studied throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • fermentation
  • Consider, for example, fermentation processes and the use of probiotics in foods, the production of antibiotics in medicine, the use of microorganisms as growth promoting elements in agriculture, as bioremediatiors on polluted sites, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • beneficial
  • Re: [SANET-MG] Beneficial Soil Microbia] The question is how to get information on IM or IMO's, Indigenous Microorganisms. (ibiblio.org)
  • fermented fruit juices -FFJ fermented plant juices FPJ fish amino acid - FAA brown rice vinegar - BRV Oriental herbal nutrients - OHN lactic acid bacteria serum - LAS Often, these special cultures are mixed together to make a complete recipe for plant pest control, to provide soluble nutrients, to provide bioactive substances, to inoculate the leaf surface with beneficial microorganisms. (ibiblio.org)
  • nutrient
  • Microorganisms are crucial to nutrient recycling in ecosystems as they act as decomposers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various experimenters have examined the use of EM in making organic fertilizers and investigated the effects of the fermented organic fertilizer on soil fertility and crop growth, not distinguishing the effects of the microorganisms in the EM treatments from the effect of the EM nutrient solution in the carrier substrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting effects on crop growth depend nonspecifically upon multiple factors, including effects of the introduced EM nutrient solution with microorganisms, effects of the naturally microorganism-rich bio-organic fraction in the soil, and indirect effects of microbially-synthesized metabolites (e.g., phytohormones and growth regulators). (wikipedia.org)
  • The effectiveness of ″Effective Microorganisms (EM)″ was investigated scientifically in an organic farming field experiment between 2003-2006 at Zürich, Switzerland, differentiating the effects of the EM microorganisms from the effects of the EM nutrient solution in the carrier substrate of the EM treatments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microbes
  • Sulfate-reducing microorganisms can be traced back to 3.5 billion years ago and are considered to be among the oldest forms of microbes, having contributed to the sulfur cycle soon after life emerged on Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic
  • the resulting smaller compounds such as organic acids and alcohols are further oxidized by acetogens and methanogens and the competing sulfate-reducing microorganisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • He stated in the 1980s that a combination of approximately 80 different microorganisms was capable of positively influencing decomposing organic matter such that it reverts into a "life promoting" process. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are a various modes of action through which microorganisms can interfere with the growth of others such as organic acid production, resulting in a reduction of pH and the antimicrobial activity of the un-dissociated acid molecules, a wide variety of small inhibitory molecules including hydrogen peroxide, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • strain
  • One can search the JCM database online for microorganisms using various key words such as scientific name, JCM accession number, IAM or other culture collection accession number, culture media, strain data etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • The microorganism tested was Bacillus pumilus (strain SAFR-032), a resilient radiation-tolerant spore-forming bacteria isolated from a clean room environment in a NASA spacecraft assembly. (wikipedia.org)
  • crop
  • Korean Natural Farming: Indigenous Microorganisms and Vital Power of Crop/Livestock Han Kyu Cho and Atsushi Koyama Korean Natural Farming Association, 1997. (ibiblio.org)
  • respectively
  • The most common metals used for this end are iron [Fe(III)] and manganese [Mn(IV)], which are reduced to Fe(II) and Mn(II) respectively, and most microorganisms that reduce Fe(III) can reduce Mn(IV) as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant
  • Bio Plant of Indigenous Microorganism Developed by. (ibiblio.org)
  • In addition to lactic acid bacteria, yeasts also have been reported to have a biopreservation effect due to their antagonistic activities relying on the competition for nutrients, production and tolerance of high concentrations of ethanol, as well as the synthesis of a large class of antimicrobial compounds exhibiting large spectrum of activity against food spoilage microorganisms, but also against plant, animal and human pathogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • In July 2016, scientists reported identifying a set of 355 genes from the last universal common ancestor (LUCA) of all life, including microorganisms, living on Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The overall focus of the research unit is to improve the nutritional value of fermented foods, produce relevant specific food components, study and develop nutritional probiotics and to use microorganisms as models for nutritional questions. (chalmers.se)
  • 1955) describing the use of carbon to study the kinetics of the clearance of microorganisms from the blood. (springer.com)
  • The process of genetic identification of microorganisms is basically a comparison study. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This volume contains the lectures given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Biophysics of Photoreceptors and Photomovements in Microorganisms" held in Tir- renia (Pisa), Italy, in September 1990. (springer.com)
  • Research
  • The objective of this chapter is to discuss some of the more recent contributions relating to clearance of a variety of microorganisms in vivo as well as in perfused organ models and to suggest some future directions for this research area. (springer.com)
  • Research and testing of microorganisms in outer space could eventually be applied for directed panspermia or terraforming. (wikipedia.org)
  • rocks
  • A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • carry
  • Even after cleaning, spacecraft leaving Earth still carry microorganisms on board that are embedded within surfaces, instruments, electronics, and other inaccessible areas that cannot be readily cleaned and are not exposed to direct sunlight, so there is a concern about the few survivors, which may be pushed in evolutionarily consequential directions. (wikipedia.org)
  • association
  • http://www.eco-farm.org/efc/efc_main.html Concepts and practices on Indigenous Microorganisms, IM or IMO, originate with Han Kyu Cho and the Korean Natural Farming Association, or KNFA, going back 35 to 40 years. (ibiblio.org)
  • iron
  • In addition, there are sulfate-reducing microorganisms that can also reduce other electron acceptors, such as fumarate, nitrate (NO3−), nitrite (NO2−), ferric iron [Fe(III)], and dimethyl sulfoxide. (wikipedia.org)