• However, there are no results from clinical testing on humans that support any use as a cancer treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the integral roles in biological systems, different classes of microbial exoenzymes have been used by humans since pre-historic times for such diverse purposes as food production, biofuels, textile production and in the paper industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of this, in order to establish a program to combat and control a determined bacterial morbidity, it was necessary to carry out a program of epidemiologic surveillance evaluating the sensitivity behavior of the etiologic agents against the various therapeutic agents. (scielo.br)
  • Growth substrates were determined through the use of the isolation medium, which contained the substrate being tested along with yeast extract. (wikipedia.org)
  • The industrial microbiology market is large and growing, the second largest diagnostics market after clinical diagnostics in test volume and market value. (omicsonline.org)
  • Biological indicators can be described as the introduction of a highly resistant microorganisms to a given environment before Sterilization_(microbiology), tests are conducted to measure the effectiveness of the sterilization processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study tests the hypothesis that salvage regimens selected on the basis of HIV-1 resistance genotype, phenotype [AS PER AMENDMENT 02/19/02: virtual phenotype], and treatment history will be more effective if there is a period of treatment interruption before initiating that regimen. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Based on the results of the pre-entry genotype and phenotype [AS PER AMENDMENT 02/19/02: virtual phenotype] tests and treatment history, an individualized salvage therapy regimen (not provided by the study) is selected by the site investigator(s). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Active methods detect the presence of air pollutants by placing test plants of known response and genotype into the study area. (wikipedia.org)
  • In vitro studies of water extracts of plants such as Terminalia chebula, Punica granatum, Delonix regia and Emblica officinalis were found to be detrimental to test dermatophytes. (isharonline.org)
  • In vitro antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae was studied by microplate proliferation tests. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Fluorochromasia has many applications including histocompatibility testing, measurement of cytotoxic antibodies, in vitro chemo sensitivity testing of tumors, and fluorochrome intercellular translocation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Test datasets included human microbiome samples from the Human Microbiome Project, soil samples, diverse mammalian samples, and samples from the Guerrero Negro microbial mats Because PICRUSt, and evolutionary comparative genomics in general, depends on sequenced genomes, biological samples from well-studied environments (many sequenced genomes) will be better predicted than poorly studied environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muller-Hilton agar is used for the drug sensitivity testing because it is a non nutrient media which gives better results. (researchsea.com)
  • Aqueous, hexane and alcoholic extracts of each plant were tested for their antibacterial activity using agar well diffusion method at sample concentration of 200 mg/ml. (isharonline.org)
  • Bioindicators can tell us about the cumulative effects of different pollutants in the ecosystem and about how long a problem may have been present, which physical and chemical testing cannot. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other studies suggest there is a virologic benefit derived from using genotypic or phenotypic resistance testing in selecting salvage therapy regimens for patients failing antiretroviral therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • At entry, patients are randomized to Arm A (sequencing) or Arm B (phenotyping) and have a resistance test drawn while still receiving the current regimen even though regimen failure is suspected. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A microbial test is a laboratory test that checks for the presence of microorganisms in a sample provided to the laboratory. (omicsonline.org)
  • The American Cancer Society states that although quaternium-15 releases formaldehyde, a known carcinogen in laboratory test animals at relatively high doses, because the amount of formaldehyde released from these products is low, it is unclear that avoiding quaternium-15 in cosmetics provides any health benefits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microtox was developed by Azur Environmental (formerly Microbics Corporation) in 1979 as a cost effective alternative to toxicity tests available at the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to Microtox, the majority of toxicity tests available for water specifically focused on fish and daphnids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basically it is difficult to understand what exactly may be going on in a community without testing it with multiple ecotoxicological tools with long and short term toxicity tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • The iTRAQ-LC-MS analysis identified 214 and 178 individual proteins in each biological repeat across the full set of isolates tested, and mean relative protein values were calculated. (nih.gov)
  • 2013 tested the accuracy of this genome prediction step by using previously reported datasets in which the same biological sample was subjected to 16S rRNA gene amplification and shotgun metagenomics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tests revealed this organism is oxidase positive and catalase negative. (wikipedia.org)
  • PICT differs from the Population Tolerance Approach to Community Tolerance in that it can be easily applied to any ecosystem and it is not critical to use a representative test organism, as with the Population Tolerance Approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • Co tolerance is the ability of an organism to develop a tolerance to a certain toxicant in short term tests, and obtain that tolerance for other toxicants similar to the first. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chloramphenicol residues in chicken liver, kidney and muscle: a comparison among the antibacterial residues monitoring methods of Four Plate Test, ELISA and HPLC. (biomedsearch.com)
  • It was found that all pineal indoles tested demonstrated an inhibitory effect in the kidney but not in the liver. (biomedsearch.com)
  • METHODS: Staphylococcal isolates (3134) collected from Europe were tested by CLSI broth microdilution. (biomedsearch.com)
  • C) DNase activity was assessed by measuring the size (in millimeters) of the halo around the test isolates indicating hydrolyzed DNA. (nih.gov)
  • It is also possible to conduct some basic testing in the field without having to send samples to a lab. (omicsonline.org)
  • Food products, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and water are common sources of samples for a microbial test. (omicsonline.org)
  • Also known as the portable version of the Microtox Model 500, this device provides simple testing, uses small sample sizes, and is a cost effective approach to analyzing water samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tool serves in the field of metagenomic analysis where it allows inference of the functional profile of a microbial community based on marker gene survey along one or more samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • The landers used a robotic arm to put soil samples into sealed test containers on the craft. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both solid phase (soils and sediment) and aqueous acute toxicity testing (described below) can be conducted using this technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • 5-hydroxytryptophol and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid when tested at 4 mM. 5-methoxytryptamine was as effective as 5-hydroxytryptophol and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid when tested at 4 mM but was inactive at 1 mM. 5-methoxytryptophol was marginally active at 4 mM. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The FDA has been testing for chemicals in aquaculture products for over two decades. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a paper authored by a team led by Rafael Navarro-González of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, "those chemicals are exactly what [their] new study found when a little perchlorate -- the surprise finding from Phoenix -- was added to desert soil from Chile containing organics and analyzed in the manner of the Viking tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Applications of bacteriocins are being tested to assess their application as narrow-spectrum antibiotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since its inception, Microtox has become a standard method for testing the toxicity of water as well as other substrates such as soils and sediments. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, they are used for testing life detection instruments to be sent to Mars, as a source for species to be tested for their ability to survive on Mars, and as a way to study how Earth life copes in conditions that resemble conditions on Mars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Resistance testing is likely to be beneficial as an aid in selecting a salvage regimen. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • If virologic failure is confirmed, a new regimen is chosen and prescribed at the first visit after resistance test results are available. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A patient has failed his/her current regimen if he/she has, within 30 days of study entry, either a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) of at least 10,000 copies/ml or 2 tests which show a viral load between 1,000 and 10,000 copies/ml. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The results indicated that out of 82 plants, 56 exhibited antibacterial activity against one or more test pathogens. (isharonline.org)
  • Langille et al tested the accuracy of this genome prediction step using leave-one-out cross validation on the input set of sequenced genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • More than 90,000 industrial plants worldwide conduct close to 2 billion tests each year, which represents a market value of $6.5 billion. (omicsonline.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to test another way to control the amount of HIV in the blood (viral load). (clinicaltrials.gov)