• Study of Microbial Communities Exposed to Weightlessness (Sample) will show how microbes are carried into space by humans and end up on surfaces and equipment in the International Space Station (ISS), as well as how microbes survive, adapt and possibly multiply on ISS. (nasa.gov)
  • In addition, genomics is employed to study microbial community assemblages including our resident microbes that are functionally interconnected with critical physiological processes. (umass.edu)
  • In particular, a portion of the microporous passageway is defined by the microbial adsorbent so that microbes attempting to pass through the fabric via such a passageway must pass in close proximity to the microbial adsorbent. (google.de)
  • Researchers have observed a remarkable 65% Lyme disease (LD) patients at different disease stages, respond to various microbes signifying that microbial infections in LD patients do not follow the 'one microbe, one disease' Germ Theory. (news-medical.net)
  • establish an astounding 85% probability for multiple microbial infections in LD patients that include tick-borne pathogens and non-tick-borne opportunistic microbes. (news-medical.net)
  • A greater focus on the microbial component of the biosphere is warranted, since "microbes run the world. (umich.edu)
  • Acting en masse those microbes are responsible for large scale biogeochemical processes as well as being important for human health and disease in individuals. (anl.gov)
  • The best-known types of microbial mat may be flat laminated mats, which form on approximately horizontal surfaces, and stromatolites, stubby pillars built as the microbes slowly move upwards to avoid being smothered by sediment deposited on them by water. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the development of cheap high-throughput sequencing has generated thousands of microbial genome sequences, revolutionising detection of virulence factors and other determinants of pathogenesis. (le.ac.uk)
  • in this module we will explore the major techniques used in genomics and current views on the genetic diversity and adaptability of microbial pathogenesis. (le.ac.uk)
  • Microbial Pathogenesis publishes original contributions and reviews about the molecular and cellular mechanisms of infectious diseases. (elsevier.com)
  • The goals of the Center for Microbial Pathogenesis are to identify virulence mechanisms and define host response patterns with the overall objective of elucidating a detailed description of the structure, function and control of biological systems in health and disease, utilizing molecular and cellular, as well as genomic and proteomic approaches. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Microbial genetics is a subject area within microbiology and genetic engineering . (wikipedia.org)
  • Microbial Drug Resistance is under the editorial leadership of Editor Alexander Tomasz, PhD , The Rockefeller University, Laboratory of Microbiology, and other leading investigators. (liebertpub.com)
  • Encompassing both biotechnology and chemical engineering, Microbial Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals brings together microbiology, bacteria, and food processing/mechanization, which have applications for a variety of audiences. (wiley-vch.de)
  • It also provides up-to-date information on novel nutraceutical compounds and their mechanisms of action--catering to the needs of researchers and academics in food science and technology, microbiology, chemical engineering, and other disciplines who are dealing with microbial functional foods and related areas. (wiley-vch.de)
  • Deepansh Sharma is Assistant Professor (Industrial Microbiology) at the Amity Institute of Microbial Technology, Amity University, Rajasthan, India. (routledge.com)
  • Microbial Symbioses is a specialty section of Frontiers in Microbiology devoted to communicating cutting-edge research on symbiotic microbial interactions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Introductory Microbiology (BIOLOGY 207 or the equivalent) and one 300-level or above biology course [Microbial diversity (EEB 470) and general ecology (EEB 281/381) are recommended. (umich.edu)
  • This workshop will provide an opportunity for LTER scientists to evaluate past research, learn about the current activities of colleagues who work at other sites, and explore problems and opportunities with respect to funding in microbial genomics. (google.com)
  • 1) Review microbial studies in ecological genomics including manipulation experiments along latitudinal gradients and across time scales. (google.com)
  • 2) Discuss the problems and opportunities inherent in coordinating and funding future cross-site collaborations in microbial ecological genomics, and we will discuss approaches to annotation and deposition molecular datasets and metadata. (google.com)
  • You will learn how genomics increases our understanding of how microbial pathogens evolve to adapt to host environments in the long term (chromosomal organisation and gene content) and in the short term (antigenic variation and phase variation). (le.ac.uk)
  • Conceptual and methodological approaches for dealing with such diversity are now being developed, and should transform microbial genomics. (nih.gov)
  • The study of microbial genomics has been enabled by the proliferation of massively parallel sequencing. (umass.edu)
  • Accordingly, comparative genomics has greatly advanced scientific understanding of microbial biology as well as defined phylogenetic relationships to test evolutionary hypotheses. (umass.edu)
  • Genomics has allowed us to understand these host-microbial interactions and the inter-individual variation in microbiome structure and function through targeting phylogenetically informative markers and sequencing the entirety of the aggregate community metagenome. (umass.edu)
  • We utilize several sequence-based approaches including comparative and functional genomics, as well as methodologies to examine microbial ecosystems. (umass.edu)
  • We use large-scale genomics experiments to characterize those microbial communities and their metabolism. (anl.gov)
  • It has impact of modern molecular biology techniques on Microbial Biotechnology and how this can be employed in an industrial setting, As well as importance of bioprocess monitoring and downstream processing which provides an understanding of how microbial processes affect our environment in beneficial and deleterious ways. (conferenceseries.com)
  • Microbial technology plays a key role in the improvement of biotechnology, cosmeceuticals, and biopharmaceutical applications. (wiley-vch.de)
  • Rapid drying or the addition of specific biocidal chemicals may be required to prevent growth of microbial contamination in the broth or centrifuge slurry (Soper and Ward, 1981). (fao.org)
  • Using official Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved methods, our microbial identification and microbial analysis procedures highlight microbial contamination such as Escherichia coli (commonly known as E. coli), E. coli 0157:H7, Salmonella or Listeria. (sgs.com)
  • We can determine the existence of microbial contamination using a standardized polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol, or the more traditional method of plate testing and culture identification. (sgs.com)
  • In short, this means that we adhere to the highest industry standards when it comes to the detection of microbial contamination. (sgs.com)
  • By establishing structure-to-function relationships, as well as the investigating the materials-microbial interface, we can decrease microbial contamination without relying on antimicrobials or encouraging bacterial resistance. (umass.edu)
  • Traditional and modern techniques for bioaerosol enumeration were used to evaluate the relative efficiency of gaseous chlorine dioxide (ClO2) in reducing the indoor microbial contamination under field and laboratory conditions. (environmental-expert.com)
  • These studies contribute to general ecosystem analysis and indicate that complex microbial ecosystems could be used as gas exchange mechanisms in closed life support systems. (sae.org)
  • This specialty aims to accelerate the field of symbiosis research by providing a platform for outstanding publications related to understanding complex microbial interactions with other organisms. (frontiersin.org)
  • This volume provides an overview of microbial toxins from diverse bacterial and fungal origins. (springer.com)
  • Microbial food cultures include bacterial food cultures, fungi, and yeast. (ift.org)
  • To assess microbial safety of treated sewage sludge (biosolids), we examined the inactivation of microbial indicators for potential bacterial, viral and protozoan pathogens. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The microbial loop describes a trophic pathway in the marine microbial food web where dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is returned to higher trophic levels via its incorporation into bacterial biomass, and then coupled with the classic food chain formed by phytoplankton-zooplankton-nekton. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, viral infection causes bacterial lysis, which release cell contents back into the dissolved organic matter (DOM) pool, lowering the overall efficiency of the microbial loop. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microbial mats have also been referred to as "algal mats" and "bacterial mats" in older scientific literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Microbial Drug Resistance (MDR) is an international, peer-reviewed journal that covers the global spread and threat of multi-drug resistant clones of major pathogens that are widely documented in hospitals and the scientific community. (liebertpub.com)
  • Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) is a tool for estimating human health risks from exposure to pathogens via food, water, air, and other environmental routes. (usgs.gov)
  • Microbial Symbioses is devoted to communicating cutting-edge research on symbiotic microbial interactions where symbiosis is defined as any permanent or stable association between a microbe and at least one other organism. (frontiersin.org)
  • By some estimates there are twenty million microbial genes in your body: about a thousand times more than the 20,000 protein-coding genes in the human genome. (kottke.org)
  • Cataloguing microbial genes could revolutionize new fuels, help us diagnose and treat disease, and monitor the health of our planet. (technologyreview.com)
  • HUTTENHOWER: The rule of thumb is that each of us carries around about 10 times as many microbial cells as human cells and that they have about 100 times as many genes as we do. (npr.org)
  • ATCC offers microbial media products that help you reduce prep time and minimize lab errors, including cryopreservation medium, media for protozoan cultures, trace minerals and supplements, and a mycoplasma growth supplement. (atcc.org)
  • Commence┬« for Wheat stimulates microbial activity for healthier soil and a superior growth environment. (prweb.com)
  • Microbial Growth Kinetics Under Conditions of Microgravity-4 (Biokin-4) will test the development of biological air filter to clean-up contaminated air in manned space vehicles. (nasa.gov)
  • Based on Sample results, a machine may be designed that can monitor microbial growth in space, without sending samples to Earth. (nasa.gov)
  • In addition, electrical wires that produce some heat that might favor microbial growth and places with visible microbial growth are sampled. (nasa.gov)
  • Although microbial manufacturing is generally considered to be cheaper and simpler, it is not poised for dramatic growth. (genengnews.com)
  • Another factor tending to inhibit growth in microbial usage, at least in the United States, is the concentration of microbial capacity in Europe. (genengnews.com)
  • But the main factors that support microbial growth include temperatures, nutrients, acidity and osmotic pressure. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Nutrients such as iron, sulphur and phosphorous also support microbial growth. (ehow.co.uk)
  • http://www.ehow.co.uk/info_8458104_factors-affecting-microbial-growth.html. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Factors Affecting Microbial Growth" last modified May 13, 2017. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The possibility of microbial and pathogen growth in reclaimed and treated grey water raises a safety concern for consumers. (eawag.ch)
  • Microbial biodegradation is the use of bioremediation and biotransformation methods to harness the naturally occurring ability of microbial xenobiotic metabolism to degrade, transform or accumulate environmental pollutants, including hydrocarbons (e.g. oil), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heterocyclic compounds (such as pyridine or quinoline ), pharmaceutical substances, radionuclides and metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bender J, Phillips P (2004) Microbial mats for multiple applications in aquaculture and bioremediation. (springer.com)
  • microbial bioremediation. (le.ac.uk)
  • books.google.com - Annotation Bioremediation: Applied Microbial Solutions for RealWorld Environmental Cleanup is a fascinating examination of research and its realworld application. (google.com)
  • 'Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels' is a stylized text that is rich in both the basic and applied sciences. (elsevier.com)
  • Microbial Lipopeptides as next generation biomolecule for fungal pathogen control. (routledge.com)
  • There has been known a technique of using a useful microorganism or microbial cell, such as yeasts, as one of additives for concrete to produce a microbe-contained concrete usable as water-purifier-tank walls or floor linings of a water-purifying facility in homes, industrial plants or livestock farms (e. g. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • This arrangement allows the microbial adsorbent to interdict the microbe by adsorbing it. (google.de)
  • As a consequence, the authors have demonstrated that microbial infections in individuals suffering from Lyme disease do not follow the 'one microbe, one disease' status-quo. (news-medical.net)
  • Advances in Microbial Ecology was established by the International Committee on Microbial Ecology (ICOME) to provide a vehicle for in-depth, critical, and even provocative reviews to emphasize recent trends in the important field of microbial ecology. (springer.com)
  • The book highlights trends and developments in the field of microbial products, written by an international team of leading academic and research scholars. (routledge.com)
  • This review provides an overview of microbial etiology, resistance patterns, epidemiology and microbial diagnosis of pneumonia. (mendeley.com)
  • Long-term ecological studies have expanded our view of microbial biology with the incorporation of long-term monitoring programs of diversity, plant and animal ecology, and decomposition processes in the context of global climate change. (google.com)
  • Our timing was serendipitous, as it meant we were able to see changes in microbial processes over an extremely fast melting season and observe a process from start to end across all habitats on a glacier surface. (bris.ac.uk)
  • The three kinds of microbial cells have sufficient resistances against strong alkalinity even after they are mixed in the cement paste, and against high-temperature during production processes. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Enzyme and Microbial Technology is an international, peer-reviewed journal publishing original research and reviews, of biotechnological significance and novelty, on basic and applied aspects of the science and technology of processes involving the use of enzymes , micro-organisms , animal cells and plant. (elsevier.com)
  • But when you go looking between individuals, a lot of that diversity is shared, whereas if you go to a sparser ecosystem - the skin has been called, for example, a microbial desert. (npr.org)
  • Details are given on molecular methods for isolating some of the previously uncultured and numerically dominant microbial groups. (routledge.com)
  • While the above publications disclose the above technical concept, any dominant microbial cell is not clearly disclosed therein. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • In a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California, Berkeley, Buie turned his attention to microbial fuel cells, which are often used in biosensors and wastewater treatment facilities. (technologyreview.com)
  • To stitch the computational analysis steps together, 'quantitative insights into microbial ecology', or QIIME (pronounced chime) from Rob Knight and colleagues offers a user-friendly modular pipeline for amplicon sequence analysis. (nature.com)
  • Mid-ocean ridge vent systems appear to be effective modes of microbial dispersal for some organisms, and may be a key engine driving cosmopolitanism and biodiversity. (wired.com)
  • We tested this hypothesis by conducting a global abundance calculation of phototrophic mechanisms from 116 marine and terrestrial microbial metagenomes. (nih.gov)
  • Microbiologists and metabolic engineers should merge their approaches to develop novel, non-model microbial platforms that have the innate capability to utilize non-edible sugars for bioproduction. (genengnews.com)
  • It is a technology that will revolutionize the metabolic engineering of microbial cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Microoganisms are distributed across every ecosystem, and microbial transformations are fundamental to the operation of the biosphere. (routledge.com)
  • As keeping with tradition, the Microbial Ecology Section store supports membership travel awards to annual ESA Meetings and outreach events. (esa.org)
  • ATCC Microbial Panels enable faster, more intelligent choices when selecting cultures for microbial-based disease research. (atcc.org)
  • Exploitation of microbial exopolysaccharides is relatively unexplored and research interest is constantly increasing toward isolation, characterization, and applications of novel exopolysaccharides as renewable resources. (springer.com)
  • The coral microbial ecology group has an active research program identifying and characterizing the microbial associates of both tropical and cold-water (deep-sea) corals and their surrounding habitat. (usgs.gov)
  • As part of this module, starting with a DNA sequence file, you will carry out a basic bioinformatics analysis of a microbial gene and its deduced polypeptide followed by a research of the literature background of the gene and its cellular function. (le.ac.uk)
  • The research showed that, compared to pure snow and ice, the reflectivity of the glacier (also known as the 'albedo') can be reduced by up to 80 per cent in places where coloured microbial populations are extremely dense, leading to the darkening of the glacier surface. (bris.ac.uk)
  • However, our research provides a first, ground-based measure for the microbial contribution to albedo. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Microbial sciences research in Leicester is carried out by a team of clinical and non-clinical academics from both University and NHS backgrounds engaged in internationally competitive research. (le.ac.uk)
  • Ecological and evolutionary concepts and tools used in microbial research, including novel "omics" techniques, will be introduced. (umich.edu)
  • Students will develop a concept from ecology in the microbial field, written as a short research proposal, and presented during the last week of classes. (umich.edu)
  • Build a microbial fuel cell capable of illuminating an LED using pond sludge. (vernier.com)
  • This is a schematic depiction of simplified mechanism of power generation by the benthic microbial fuel cell (BMFC), without box labeled '5' corresponding to photosynthesis, and for the microbial photoelectrochemical solar microbial fuel cell (SMFC) reported here, with box labeled 5. (eurekalert.org)
  • Two different air-cathode stacked microbial fuel cell (MFC) configurations were evaluated under continuous flow during the treatment of municipal wastewater and electricity production at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 3, 1, and 0.5 d. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Air cathode earthen pot microbial fuel cell (ACEMFC) was made using low cost earthen pots as a separator coated with conductive carbon black on the exterior to work as a cathode. (environmental-expert.com)
  • poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) and poly-tetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and biocide vanillin were tested for cathode fouling in a single chamber air-cathode microbial fuel cell (MFC) constructed with a low-cost baked clayware cylinder and operated under fed-batch mode. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Yes, our survival may depend on these microbial winner and losers," say a team of Australian, Chinese, French, British and Spanish researchers in a paper published in Science today. (eurekalert.org)
  • In a new paper in Nature Communications , three Santa Fe Institute researchers describe a trio of paradoxical dynamics that can arise in simple microbial economies. (eurekalert.org)
  • Currently there is much excitement in obtaining a clearer understanding of microbial community operations in nature such as in soil or marine ecosystems. (umass.edu)
  • Materially closed, energetically open, natural microbial ecosystems, were constructed in flasks and sealed under ambient air. (sae.org)
  • Microbial mats are the earliest form of life on Earth for which there is good fossil evidence, from 3,500 million years ago, and have been the most important members and maintainers of the planet's ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ready-to-use microbial freeze medium allows for rapid inoculation and preparation of cryopreserved cultures. (atcc.org)