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  • impacts
  • The development of a thorough and goal-oriented sustainability program, one that integrates climate change impacts into risk management and takes into account the key role of private and public stakeholders, is critical to successful planning. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Quantification
  • In addition to its use as a research tool, many diagnostic applications have been developed, including microbial quantification, gene dosage determination, identification of transgenes in genetically modified foods, risk assessment of cancer recurrence, and applications for forensic use( 6 )( 7 )( 8 )( 9 )( 10 )( 11 ). (aaccjnls.org)
  • Infectious
  • For both long and short time-scales, we demonstrate that epidemic-potential-preserving trade-offs have implications for epidemic dynamics: less infectious, more persistent pathogens cause epidemics to progress more slowly than more infectious, less persistent (labile) pathogens, even when the overall risk is the same. (biomedcentral.com)
  • researchers
  • The researchers used methods from the field of quantitative microbial risk assessment, and determined the number of potential infections in one transatlantic flight, assuming there was just a single infected passenger on board. (medindia.net)
  • The science of microbial source tracking has allowed researchers and watershed managers to go beyond general indicators of fecal pollution in water such as coliforms and enterococci, and to move toward an understanding of specific contributors to water quality issues. (asmscience.org)
  • At the initiative of four national institutions working on food safety and risk assessment in France, Denmark, Germany, and South Korea, the conference will bring together researchers, risk assessors and risk managers for an update on the impact that whole genome sequencing (WGS) approachesalready have and will have in the near future in the food safety area. (anses.fr)
  • This three-day event will bring together nearly 300 researchers and experts in risk assessment and management from different countries around the world: France, Germany, Denmark, Italy, Netherlands, South Korea, United States, Canada and Singapore, as well as representatives of European institutions such as the European Commission, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). (anses.fr)
  • Using two methods proposed by researchers in the USA, this paper compares the current approaches and key assumptions. (iwaponline.com)
  • protozoa
  • The dose-response functions that are currently used in risk assessment studies for protozoa stem from clinical trials where adult healthy volunteers have been exposed to known amounts of well characterized micro-organisms and followed to ascertain the development of infection (faecal excretion, seroconversion). (biomedcentral.com)
  • spoilage
  • Abstract AimsTo investigate the transmission route of Carnobacterium from the farm environment to the meat-manufacturing plant and potential risk for meat spoilage. (usda.gov)
  • effluent
  • Results The annual diarrhea risk caused by exposure to biogas effluent through irrigation activities ranged from 17.4 to 21.1% (E. coli O157:H7), 1.0 to 2.3% (G. lamblia), and 0.2 to 0.5% (C. parvum), while those caused through unblocking drains connected to biogas effluent tanks were 22.0% (E. coli), 0.7% (G. lamblia), and 0.5% (C. parvum). (repec.org)
  • Microbes
  • This relationship has increased in its complexity, from localized ecosystems predicated on anaerobic microbial production and consumption to a global biosphere founded on primary production from oxygenic photoautotrophs, through the evolution of Eukarya, metazoans, and the complexly networked ecosystems of microbes, animals, fungi, and plants that characterize the Phanerozoic Eon (the last ∼541 million years of Earth history). (microbe.net)
  • Guidelines
  • Content: The Minimum Information for Publication of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Experiments (MIQE) guidelines target the reliability of results to help ensure the integrity of the scientific literature, promote consistency between laboratories, and increase experimental transparency. (aaccjnls.org)
  • irrigation
  • The results showed that although irrigation water was highly contaminated (5.6 Log E. coli /100 ml), exposure to farm soil (2.3 Log E. coli /g) was found to be the key risk pathway due to soil-to-mouth events. (biomedcentral.com)
  • resistance
  • Abstract AimsAeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) has been isolated from various fish species in Egypt and is known to carry virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes, which pose risk for public health. (usda.gov)
  • infection
  • Relative contributions of four exposure pathways to influenza infection risk. (cdc.gov)
  • We used a mathematical model to estimate the relative contributions of the four pathways to infection risk in the context of a person attending a bed-ridden family member ill with influenza. (cdc.gov)
  • persistence
  • A better understanding of persistence-infectivity trade-offs and associated dynamics can improve our ecological understanding of environmentally transmitted pathogens, as well as our risk assessment and disease control strategies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Giardia
  • The quantitative estimate of Giardia dose was the product of the declared amount of drinking water intake (in L) by the logarithm of cysts concentrations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Doing so, a daily water intake of 2 L and a Giardia concentration of 10 cysts/100 L, would yield an estimated relative excess risk of 12 % according to the Rendtorff model, against 11 % when multiplying the baseline rate of ADC by the corresponding OR. (biomedcentral.com)
  • food
  • Each chapter includes background information regarding a specific unit operation, discussion of quantitative aspects, and examples of food processes in which the unit operation plays a major role in microbial safety. (wiley.com)
  • households
  • This study investigated dishwashers in German households to analyse the number and composition of microbial colonisers and their putative impact on dishwashing hygiene. (microbe.net)
  • Dose Response
  • The Odds Ratio for one unit of dose [OR = 1.76 (95% CI: 1.21, 2.55)] showed a very good consistency with the risk assessment estimate computed after the literature dose-response, provided application of a 20 % abatement factor to the cysts counts that were measured in the epidemiological study. (biomedcentral.com)
  • waste
  • Methods and ResultsFaecal samples were collected from healthy cattle, cattle waste attendants, and cattle house wastes and. (usda.gov)
  • results
  • 2017) "Detecting and Enumerating Soil-Transmitted Helminth Eggs in Soil: New Method Development and Results from Field Testing in Kenya and Bangladesh. (berkeley.edu)
  • coli
  • Methods and ResultsA total of 520 fresh vegetables/fruits samples were analyzed for the presence of E. coli, including Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC), and Salmonella. (usda.gov)
  • Drinking
  • it addresses the effect of bioterrorism on drinking water safety, particularly safeguards that are in place to protect consumers against the microbial agents involved. (wiley.com)