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  • Individuals
  • However, BMI does not account for the wide variation in body fat distribution, and may not correspond to the same degree of fatness or associated health risk in different individuals and populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, weight management involves an understanding of meaningful ways to track weight over time and set ideal body weights for different individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • High CFC individuals have also been shown to be more cautious about their sexual activity, have fewer sexual partners, are more likely to use alternate methods of reducing exposure to HIV (e.g. inquiring about partner's sexual history, delaying or abstaining from sex), and are more likely to seek out HIV-testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • for example, individuals with greater muscle mass or larger bones will have higher BMIs. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • The most effective methods of birth control are sterilization by means of vasectomy in males and tubal ligation in females, intrauterine devices (IUDs), and implantable birth control. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Of the many formulas that have been used for estimating body weight, some include the APLS formula, the Leffler formula, and Theron formula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Less effective methods include physical barriers such as condoms, diaphragms and birth control sponges and fertility awareness methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Birth control methods include barrier methods, hormonal birth control, intrauterine devices (IUDs), sterilization, and behavioral methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • regard
  • The aim of this study is to assess the levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) and Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients with regard to method of treatment and patients' Body Mass Index (BMI), and to examine the factors that affect adherence to treatment. (alliedacademies.org)
  • primarily
  • The body weight is supported primarily by the buttocks in contact with the ground or a horizontal object such as a chair seat. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there were no errors whatsoever in measuring body density, the uncertainty in fat estimation would be about ± 3.8% of the body weight, primarily because of normal variability in body constituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • The trend of increasing body mass was higher in the late 1980s than during the 1990s. (repec.org)
  • A correlation between occupational sitting specifically and higher body mass index has been demonstrated, but causality has not yet been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, low CFC has been shown to be associated with higher Body Mass Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other methods such as condoms, diaphragms, and spermicides have higher first-year failure rates even with perfect usage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth
  • Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth control has been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became available in the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other methods of birth control do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some methods of birth control can be started immediately following the birth, while others require a delay of up to six months. (wikipedia.org)
  • In women who are breastfeeding, progestin-only methods are preferred over combined oral birth control pills. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 222 million women who want to avoid pregnancy in developing countries are not using a modern birth control method. (wikipedia.org)
  • While all methods of birth control have some potential adverse effects, the risk is less than that of pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • After stopping or removing many methods of birth control, including oral contraceptives, IUDs, implants and injections, the rate of pregnancy during the subsequent year is the same as for those who used no birth control. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • Symptoms of this disorder occur because the heart has difficulty pumping blood from the body through the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • A correction is made for the buoyancy of air in the lungs and other gases in the body spaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • scales
  • Practically though, body weight may be measured with clothes on, but without shoes or heavy accessories such as mobile phones and wallets and using manual or digital weighing scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • measure
  • *BMI may not be an accurate measure for everyone - including people who have more muscle mass (like athletes), seniors with less muscle mass or people under 5 feet tall. (aicr.org)
  • Whole-body air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a recognised and scientifically validated densitometric method to measure human body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • Research measuring the effect of restraint positions on lung function suggests that restraint which involves bending the restrained person or placing body weight on them, has more effect on their breathing than face down positioning alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • occupational
  • We assessed the effects of changes in income and occupational activities on changes in body weight among 2952 non-pregnant women enrolled in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Surveys between 1983 and 2002. (repec.org)
  • pregnant
  • It however is less accurate in people such as body builders and pregnant women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Effectiveness is generally expressed as the percentage of women who become pregnant using a given method during the first year, and sometimes as a lifetime failure rate among methods with high effectiveness, such as tubal ligation. (wikipedia.org)
  • relative
  • Mist netting is a unique method in that it provides demographic estimates throughout all seasons, and offers valuable guides to relative abundance of certain species or birds and/or bats (Dunn and Ralph 2004). (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • On average, body mass index (BMI) among women occupied in low activities was 0.29Â kg/m2 (standard error 0.11) larger compared to women occupied in heavy activities. (repec.org)
  • Our analysis suggests a trend in the environment over the last 20 years that has increased the susceptibility of Filipino women to larger body mass. (repec.org)
  • The percentage of essential body fat for women is greater than that for men, due to the demands of childbearing and other hormonal functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • amount of body fat
  • Information gathered using the percentile ranking takes into consideration the childs age and sex, recognising that the amount of body fat regularly changes with age and sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • This occurs because a high amount of dietary calcium increases the amount of energy and fat excreted from the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • A common cross-legged position is with the lower part of both legs folded towards the body, crossing each other at the ankle or calf, with both ankles on the floor, sometimes with the feet tucked under the knees or thighs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two most common methods of medical underwriting are known as moratorium underwriting, a relatively simple process, and full medical underwriting, a more indepth analysis of a client's health information. (wikipedia.org)
  • Height
  • The BAI is calculated as: 100 × hip circumference in m height in m × height − 18 {\displaystyle {\frac {100\times {\text{hip circumference in m}}}{{\text{height in m}}\times {\sqrt {\text{height}}}}}-18} Hip circumference (R = 0.602) and height (R = −0.524) are strongly correlated with percentage of body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adiposity indexes that include the waist circumference (for example waist-to-height ratio WHtR) may be better than BAI and BMI in evaluating metabolic and cardiovascular risk in both clinical practice and research. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • We evaluated muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA, microneurography) and blood pressure (BP, oscillatory method) and peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity by inhalation of 10%O 2 and 90%N 2 with CO 2 titrated, and central chemoreflex by 7%CO 2 and 93%O 2 for 3 min. (ahajournals.org)
  • In addition, there are cardiopulmonary and vascular changes, including a significant decrease in red blood cell mass, that affect skeletal muscle function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nation
  • The Nation of Ma-i produced beeswax, cotton, true pearls, tortoise shell, medicinal betel nuts and yuta cloth in their trade with East Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Iron overload, also known as haemochromatosis, indicates accumulation of iron in the body from any cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • The smallest wasps are solitary chalcid wasps in the family Mymaridae, including the world's smallest known insect, with a body length of only 0.139 mm (0.0055 in), and the smallest known flying insect, only 0.15 mm (0.0059 in) long. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • This normal adaptive response to the microgravity environment is, for the most part, of little consequence within the space vehicle per se, but may become a liability resulting in increased risk of an inability or decreased efficiency in crewmember performance of physically demanding tasks during extravehicular activity (EVA) or abrupt transitions to environments of increased gravity (return to Earth, landing on the surface of another planetary body). (wikipedia.org)
  • Earth
  • Other young Earth creationists believe that the Earth and the universe were created with the appearance of age, so that the world appears to be much older than it is, and that this appearance is what gives the geological findings and other methods of dating the Earth and the universe their much longer timelines. (wikipedia.org)