Loading...
  • cardiac syndrome
  • Objectives The aim of this study was to ascertain whether coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) and inflammation are related in cardiac syndrome X (CSX). (onlinejacc.org)
  • In cardiac syndrome X, the presence of ischaemic-like ST segment changes during chest pain, in the absence of epicardial coronary stenoses, suggests that myocardial ischaemia caused by coronary microvascular dysfunction is responsible for angina. (bmj.com)
  • patients
  • 17 Accordingly, using a randomised, double blind, "sham" controlled design, we found that enhanced cardiac pain perception is indeed present in syndrome X patients and is mainly confined to ventricular myocardium. (bmj.com)
  • In an interesting study published in a recent issue of Heart , Rosen and colleagues 26 provide new insights into the neural mechanisms responsible for enhanced cardiac pain perception in syndrome X. They performed dynamic H 2 15 O positron emission tomography to map regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in eight syndrome X patients (six females) and in eight sex and age matched healthy controls. (bmj.com)
  • In contrast, all syndrome X patients developed typical anginal pain and ST segment depression, in the absence of detectable left ventricular wall motion abnormalities. (bmj.com)
  • rCBF distribution showed significant differences between syndrome X patients and controls, mainly consisting of an increased flow/activity in the right anterior insula, at the level of the frontal operculum junction in the former group. (bmj.com)
  • Of note, this latter finding also distinguished syndrome X from CAD patients. (bmj.com)
  • diseases
  • Conversion of Sugar to Fat: Is Hepatic de Novo Lipogenesis Leading to Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Chronic Diseases? (jaoa.org)
  • One important pathway that may link these metabolic diseases to sugar consumption is hepatic conversion of sugar to fat, a process known as de novo lipogenesis (DNL). (jaoa.org)
  • Although the sugar and beverage industries continue to question the scientific evidence linking high-sugar diets to metabolic diseases, major health organizations now make evidence-based recommendations to limit consumption of simple sugars to no more than 5% to 10% of daily intake. (jaoa.org)
  • Although the sugar and beverage industries still try to question the scientific evidence linking high-sugar diets to metabolic diseases, health organizations, including the World Health Organization, 1 the American Heart Association, 2 and the US Department of Agriculture, 3 have recently published evidence-based recommendations to limit the consumption of simple sugars to no more than 5% to 10% of daily caloric intake. (jaoa.org)
  • If left untreated, complications from diseases associated with untreated metabolic syndrome can develop in as few as 15 years. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Abdominal obesity has been linked to Alzheimer's disease as well as other metabolic and vascular diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • define metaboli
  • Sitting in front of a screen and not getting enough (or any) exercise also can increase a child's chance of developing factors like obesity , low HDL ("good") cholesterol, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar that define metabolic syndrome. (teenshealth.org)
  • triglycerides
  • Metabolic syndrome, sometimes known by other names, is a clustering of at least three of the five following medical conditions: abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high serum triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • glucose
  • Other signs of metabolic syndrome include high blood pressure, decreased fasting serum HDL cholesterol, elevated fasting serum triglyceride level (VLDL triglyceride), impaired fasting glucose, insulin resistance, or prediabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adiponectin is a protein hormone that modulates a number of metabolic processes, including glucose regulation and fatty acid oxidation. (wikipedia.org)
  • PCOS
  • Such evidence includes the familial clustering of cases, greater concordance in monozygotic compared with dizygotic twins and heritability of endocrine and metabolic features of PCOS. (wikipedia.org)
  • PCOS has some aspects of a metabolic disorder, since its symptoms are partly reversible. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Recent research indicates prolonged chronic stress can contribute to metabolic syndrome by disrupting the hormonal balance of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA-axis). (wikipedia.org)
  • cholesterol
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) was the first to publish an internationally accepted definition for metabolic syndrome in 1998, but the criteria that have received the most widespread acceptance and use in the United States are those established in 2002 as guidelines in the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program expert panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (ATP III). (labtestsonline.org)
  • Metabolic syndrome is when several conditions occur together, including abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure and low HDL (good) or high LDL (bad) cholesterol. (heart.org)
  • exercise
  • We briefly review the role of oxidative stress as a major component of the metabolic syndrome and then discuss the impact of exercise on these pathophysiological pathways. (hindawi.com)
  • Criteria
  • In 2005, the American Heart Association (AHA) in conjunction with the NHLBI also released a scientific statement regarding metabolic syndrome that includes a set of criteria that defines the condition. (labtestsonline.org)