• 4-Coumarate:coenzyme A ligase and isoperoxidase expression in Zinnia mesophyll cells induced to differentiate into tracheary elements. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A biochemical characterization of ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome pathway activity was conducted in Zinnia mesophyll cell cultures to examine potential differences between differentiating cells of tracheary element (TE) cultures and non-differentiating cells of control cultures. (vt.edu)
  • A characterization of phytohormone-stimulated growth of non-differentiating cultured Zinnia cells is also presented. (vt.edu)
  • Additionally, this study establishes the utility of Zinnia suspension cultures as a valuable model for studies of cell expansion. (vt.edu)
  • All these structural and functional features of mesophyll cells reflect the evolutionary strategies of adaptation in spring ephemers, which enable these plants to complete their short life cycle in the environment combining low temperature and high insolation. (deepdyve.com)
  • The structural organization of these cells allows for the chemical reactions of photosynthesis. (brainscape.com)
  • The results suggest that changes in g m depend on covariations of multiple leaf ( S mes ) and M cell (including cell wall thickness) structural traits. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The results presented in this paper show that assimilatory sulfate reduction is restricted to the bundle-sheath cells, whereas the formation of glutathione takes place predominantly in the mesophyll cells, with cyst(e)ine functioning as a transport metabolite between the two cell types. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We describe a method for localizing and comparing relative amounts of plasma membrane-associated calcium ions (mCa) in complex tissues and verify the procedure for mesophyll cells of red spruce ( Picea rubens Sarg. (usda.gov)
  • The patch clamp technique was used to study the physiology of ion transport in mesophyll cells from two Thlaspi spp. (plantphysiol.org)
  • In the present work, we used the patch clamp technique to study the properties of the ion channels of leaf mesophyll cells from two plant species, which although closely related, differ significantly in their physiology. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Therefore, the mesophyll cell PM transporters from these related plant species have had to adapt to significantly different ionic conditions. (plantphysiol.org)
  • It feeds on mesophyll cell contents of solanaceous plants like Datura and Nicotiana-species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The size, shape, color, and number of oil bodies per cell is characteristic of certain species and may be used to identify these. (wikipedia.org)
  • ATP sulfurylase (EC 2.7.7.4) and adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase activities were detected almost exclusively in the bundle-sheath cells, whereas GSH synthetase (EC 6.3.2.3) and cyst(e)ine, gamma-glutamylcysteine, and glutathione were located predominantly in the mesophyll cells. (biomedsearch.com)
  • How do you describe the process of cell division in plants and animals? (reference.com)
  • The process of cell division in plants and animals is very similar as regards the replication and separation of the nucleus and other organelles, but the a. (reference.com)
  • Implementation of electrophysiological techniques for studying ion transporters in higher plant cells have broadened our understanding of the mechanisms by which plants absorb major ions, such as K + and Ca 2+ , from soils and translocate them to the shoots. (plantphysiol.org)
  • C 4 plants use PEP carboxylase to capture more CO 2 in the mesophyll cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transpiration also cools plants, changes osmotic pressure of cells, and enables mass flow of mineral nutrients and water from roots to shoots. (wikipedia.org)
  • In living plants, callus cells are those cells that cover a plant wound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regeneration of a whole plant from a single cell allows transgenics researchers to obtain whole plants which have a copy of the transgene in every cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • These calcium- and zinc-dependent proteases are activated at neutral pH and twenty-three have been found present in mammalian cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differential effects on radial cell expansion versus cell elongation were observed for the four plant growth regulators examined. (vt.edu)
  • Cytokinin (N-6-benzyladenine, BA) has a greater effect on growth in cell girth rather than length. (vt.edu)
  • Phytosulfokines are sulfated growth factors strongly promoting proliferation of plant cells in cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most basic description of the plant extracellular matrix (ECM) is the cell wall, but it is actually the cell surface continuum that includes a variety of proteins with major roles in plant growth, development, and response. (wikipedia.org)
  • The upper epidermal cells appear to remain relatively normal as well, as hyphal growth goes below this layer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant calluses derived from many different cell types can differentiate into a whole plant, a process called regeneration, through addition of plant hormones to the culture medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, only 23% of T. caerulescens cells showed SKOR activity, whereas the remaining 77% exhibit a rapidly developing instantaneous K + outward rectifier (RKOR) current. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Ion substitution in whole-cell and single-channel experiments indicated that although the SKOR and RKOR channels mediate a net outward K + current, they can also allow a significant Zn 2+ permeation (i.e. influx). (plantphysiol.org)
  • Here, we show, by immunogold-labeling of ultrathin sections of aphid feeding sites, that an immuno-suppressive aphid effector localizes in the cytoplasm of mesophyll cells near aphid stylets but not in cells further away from aphid feeding sites. (jic.ac.uk)
  • Bienertia sinuspersici and three other former chenopods (Suaeda aralocaspica, Bienertia cycloptera, and Bienertia kavirense) instead conduct single-celled C4 photosynthesis within individual chlorenchyma cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in most larger organisms, which have a small surface-area to volume ratios, specialised structures with convoluted surfaces such as gills, pulmonary alveoli and spongy mesophyll provide the large area needed for effective gas exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this purpose, the minor vein structure and the sugar concentrations in phloem sap as well as in the subcellular compartments of mesophyll cells were investigated. (springer.com)
  • The product is usually converted to malate , a simple organic compound , which is transported to the bundle-sheath cells surrounding a nearby vein . (wikipedia.org)
  • The ECM has a functional structure, along with aid in the regulation of turgor, which acts as a protective barrier and communicates with other cells using signaling pathways. (wikipedia.org)