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  • mortality
  • The main purpose of this trial is to test if mortality of childhood bacterial meningitis can be reduced by slow, continuous infusion of cefotaxime initially, instead of the traditional bolus administration four times daily (qid), combined with high-dose paracetamol orally, when both treatments are executed for the first 4 days. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The principal objective of the study is to examine if mortality of childhood bacterial meningitis can be reduced by slow continuous infusion of cefotaxime combined with high-dose paracetamol orally for the first 4 days (instead of the traditional qid administration of cefotaxime without concomitant paracetamol). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • treatment
  • At this point our suspicion of bacterial meningitis is high enough that we feel close, intimate contacts - teammates, housemates - warrant a single dose of antibiotic treatment of a medicine called Ciprofloxacin (Cipro). (berkeley.edu)
  • That has proven to be a very effective prophylactic treatment for meningitis. (berkeley.edu)
  • children with bacterial meningitis
  • Because of the demonstrated benefits of these drugs in adults, physicians have increasingly been using corticosteroids in children with bacterial meningitis," said study leader Samir S. Shah, M.D., an infectious diseases specialist from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. (medindia.net)
  • In the study, the research team analyzed medical records of 2,780 children with bacterial meningitis at 27 U.S. pediatric hospitals from 2001 to 2006. (medindia.net)
  • Explain to interested patients that this study found that adjuvant corticosteroid treatment in children with bacterial meningitis was not associated with improved outcomes. (medpagetoday.com)
  • PHILADELPHIA, May 7 -- Corticosteroid therapy for children with bacterial meningitis was not associated with a reduced mortality rate or length of hospitalization, a retrospective study showed. (medpagetoday.com)
  • A randomized trial is warranted to explore the possible benefit of adjuvant corticosteroid therapy on both morbidity and mortality in children with bacterial meningitis before such corticosteroid use becomes routine," the researchers said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The researchers said that results of studies in children with bacterial meningitis may differ from adult studies because adults may have different predisposing factors for meningitis, a different inflammatory response, or greater numbers of comorbidities. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Corticosteroids
  • Corticosteroids given to children who are suffering from bacterial meningitis do not provide any benefit as far as survival or reduced hospital stays are concerned, a study led by an Indian-origin researchers has said. (medindia.net)
  • There also was no significant difference in those outcomes between those receiving and not receiving corticosteroids in the subsets of children with meningitis caused by pneumococcal bacteria or by meningococcal bacteria. (medindia.net)
  • Use of adjuvant corticosteroids in adults with bacterial meningitis has been associated with significant reductions in mortality, but the benefits in children had remained unclear. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Also, meningitis mortality is substantially lower in children, which may prevent the detection of small differences with the use of adjuvant corticosteroids in this population, they said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Prevalence
  • Blaise Congeni, M.D., a pediatric infectious diseases specialist at Akron Children's Hospital in Ohio, commented that he does not think prospective studies on bacterial meningitis in children will be possible because the prevalence of the disease is too low. (medpagetoday.com)
  • strain
  • The strain of bacterial meningitis identified by the university is the same type that was present at Princeton University, Drexel University in Philadelphia and the University of California, Santa Barbara, last year. (thehoya.com)
  • An official health report has revealed that deaths of children and teens due to a killer strain of meningitis have been eradicated for the first time in the UK. (medindia.net)
  • A strain of meningitis in January claimed 124 lives in Burkina Faso, one of the world's poorest countries, according to a report issued Thursday by the Burkinabe health ministry. (medindia.net)