• A small number of sanguivorous species known as "medicinal leeches" have played an important role in traditional and modern medicine, most noticeably four Hirudo spp. (springer.com)
  • The best-known, such as the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis , are hematophagous , attaching themselves to a host with a sucker and feeding on blood, having first secreted the peptide hirudin to prevent the blood from clotting. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name for the subclass, Hirudinea, comes from the Latin hirudo, hirudinis , a leech. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hirudiniformes are jawed leeches, armed with teeth, including the blood-feeding European medical leech , Hirudo medicinalis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the 15 fingers treated by leech therapy, 10 fingers were saved (4 out of 9 replanted fingers and 6 out of 6 revascularized fingers), while out of 18 flaps treated by this treatment modality, 17 were salvaged (3 out of 4 free flaps and all 14 island and random flaps). (huji.ac.il)
  • In conclusion, leech therapy should be considered as an integral part of the armamentarium used in reconstructive surgery. (huji.ac.il)
  • The patients should be treated each day of leech therapy with anti-Aeromonas antibiotics. (huji.ac.il)
  • Leech therapy is used until venous capillary return is established across the wound border by angiogenesis. (huji.ac.il)
  • Leech therapy is not recommended in pregnancy and lactation and in patients with an unstable medical status, history of allergy to leeches or severe allergic diathesis, and disposition to keloid scar formation, as well as in those using anticoagulants and immunosuppressant (Mumcuoglu, 2014). (huji.ac.il)
  • Treated leeches were ready to take a blood meal after treatment, which show that it is possible to use leeches treated with antibiotics, with the ultimate aim of eliminating the need for systemic antibiotic prophylaxis for patients undergoing hirudotherapy (Mumcuoglu et al. (huji.ac.il)
  • The freshwater or amphibious worm-leeches are carnivorous and equipped with a relatively large, toothless mouth to ingest insect larvae, molluscs, and other annelid worms, which are swallowed whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phylogenetic tree of the leeches and their annelid relatives is based on molecular analysis (1999) of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase . (wikipedia.org)
  • Glossiphoniidae are flattened freshwater leeches, mostly parasitic on vertebrates such as turtles, and unique among annelids in carrying their young under their bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both groups are hermaphrodites and have a clitellum , but leeches typically differ from the oligochaetes in having suckers at both ends and in having external annulations that do not correspond with their internal segmentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within this order, the Hirudidae are aquatic and the Haemadipsidae are terrestrial and mainly blood-feeders, including Haemadipsa sylvestris , the Indian leech and Haemadipsa zeylanica , the Japanese mountain leech. (wikipedia.org)
  • Leeches (Hirudinea) constitute a relatively small monophyletic group of highly specialized annelids, but may play important roles as invertebrate predators in freshwater, while others are infamous for their ectoparasitic bloodsucking. (springer.com)
  • Reproductive biology of the invasive Asian freshwater leech Barbronia weberi (Blanchard, 1897). (springer.com)
  • The majority of leeches live in freshwater environments, while some species can be found in terrestrial and marine environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other environmental bacteria and some filamentous fungi were isolated from 28.6% of treated leeches that had taken a blood meal 1-4 weeks after treatment. (huji.ac.il)
  • Cryptic radiation in erpobdellid leeches in xeric landscapes: a molecular analysis of population differentiation. (springer.com)
  • Usually 1-10 leeches are used for each treatment, while at the beginning, the patient might need two or more treatments per day. (huji.ac.il)
  • Usually the treatment with leeches lasts for 2-6 days. (huji.ac.il)
  • Signs of regional lymphadenitis, slight swelling, and pain of regional lymph nodes on the side of leech application and sub-febrile temperature can occur. (huji.ac.il)
  • The patients with revascularized or replanted fingers were treated in average of 2.5 days and each finger was treated with an average of 5.7 leeches. (huji.ac.il)
  • The 15 patients with flaps were treated in average of 3.4 days and each flap was treated with an average of 9.2 leeches. (huji.ac.il)
  • were detected in 57 out of 80 control leeches (71.3%), but in none of the 56 leeches treated with ciprofloxacin. (huji.ac.il)
more