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  • oxidative stress
  • Our previous studies reveal that oxidative stress occurs in response to inorganic arsenite (iAs 3+ ) exposure [ 5 - 8 ], which may partly account for the dermal toxicity of iAs 3+ , including hyperkeratosis and carcinogenesis. (hindawi.com)
  • Mechanisms of nickel-carcinogenesis range from oxidative stress, DNA damage, and hypoxia-inducible pathways to epigenetic mechanisms. (mdpi.com)
  • Non-coding RNAs are also involved in well-studied mechanisms of nickel-induced lung carcinogenesis, such as the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway, oxidative stress, DNA damage and repair, DNA hypermethylation, and alterations in tumor suppressors and oncogenes. (mdpi.com)
  • elucidation
  • The papers discussed are selected on the basis of relevance to the elucidation of reaction mechanisms and many include results of a nonkinetic nature when useful mechanistic information can be deduced. (springer.com)
  • These findings are significant developments for the elucidation of models of inorganic carbon transport for photosynthesis and calcification and also provide a cell imaging procedure for future investigations into how pHi and other fundamental intracellular parameters in corals respond to changes in the external environment such as reductions in seawater pH. (pnas.org)
  • study
  • This study investigated the iron uptake mechanisms that the model organism T. erythraeum IMS101 uses to acquire iron from inorganic iron and iron associated with the weak ligand complex, ferric citrate. (ucsd.edu)
  • The present study aimed at identifying curcumin as a potent activator of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) and demonstrating its protective effect against inorganic arsenite- (iAs 3+ -) induced cytotoxicity in human keratinocytes. (hindawi.com)
  • cellular
  • endogenous respiration rate and the intracellular ATP/ADP ratio were determined during synchronous growth of a high temperature strain of Chlorella pyrenoidosa in order to correlate their activities with a proposed mechanism for the control of intracellular levels of inorganic acid-insoluble polyphosphate, (Pi)x, during cellular growth and division. (vt.edu)
  • book
  • With detailed analysis and broad coverage, the book is divided into two sections: Bio-applications and Inorganic Applications. (wiley.com)
  • include
  • Alternative mechanisms which have not been eliminated include the production of CO2 from HCO3- at low pH maintained by a H+ pump, in a compartment close to that containing Rubisco. (asknature.org)
  • different
  • IMS101 was observed to employ two different iron uptake mechanisms: superoxide-mediated reduction of inorganic iron in the surrounding milieu and a superoxide-independent uptake system for ferric citrate complexes. (ucsd.edu)
  • materials
  • Much of the green revolution in farming, which allows us to feed the earth's population, is based on the inorganic chemist's ability to produce fertilizer from cheap raw materials. (twirpx.com)
  • Possible
  • In situ synchrotronradiation X-ray diffraction is used to elucidate a possible formation mechanism of the hybrid WO x -EDA. (edu.au)
  • provide
  • Diatoms growing in their natural aquatic habitats operate inorganic C concentrating mechanisms (CCMs), which provide a steady-state CO2 concentration around Rubisco higher than that in the medium. (asknature.org)