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  • weight
  • Analytical modules provide accurate ratios for, for example extracellular to intracellular water, or fat mass to weight, and present doctors with indications of medical disorders that would otherwise need additional examinations to be diagnosed. (dantest.com)
  • Body weight will be measured on a digital scale to assess change in body weight over the 12-week intervention period. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Waist
  • 1)Pull the tape ruler to level height,measured 2 cm above the navel close to the skin around the waist circle.Select the male or female side of the tape measure (see icons) making sure the correct side is facing. (chinatapemeasure.com)
  • This is measured using Body Mass Index - BMI or waist circumference. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bust, waist, and hips are called inflection points, and the ratios of their circumferences are used to define basic body shapes. (wikipedia.org)
  • At puberty, a girl's sex hormones, mainly estrogen, will promote breast development and a wider pelvis tilted forward for child bearing, and until menopause a woman's estrogen levels will cause her body to store excess fat in the buttocks, hips and thighs, but generally not around her waist, which will remain about the same size as it was before puberty. (wikipedia.org)
  • These factors result in women's waist-hip ratio (WHR) being lower than for males, although males tend to have a greater upper-body to waist-hip ratio (WHR) giving them a V shape look because of their greater muscle mass e.g. they generally have much larger, more muscular & broader shoulders, pectoral muscles, teres major muscles & latissimus dorsi muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • A regulation adopted by the state Public Health Council in April requires schools to calculate the body mass index, or BMI, of students in grades 1, 4, 7 and 10 and report the numbers to parents and the state. (patriotledger.com)
  • Medicine has created a formula (BMI or Body Mass Index) to calculate your ideal weight range to be in good health. (johnoverall.com)
  • BTB was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, Maryland, United States) under award number K08HD075831, https://www.nichd.nih.gov/Pages/index.aspx . (plos.org)
  • SHD was supported by grant R01MH100216 from the US National Institute of Mental Health, https://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.shtml . (plos.org)
  • In the Copenhagen School Health Records Register (CSHRR) boys and girls with measures of BMI at age 13 years later became 37,792 spousal-pairs who married between 1945 and 2010. (frontiersin.org)
  • The study argues for preventive health measures to be gender-specific and specific to socioeconomic disadvantage within populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s insightful and powerful imaging techniques were discovered that would further help advance the understanding of the health risks associated with body fat accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Growth has long been recognized as a measure of the health of individuals, hence part of the reasoning for the use of growth charts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various theoretical approaches exist on the relationships between body fat percentage, health, athletic capacity, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • This graph from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States charts the average body fat percentages of Americans from samples from 1999-2004: In males, mean percentage body fat ranged from 22.9% at age 16-19 years to 30.9% at age 60-79 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are, and have been, wide differences in what should be considered an ideal or preferred body shape, both for attractiveness and for health reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormones
  • Both male and female hormones are present in the human body, and though only one of them is predominant in an adult, the other hormone has effects on body's shape to some extent. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Body shape is affected by body fat distribution, which is correlated to current levels of sex hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the physiology of weight gain and loss is complex involving numerous hormones, body systems and environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hormones produced by the thyroid gland regulate the rate of metabolism, controlling how quickly the body uses energy, and controls how sensitive the body should be to other hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • puberty
  • During puberty, differentiation of the male and female body occurs for the purposes of reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also affect body fat distribution, causing fat to be stored in the buttocks, thighs, and hips in women, but generally not around their waists, which will remain about the same size as they were before puberty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Males
  • However it is unclear that such levels are ever actually attained since (a) the means to measure such levels are, as noted below, lacking in principle and inaccurate, and (b) 4-6% is generally considered a physiological minimum for human males. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Similar inferences can be made from a study of Glasgow mothers from poor socio-economic groups where low pre-pregnant body weights were associated with a higher incidence of low birth weights. (fao.org)
  • composition
  • Most modern body composition laboratories today use the value of 1.1 kilograms per litre for the density of the "fat free mass", a theoretical tissue composed of 72% water (density = 0.993), 21% protein (density = 1.340) and 7% mineral (density = 3.000) by weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Maximum component points are: Aerobic-60 Body Composition-20 Push-ups-10 Crunches-10 Airmen who are medically recommended not to run may be cleared to participate in an alternative aerobic fitness assessment. (wikipedia.org)
  • bone
  • Peak bone mass is not achieved until about the age of 25 years. (fao.org)
  • accurately
  • A relatively small sample of the population may have been measured, which makes it uncertain whether this sample accurately represents the entire population. (wikipedia.org)
  • estimates
  • The effect estimates for hypertensive disorders with high body mass index appeared more pronounced among smokers than non-smokers, although the observed difference was not statistically significant. (plos.org)
  • heights
  • 1971) and found that the mean heights of the mothers appeared to be similar in all socio-economic groups while body weights were nearly 10 kg less in mothers who belonged to the group with the lowest socioeconomic status. (fao.org)
  • The birth weights appeared to be linearly correlated with both maternal body weights and heights. (fao.org)
  • The correlation coefficients between height and alternative measures as well as correlations between the heights estimated by alternative measures were higher in children with CP than in healthy children. (sciencedomain.org)
  • The widely used body mass index (BMI) provides a measure that allows the comparison of the adiposity of individuals of different heights and weights. (wikipedia.org)
  • buttocks
  • This body type is also known as "apple shaped", as opposed to "pear shaped", in which fat is deposited on the hips and buttocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • Bodybuilders may compete at essential body fat range, in fact certified personal trainers will suggest them to keep that extremely low level of body fat only for the contest time. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effects of high body mass index and smoking on hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. (plos.org)
  • thighs
  • Prominent muscles of the body include the latissimus dorsi, trapezius, pectoral muscles (muscles critical for a strong erect posture) as well as biceps and triceps in the arms and quadriceps and hamstrings in the thighs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moderate
  • To demonstrate that alternative measures are reliable predictors of height in children with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy (CP) and moderate/severe malnutrition and in healthy children. (sciencedomain.org)
  • data
  • The Tracker measures steps taken, and combines it with user data to calculate distance walked, calories burned, floors climbed and activity duration and intensity. (wikipedia.org)
  • distribution
  • Female body shape or female figure is the cumulative product of a woman's skeletal structure and the quantity and distribution of muscle and fat on the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body fat distribution may change from time to time, depending on food habits, activity levels and hormone levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • A woman's sex hormone levels will affect the fat distribution on her body. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Gudnadóttir TA, Bateman BT, Hernádez-Díaz S, Luque-Fernandez MA, Valdimarsdottir U, Zoega H (2016) Body Mass Index, Smoking and Hypertensive Disorders during Pregnancy: A Population Based Case-Control Study. (plos.org)
  • fitness
  • 1. To assure its durability, the offered fitness measuring tape is manufactured using premium grade iron by our highly skilled professionals. (chinatapemeasure.com)
  • Men's Fitness reports that a strong back helps to stabilize the entire upper body while a person bench presses. (reference.com)
  • female body
  • Attention has been focused on the female body as a source of aesthetic pleasure, sexual attraction, fertility, and reproduction in most human societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • Based on population studies, the BAI is approximately equal to the percentage of body fat for adult men and women of differing ethnicities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Height
  • The BAI is calculated as: 100 × hip circumference in m height in m × height − 18 {\displaystyle {\frac {100\times {\text{hip circumference in m}}}{{\text{height in m}}\times {\sqrt {\text{height}}}}}-18} Hip circumference (R = 0.602) and height (R = −0.524) are strongly correlated with percentage of body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adiposity indexes that include the waist circumference (for example waist-to-height ratio WHtR) may be better than BAI and BMI in evaluating metabolic and cardiovascular risk in both clinical practice and research. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • The human body breaks down and excretes BPA within a few days, so these consistent measurements in humans mean that we are taking in BPA as fast as our bodies can get rid of it. (saferchemicals.org)
  • further
  • A further important element is the interpretation of the Biblical chronology, the elaborate system of life-spans, "generations," and other means by which the Bible measures the passage of events from the Creation (Genesis 1:1) to the Book of Daniel, the last biblical book in which it appears. (wikipedia.org)
  • media
  • Accordingly, although personal expressions of religious faith were not explicitly banned, a strong sense of social stigma was imposed on them by the official structures and mass media and it was generally considered unacceptable for members of certain professions (teachers, state bureaucrats, soldiers) to be openly religious. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, religious institutions were not allowed to express their views in any type of mass media, and many religious buildings were demolished or used for other purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patent licenses can be obtained directly from each patent holder, or through patent licensing bodies, such as MPEG LA, HEVC Advance, and Velos Media. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Iron overload, also known as haemochromatosis, indicates accumulation of iron in the body from any cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • The smallest wasps are solitary chalcid wasps in the family Mymaridae, including the world's smallest known insect, with a body length of only 0.139 mm (0.0055 in), and the smallest known flying insect, only 0.15 mm (0.0059 in) long. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood
  • In addition, there are cardiopulmonary and vascular changes, including a significant decrease in red blood cell mass, that affect skeletal muscle function. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another
  • This normal adaptive response to the microgravity environment is, for the most part, of little consequence within the space vehicle per se, but may become a liability resulting in increased risk of an inability or decreased efficiency in crewmember performance of physically demanding tasks during extravehicular activity (EVA) or abrupt transitions to environments of increased gravity (return to Earth, landing on the surface of another planetary body). (wikipedia.org)