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  • manufacture
  • Photopolymer materials are being actively studied for practical applications such as Holographic Data Storage (HDS), hybrid optoelectronics, photo embossing, including the manufacture of refractive and diffractive optical elements, and the self-trapping of light [ 3 - 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The process and materials are useful in the manufacture of flat panel displays, particularly, liquid crystal display devices. (google.com.au)
  • Oliveira
  • Peter William de Oliveira, Head of INM's program division Optical Materials explains, "First, the silicone foils are coated with a photoactive layer of metal oxide nanoparticles. (phys.org)
  • 2018
  • The proposal "Materials and Interfaces for Organic and Hybrid Photovoltaics" has been selected for a 2018 Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) award by Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF). (tugraz.at)
  • organic
  • In comparison, the still relatively new Organic Chemistry, by the UK-based authors Jonathan Clayden, Nick Greeves, Stuart Warren and Peter Wothers, which covers material from the whole breadth of almost all undergraduate four-year organic chemistry courses, is like tuning to a completely new radio station. (timeshighereducation.com)
  • Much more exciting is The Organic Chemistry of Biological Pathways , which provides coverage of material at the increasingly important interface between chemistry and the life sciences, but which approaches the subject matter squarely from the organic chemist's perspective. (timeshighereducation.com)
  • The activities in Graz will focus on determining the structure and the properties of inorganic/organic interfaces using the recently developed SAMPLE algorithm always with the purpose of finding the ideal material combination for photovoltaic cells, which are a cruicial factor in the quest for renewable, clean energy sources. (tugraz.at)
  • A functional material includes a porous metal-organic framework (MOF) including an organic ligand derived from benzenedicarboxylic acid and a metal ion cluster coordination-bonded with the organic ligand, and a luminescent molecule in pores of the MOF. (patents.com)
  • silicone
  • The researchers have now achieved the possibility of such electronic switching on elastic material on silicone foil using a process known as photochemical metallization. (phys.org)
  • Room Temperature Vulcanized (RTV) materials, such as silicone adhesives, are commonly used to bond components of communication satellites and other types of spacecraft. (spie.org)
  • System
  • Erythromycin binds to MphR(A), causing release of the PmphR promoter, activating expression of the 2′-phosphotransferase Mph(A). We engineered the MphR(A)/promoter system to, in conjunction with a light-activatable derivative of erythromycin , enable photochemical activation of gene expression in E. coli . (rsc.org)
  • kinetics
  • This has inspired scientists to develop spatially micro- and nanoreactors by 'bottom-up' approaches in order to improve different processes in comparison to solution, in terms of kinetics, selectivity or processability. (rsc.org)
  • surface
  • All features must be compensated for surface and lateral etching, which happen simultaneously during the etching process. (photofabrication.com)
  • Once the material has been cut to the specified sheet size, it's chemically cleaned to remove all foreign debris, dust, grease, oil and other contaminants from the surface so that the photoresist can adhere to the metal. (photofabrication.com)
  • Issues
  • A discussion of several issues, which limit the performance of such materials and some potential improvements, is presented. (hindawi.com)
  • film
  • This is critical to prevent misalignment of the film during subsequent processing. (photofabrication.com)
  • The distributions of performance parameters describing the visible and solar transmission and reflection, emissivity and film color were analyzed and related to production process variations. (spie.org)
  • In the last century, both film processing and camera equipment have improved considerably but these same basic principles are still used to make photographs today. (madehow.com)
  • This is a complicated process because a typical roll of film may contain as many as 15 different layers. (madehow.com)
  • We use this film to show differences in photochemical processes compared to a pure film of DC 704. (spie.org)
  • applications
  • In this paper a brief review of the optimisation of photopolymer materials for holographic data storage (HDS) applications is described. (hindawi.com)
  • In this paper, we review recent attempts to more fully understand what is needed to optimise the performance of photopolymer materials for HDS applications. (hindawi.com)
  • In this respect, investigation of photophysical and photochemical processes in soft gel materials has recently emerged as a new and promising research field oriented towards expanding their applications in important areas such as photovoltaics, photocatalysis and phototherapy. (rsc.org)
  • performance
  • In the presence of sunlight, this Volatile Condensable Material (VCM) can photo-chemically deposit onto optically-sensitive spacecraft surfaces and significantly alter their original, beginning-of-life (BOL) optical properties, such as solar absorptance and emittance, causing unintended performance loss of the spacecraft. (spie.org)
  • In order to accurately predict spacecraft performance and end of life, an understanding of the primary mechanisms and processes involved in the deposition and "fixing" of molecular contaminants is necessary. (spie.org)
  • Chemistry
  • Springer Series in Material Chemistry , Vol. 130 (Berlin: Springer, 2009). (springer.com)
  • This is because thinner gauge material is generally clean of contamination, and will not be exposed to the harsh chemistry long enough for the photoresist to fail. (photofabrication.com)
  • silver
  • Schultze's work was improved upon through the efforts of Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre who, in 1837, developed a process for printing images on a silver coated copper plate. (madehow.com)
  • The first step in the process is to grow microscopic silver halide crystals from silver nitrate and halide ions. (madehow.com)
  • typical
  • In Section 3 , a description of some typical measurements performed in order to optically characterise photopolymer materials is presented. (hindawi.com)
  • application
  • Sterling Systems & Controls' new grinding automation application offers reduced waste and contamination as well as automatic scheduling of grinding and transfer processes. (thomasnet.com)
  • metal
  • At this point in the process, the sheets of metal are processed in a yellow safe-light environment. (photofabrication.com)
  • While PEI typically coats both sides of a metal sheet previously cut to size, in some cases, metals in thinner gauges can bypass the prep process and the resist can be applied to the entire coil. (photofabrication.com)
  • Once the phototool has been printed onto the metal sheet, it is ready to move into the wet process area for developing. (photofabrication.com)
  • range
  • In Section 4 , we begin by briefly discussing a range of different photopolymer materials, which are currently being developed for potential use as HDS media. (hindawi.com)
  • surfaces
  • The elevated satellite operating temperature causes the unused catalyst material in the RTV to volatize, which can then re-deposit or condense onto other spacecraft surfaces. (spie.org)
  • work
  • The key contributions of each work examined and many of the suggestions made for the improvement of the different photopolymer material discussed are presented. (hindawi.com)
  • However, some of this work disagrees with other studies involving mixed, real spacecraft materials. (spie.org)