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  • infection
  • Several different animal species are susceptible to infection by S.dysgalactiae, but bovine mastitis and infectious arthritis in lambs (joint ill) have been most frequently reported. (wikipedia.org)
  • strains
  • Prior to the emergence of ST398 there were sporadic reports of MRSA in bovine milk and cases of mastitis, often caused by strains from human associated lineages. (springer.com)
  • Materials and Methods One hundred and fifty-four (154) fully characterized strains of Australian source isolated from medical instances of mastitis in cows in Victoria and Queensland were generously donated by Professor Margaret Deighton, (RMIT University or college), Dr. Sharon de Damp (Queensland Biosecurity laboratory) and Dr. Justine Gibson (University or college of Queensland). (techuniq.com)
  • This study evaluated antibody-mediated (AMIR) and cell-mediated immune responses (CMIR) to two bovine SCV forms and their parent strains isolated from cows with mastitis. (ac.ke)
  • This is the first study to evaluate both AMIR and CMIR in the context of persistent bovine mastitis to different and genetically characterized strains of S. aureus including two SCVs. (ac.ke)
  • Human and bovine strains of GBS belong predominantly to two recognisably different populations that can be distinguished by antigenic and biochemical differences. (springer.com)
  • There are no patterns of lysis by phages characteristic of either human or bovine strains. (springer.com)
  • Pattison, I.H., Matthews, P.R.J., Howell, D.G. The type classification of group-B streptococci, with special reference to bovine strains apparently lacking in type polysaccharide. (springer.com)
  • antibiotics
  • At present bovine mastitis requires the large scale use of antibiotics to treat the disease and we know that this may lead to problems of antibiotic resistance down the line. (redorbit.com)
  • As alternative therapy to antibiotics, whose use is seen as increasingly critical, farmer try to treat mastitis with homeopathy, for example. (degruyter.com)
  • These data suggest that MLS antibiotics should be used judiciously to treat or prevent bovine mastitis caused by staphylococci. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Antibiotics commonly used to treat mastitis and respiratory burst of bovine polymorphonuclear leukocytes. (ugent.be)
  • However, to avoid development and spread of antibiotic resistance, the use of the antibiotics in the treatment of mastitis should be limited to situations where clinical and bacteriological findings justify their use. (beds.ac.uk)
  • treat mastitis
  • The present study examined i) whether homeopathic treatments for bovine mastitis can have positive treatment outcomes, ii) which treatments have been successful and under which conditions, iii) indications for future studies and applications for homeopathy to treat mastitis. (degruyter.com)
  • cattle
  • Specifically, dairy cattle with enhanced and balanced immune responses have a lower occurrence of disease, including mastitis, and they can be identified and selected for using the high immune response (HIR) technology. (frontiersin.org)
  • E. VanOpdenbosch, G. Wellemans, L. A. A. Ooms, and A.-D. A. Y. Degryse, "BHV4 (bovine herpes virus 4) related disorders in Belgian cattle: a study of two problem herds," Veterinary Research Communications, vol. 12, no. 4-5, pp. 347-353, 1988. (oalib.com)
  • F. A. Osorio and D. E. Reed, "Experimental inoculation of cattle with bovine herpesvirus-4: evidence for a lymphoid-associated persistent infection," American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 975-980, 1983. (oalib.com)
  • According to a published review article, Mycoplasma mastitis in cattle: To cull or not to cull , authored by Robin Nicholas, Larry Fox and Inna Lysnyansky, if early diagnosis of an outbreak is possible, immediate separation of clinical cases is recommended and cows should be culled if cases don't improve. (thedairysite.com)
  • Bovine mastitis is a costly disease in dairy cattle worldwide. (conicet.gov.ar)
  • Mastitis is a common disease in dairy cattle throughout the world and causes considerable economic losses each year. (beds.ac.uk)
  • 2000. Selection for mastitis resistance in dairy cattle: a review with focus on the situation in the Nordic countries. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 1997. Genetic association between parameters of innate immunity and measures of mastitis in periparturient Holstein cattle. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 2003. Genetics of resisitance to mastitis in dairy cattle. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • 1996. Defining candidate genes for mastitis resistance in cattle: the role of lactoferrin and lysozyme. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • losses
  • Mastitis causes significant economic losses to the dairy industry: production losses, discarded milk unfit for human consumption, yield losses during the processing of milk into various products, cost of veterinary treatments, early culling and mortality of the affected animals. (umontreal.ca)
  • Because bovine mastitis can cause significant losses, farmers and herd managers need quick diagnostic results so they can take fast and appropriate action. (thermofisher.com)
  • Mastitis is one of the most prevalent and costly diseases in the dairy industry with losses attributable to reduced milk production, discarded milk, early culling, veterinary services, and labor costs. (frontiersin.org)
  • This development is a welcome step towards preventing the suffering and losses associated with bovine mastitis. (redorbit.com)
  • Mastitis causes direct economic losses in several ways, including reduction of milk yields, condemnation of milk due to bacterial or antibiotic contamination, treatment costs, higher than normal culling rates and occasionally deaths (Vaarst & Envoldsen 1997). (scielo.org.za)
  • It has been shown that mastitis reduces the quality and quantity of milk, leading to losses of margins as high as $83.37 per cow per year (Food and Agriculture Organization 2009). (scielo.org.za)
  • Bovine mastitis due to unicellular, achlorophyllous algae of the genus Prototheca is a serious and complex ailment that accounts for high economic losses in the dairy industry. (fu-berlin.de)
  • inflammation
  • 1. Introduction Bovine mastitis is generally considered to be of infectious nature leading to inflammation of one or more quarters of mammary gland and it is often affecting not only individual animal but the whole herd or at least several animals within the herd. (oalib.com)
  • vaccine
  • Professor Leigh said: "What's really exciting about this is that we've discovered elements of one of the main culprits in bovine mastitis that could actually lead to a vaccine in the future. (redorbit.com)
  • STARTVAC┬« (HIPRA) is a polyvalent mastitis vaccine, directed against both enterobacterial and staphylococcal species, that has been registered for use in the European Union and in many other countries worldwide. (hipra.com)
  • The objective of this study was to analyse the reactivity of the antibodies induced by the STARTVAC┬« vaccine against S. aureus and E. coli bovine mastitis isolates from different areas of Japan and Europe. (hipra.com)
  • species
  • The in vitro effects of six doses (2 x 10(-3) to 2 x 10(-8) M) of antimicrobial drugs that are frequently used in udder infusions on the capacity of bovine blood polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocytes to generate reactive oxygen species were studied by the measurement of luminol-dependent chemiluminescence after stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. (ugent.be)
  • Bovine protothecal mastitis has been almost exclusively associated with only one species Prototheca zopfii. (fu-berlin.de)
  • experimentally
  • L. A. Krogman and J. P. McAdaragh, "Recrudescence of bovine herpesvirus-5 in experimentally infected calves," American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 336-338, 1982. (oalib.com)
  • experimental
  • Lancefield, R.C. A serological differentiation of specific types of bovine hemolytic streptococci (group B). Journal of Experimental Medicine 1934, 59: 441-458. (springer.com)
  • biofilm
  • These data indicate that the most prevalent Agr-types in S. aureus bovine mastitis, Agr-type I and II, can be regarded as different subspecies, with different abilities for the formation of biofilm in bovine milk serum. (uu.nl)